VR - Word Connections (1)

Find the words which complete the sentence in the most sensible way. Choose one word from the first group and one word from the second group.

Tall is to
(high short wide)
as dark is to
(coalcolour light

The sentence that you come up with has to hold a logical statement. The connection between the words may be that they are synonyms (same meaning) or antonyms (opposites) or something completely different. There are all sorts of options but we’ll list these later.

In this question we should look for the connection between the first word (‘tall’) and the words that follow it.

‘Tall’ means roughly the same as ‘high’
is the opposite of short
has no clear connection with ‘wide’.

Now let’s look at the second set of words, starting with the key word ‘dark’:

‘Dark’ is a word that could describe the colour of ‘coal’
is a word used when describing ‘colour’
is the opposite of ‘light’.

Now we have the three connections for each word, all we have to do is spot the similar ones. ‘Tall’ is the opposite of ‘short’ while ‘dark’ is the opposite of ‘light’ so they are the same. We are looking for opposites.

‘Tall’ is to ‘short’ as ‘dark’ is to ‘light’. The answers are ‘short’ and ‘light’.


Example

Find the words which complete the sentence in the most sensible way. Choose one word from the first group and one word from the second group.

Dull is to
(bored boring green)
as Happy is to
(red hope cheerful

Remember, there could be several reasons why the words have a connection, but whatever the reason is, it must be possible to state it for both pairs of words without twisting things around to suit an answer. The easiest thing to look for is a pair of synonyms, but be aware that they would have to be genuine synonyms, the same part of speech as each other, and not just word s with a strong connection. So let’s look at the words in the same way as we did in the previous example:

’Dull’ describes the type of thing that you may be doing while you are ‘bored’
is a word that can mean the same as ‘boring’
has no obvious connection with ‘green’.
’Happy’ has no obvious connection with ‘red’
is a word that may describe someone who has ‘hope’
is a word that means the same as ‘cheerful’.

The answer must be ‘boring’ and ‘cheerful’ as they are both synonyms (same meaning) of the given words. ‘Dull’ is to ‘boring’ as ‘happy’ is to ‘cheerful’.


Example 2

Find the words which complete the sentence in the most sensible way. Choose one word from the first group and one word from the second group.

Belt is to
(hit fasten leather)
as shirt is to
(cotton collar pink

Let’s apply the technique:

’Belt can mean the same as ‘hit’
is an object that one can ‘fasten’ to make work
can be made of ‘leather’.
’Shirt’ can be made of ‘cotton’
usually has a ‘collar’ as a constituent part
may be coloured ‘pink’.

The matching explanations, of course, revolve around the fact that each can be made of something in the lists. ‘Belt’ is to ‘leather’ as ‘shirt’ is to ‘cotton’.

Technique tip:

As with many questions involving words on verbal reasoning papers, encourage your child to make a clear statement that is entirely clear and logical. Vague ideas are not likely to be right and should only be used as possible answers once every avenue has been explored.

The following statement would not be acceptable as an answer to any verbal reasoning question:

‘Aeroplane’ is a form of ‘transport’ and ‘wheel’ is something you find on a ‘bus’ which is a form of transport.

There isn’t anything clear-cut about this statement – it’s vague and isn’t what we’d need.

Now here is a more water-tight answer to a question:

‘Ship’ travels on the ‘sea’ while ‘car’ travels on a ‘road’.

This is clear and has no doubt about it. It would form a sensible answer.

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