KS1 Maths Quiz
Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication (Mental Methods)
5 x 3 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3, or 5 + 5 + 5. They all give the answer 15.

Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication (Mental Methods)

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 Maths and Numeracy for children aged 6 and 7 in year 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with using mental methods for multiplication.

Understanding the process of multiplication can be quite a tricky challenge for some children. An introduction to this number operation will usually show that multiplication is, in fact, repeated addition. For example, the calculation of 3 x 4 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 or 4 + 4 + 4. They are then encouraged to use mental methods to solve multiplication problems by using the number facts they have learned, for example if 3 + 3 + 3 = 9 then 3 x 3 = 9. This is closely related to the mental methods Year 2 children learn to solve division problems.

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  1. Question 1

    If 2 hands = 10 fingers, how many fingers will 6 hands be?
    10 + 10 + 10 = 30, this is the same as 3 x 10
  2. Question 2

    Pizzas are cut into 8 slices. Which calculations show how many slices there would be if there were 3 pizzas?
    If each pizza has 8 slices, and there are 3 pizzas, this is the same as 8 x 3 or 3 x 8
  3. Question 3

    Which of the following calculations is incorrect?
    All the others show some of the different ways 12 can be made
  4. Question 4

    Jane makes rows of sweets. She puts 5 sweets in each row.
    If she makes 4 rows, how many sweets will she use?
    This is the same as 5 + 5 + 5 + 5
  5. Question 5

    Which of the following calculations is correct?
    3 x 4, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 and 4 + 4 + 4 would also give the same answer
  6. Question 6

    2 + 2 + 2 + 2 is the same as:
    Multiplication is the same as repeated addition
  7. Question 7

    Which of the following calculations is correct?
    4 x 4 is the same as 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 16
  8. Question 8

    What are three lots of four?
    This is the same as 4 + 4 + 4 or 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
  9. Question 9

    Which calculation 'family' would be most appropriate to describe 15 cakes?
    15 cakes could be arranged in 3 rows of 5, or 5 rows of 3
  10. Question 10

    2 x 3 = 6 so:
    The smaller numbers in a multiplication can go in either order

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