Same Meaning 3
My sister never trusts those temporary rides at the travelling funfair.

Same Meaning 3

As in our previous 11-Plus Verbal Reasoning Same Meaning quizzes, all you need to do is pick the answer which expresses the closest meaning to the word in CAPITALS in the question.

Words can be tricky little things at times. Some words might be similar in meaning, but there are levels of 'strength' to be considered. As an example, take a look at the following two sentences.

  • The angry dog let out a loud bark at the postman.
  • The exasperated dog let out a deafening bark at the postman.

Whilst angry and exasperated are synonyms, exasperated is a much stronger word than angry. Likewise with loud and deafening. The more you learn about English, the better you'll be able to express yourself with similar strength synonyms!

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  1. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    This is a wonderful and fascinating old book; what a shame that the leather on the outside is CHAPPED.
    This is similar to when your skin (on your lips, perhaps) becomes chapped from the cold, or maybe you have a rough place where something you have been wearing or carrying has rubbed against it repeatedly. Leather, of course, would once have been the skin of a living animal!
  2. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    Since the problems of a few years back, they seem to be living and working together quite HARMONIOUSLY.
    'Harmoniously' means 'in ways that agree with each other' or 'on the same wavelength', but not necessarily with music going on all the time (though that may also happen to be true). There is no connection whatever with 'harm' (as Answer 4 might have appeared to you to suggest)
  3. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    I love the way the artist has SHADED the forested horizon into the evening cloud.
    The forest may well be shady, but at the distance of the horizon we couldn't be able to tell this clearly, and in any case the landscape is under at least partial cloud rather than glaring sunshine. 'Shading' in this sense means 'blending or harmonising subtly, so it is hard or even impossible to tell quite where one area ends and another begins'.
    This would presumably involve clever selection of subtle colours, but there is no suggestion that the artist has actually confused (Answer 4) part of the ground-based landscape with something in the sky
  4. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    My sister never trusts those temporary rides at the travelling funfair: she says they look too SPINDLY.
    Most of these Answers seem likely and tempting, but No.3 is the best: anything 'spindly' consists of parts, including perhaps any structural supports, that look too thin to be able to sustain their load (perhaps like the legs of a 'daddy-long-legs')
  5. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    There's nothing wrong with cheese as part of a WHOLESOME diet.
    'Wholesome' = 'natural (though not necessarily organic), balanced, good for you'. There is no link at all with 'holes' (in a diet with some things forbidden, as suggested by Answer 3) nor holes in the cheese.
    (Meanwhile we have heard it claimed that if ever you look at cheese under a microscope, you may be unlikely to eat any again; but we suspect you are unlikely to wish, nor have the apparatus, to try this!)
  6. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    When they tried to move the factory to another town, the managers encountered considerable RESISTANCE.
    To 'resist' = to try as hard as one can to prevent (or at least slow down) something.
    There is also a specialist meaning in the field of electrical engineering (Answer 1) but that is unlikely to be a major issue in such a situation as this
  7. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    Somebody's singing upstairs, and it sounds as though they're FLAT.
    'Flat' (in this somewhat technical sense) means 'below the correct pitch'. It's unlikely that the person singing is physically flat or even just horizontal (though they might be); there is no suggestion of them being in a separate 'flat' ( = apartment; as in Answer 4), either
  8. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    The spinning-wheel in the corner is a family HEIRLOOM from the 19th century.
    An 'heirloom' is any inherited item: it could just as well be a picture, ornament or piece of furniture. The '-loom' element in the word does not necessarily imply any connection with threads or weaving, though in the case of a spinning-wheel it may have been tempting to assume so
  9. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    It's hardly fair that when Uncle Val comes, we get LUMBERED with his stepchildren as well.
    'Lumber' in its original sense is a quantity of chopped-down trees, on their way to be processed into paper or furniture or whatever (e.g. by 'lumberjacks' floating rafts down a river, at least in the initial stages). 'Lumbered with' suggests having a load of something awkward dumped on one; in this case, tiresome non-related children. There is no connection with 'slumber' (as Answer 1 may have seemed to hint); nor, necessarily, that all the children will collectively be expected to do housework (Answer 4)
  10. Choose the Answer which makes the closest sense to the word in CAPITALS in the Question.
    After several hours climbing the mountain in tough weather conditions, they could feel themselves FLAGGING.
    'To flag' = 'to falter'; there is no immediate overlap with the idea of a flag to be planted at the summit as a visible symbol of the mountaineers' achievement

Author: Ian Miles

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