British Rulers
The War of the Roses was fought between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. Their symbols were a red rose and a white one.

British Rulers

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 History for children aged 5, 6 and 7 in years 1 and 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with historical figures and understanding significant people from history.

As KS1 children develop their understanding of historical data and find out about significant people in history, they learn about how our country has changed as a direct influence of the monarchs and rulers in charge of it. They may explore more about the lives and achievements of some historical rulers of notoriety, such as Henry VIII or Elizabeth I, and may also learn about other key rulers, such as William the Conqueror and how their rule affected the lives of ordinary people.

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  1. England's first female monarch was called:
    Empress Matilda was very bad tempered and nobody liked her very much
  2. King George VI becoming King was a bit of a surprise. Why?
    His brother, King Edward VIII, abdicated to marry Mrs Wallis Simpson, as he was not able to marry a divorced woman and become King
  3. At one point, England was a republic and had no King or Queen. How long did this last?
    Oliver Cromwell was Protector of England at this time but did not want to become King
  4. King Richard I was very brave and earned himself a nickname. What was it?
    Richard was in England for only ten months during his reign. He spent the rest of his time fighting in the Crusades
  5. A royal war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York was called...
    The House of Lancaster had a red rose as its emblem, the House of York had a white one
  6. King Edward I founded something in politics which still exists today. What was it?
    Edward formed the Model Parliament in 1295, bringing together the knights, clergy and nobility of the cities, bringing Lords and Commons together for the first time
  7. Henry VIII's reign came just after the War of the Roses, but he is more famous for something else. What is it?
    Not all of Henry's wives survived being married to him!
  8. William the Conqueror invaded England from Normandy. He defeated King Harold at a famous battle in 1066. What was it called?
    William created the Doomsday Book, which was a record of everything and everyone in his kingdom
  9. Our current ruler, Queen Elizabeth II had her coronation on June 2, 1953. What was unusual about it?
    Queen Elizabeth II is the 40th monarch since William the Conqueror obtained the crown of England in 1066
  10. Queen Victoria was our longest reigning monarch so far. How long was she Queen for?
    Her reign was known as the Victorian era. Our current Queen may beat her record!

Author: Angela Smith

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