KS1 Maths Quiz
5 x 3 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3, or 5 + 5 + 5. They all give the answer 15.

# Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication (Mental Methods)

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 Maths and Numeracy for children aged 6 and 7 in year 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with using mental methods for multiplication.

Understanding the process of multiplication can be quite a tricky challenge for some children. An introduction to this number operation will usually show that multiplication is, in fact, repeated addition. For example, the calculation of 3 x 4 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 or 4 + 4 + 4. They are then encouraged to use mental methods to solve multiplication problems by using the number facts they have learned, for example if 3 + 3 + 3 = 9 then 3 x 3 = 9. This is closely related to the mental methods Year 2 children learn to solve division problems.

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1. Question 1

If 2 hands = 10 fingers, how many fingers will 6 hands be?
10 + 10 + 10 = 30, this is the same as 3 x 10
2. Question 2

Pizzas are cut into 8 slices. Which calculations show how many slices there would be if there were 3 pizzas?
If each pizza has 8 slices, and there are 3 pizzas, this is the same as 8 x 3 or 3 x 8
3. Question 3

Which of the following calculations is incorrect?
All the others show some of the different ways 12 can be made
4. Question 4

Jane makes rows of sweets. She puts 5 sweets in each row.
If she makes 4 rows, how many sweets will she use?
This is the same as 5 + 5 + 5 + 5
5. Question 5

Which of the following calculations is correct?
3 x 4, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 and 4 + 4 + 4 would also give the same answer
6. Question 6

2 + 2 + 2 + 2 is the same as:
Multiplication is the same as repeated addition
7. Question 7

Which of the following calculations is correct?
4 x 4 is the same as 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 16
8. Question 8

What are three lots of four?
This is the same as 4 + 4 + 4 or 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
9. Question 9

Which calculation 'family' would be most appropriate to describe 15 cakes?
15 cakes could be arranged in 3 rows of 5, or 5 rows of 3
10. Question 10

2 x 3 = 6 so:
The smaller numbers in a multiplication can go in either order

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