Related Words 2

There is a drum in this quiz - but it might not be the correct answer!

Related Words 2

Welcome to Related Words quiz 2. You need to work out a different code for each question.

Sometimes you will have to find a match for a word by moving forward a number of spaces in the alphabet, and sometimes by moving backward. Count how many spaces there are between a code and its decoded word, and then carry out that same operation on your question.

If you completed Related Words 1, you will know that occasionally there will be two calculations to make, for different letters in a word, so watch out for that, and also for words with more than four letters!

Enjoy 11-plus verbal reasoning Related Words quiz number 2.

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Example: If the code for LUCK is JSAI, what does EMMB mean?

GOOD
GOON
FEED
TEED

Answer: GOOD

The key to this code is to work out that each code letter is two spaces back in the alphabet. If L = J, then the code letter (J) has moved two spaces to the left of L, likewise if U = S then the code letter (S) is two spaces to the left of U. Working out the key allows us to work out any letter. If E is the code letter, then we know that it's two spaces to the left, so to get the answer, we must move two spaces to the right (G), likewise for M we must move two spaces to the right (O) and so on. Easy!
  1. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for SLOW is RKNV, what does EHRS mean?
    In this code we need to move just one place forward in the alphabet to get from code to word. Knowing this allows us to say that E = F, H = I, R = S and S = T
  2. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for FIND is CFKA, what does TLOA mean?
    In this code, you must move back three letters (skipping two letters) each time to get from the word to the code, or forward three letters (skipping two letters) each time to get from the code to the word. So, F = C, I = F, N = K and D = A. That sorts out FIND, so now look at TLOA. T = W, L = O, O = R and A = D. WORD. Did you FIND the right WORD?
  3. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for CAMP is DEBCNOQR, what does GHMNBCQR mean?
    A tricky one this time with one letter in the word being equal to two letters in the code. You should have seen the relationship between the first letter in the word and the first two letters in the code. C = DE, A = BC, M = NO and P = QR, so the two letter combination is the next two letters in the alphabet from the letter in the original word. Having worked this out, it is easy to say that GH = F (the letter before G), MN = L (the letter before M), BC = A and QR = P. Easy when you know how!
  4. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for WILT is RDGO, what would the code for FILM be?
    We tried to catch you out this time by asking for the code from a word, instead of a word from a code! Did you spot the difference in the question? The way this code works is by moving back through the alphabet five letters each time. So W = R, I = D, L = G and T = O. This means that in the word in the question, F = A, I = D, L = G and M = H. You should have spotted that I and L both feature in both words together
  5. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for UPOT is SNOT, what does UKCK mean?
    Both words in this question are disgusting! The trick to this code is realising that the last two letters don't change - OT stays as OT, so CK should also stay as CK. This leaves only two letters to work out in each part of the question. To get from the code to the word, we need to move back two letters in the alphabet. This gives us U = S, P = N and remember to leave the last two letters unchanged (SNOT). For the unknown word U = S and K = I. Leave the last two letters alone and we have made you SICK!
  6. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for SAME is QDKH, what does BUSJ mean?
    In this code different numbers of moves take place, and in different directions. To get from SAME to QDKH we moved the first letter back 2 spaces, and the next letter forward 3 spaces, then back 2 and forward 3 again. So, S = Q, A = D, M = K and E = H. Looking at the code BUSJ we just have to reverse the process. B = D, U = R, S = U and J = G. DRUG
  7. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for CONE is FRQH, what does GUDZ mean?
    This code makes us move three places forward in the alphabet to get from word to code (skipping 2 letters each time) so to get from code to word we have to move back three letters (skipping two) each time. C = F, O = R, N = Q and E = H, so G will = D, U will = R, D will = A and Z will = W. DRAW. Easy!
  8. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for FROM is HPQK, what does JCTC mean?
    The code here needs you to go forward two letters, then back two letters, then forward two and finally back two. This will show you that H = J (forward 2 places) and E = C (back two places) then R = T (forward two places again) and E, we already know, = C
  9. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for HEED is SVVW, what does GFXP mean?
    Here we have to count the letters and see where they appear in the alphabet. If a number is 3rd from the start in the alphabet, its corresponding code letter is 3rd from the end of the alphabet. So H = S (8th from the start and 8th from the end), E = V (5th from the start and 5th from the end), E = V (5th from the start and 5th from the end), and D = W (4th from the beginning and fourth from the end). Looking at the code GFXP we can show that G = T (7th from the end and 7th from the beginning), F = U (6th from the end and 6th from the beginning), X = C (3rd from the end and 3rd from the beginning). The only possible answer is TUCK
  10. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for CODE is IOJE, what does WUOZ mean?
    In this code the first and third letters change, moving forward six letters in the alphabet each time, and the second and fourth letters stay unchanged. So looking at CODE: C = I, O stays the same, D = J and E stays the same. Turning to WUOZ, remember to reverse the order so it's six spaces back in the alphabet, but keep letter two and four unchanged: W = Q, U stays the same, O = I and Z stays the same. If you got this one right, you should have found a QUIZ CODE!

Author: Stephen O'Hara

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