Ancient Greek and Roman Art
'The Aphrodite of Melos' is better known as 'The Venus de Milo'.

Ancient Greek and Roman Art

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS3 in Art and Design for children aged 11 to 14 in years 7 to 9. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with understanding art movements and their influence on the world, and it focusses in particular on Ancient Greek and Roman, or Classical Art.

In KS3 children will learn how to critically appraise historical works of art, as well as understand the influence ancient movements have had on art today.

The art of the ancient Greeks and Romans is called classical art. This name is also used to describe later periods in which artists looked for their inspiration to this ancient style. The Romans learned sculpture and painting largely from the Greeks and helped to transmit Greek art to later ages. Classical art owes its lasting influence to its simplicity and reasonableness, its humanity, and its sheer beauty.

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It is widely accepted that Rome owes nearly the entirety of its artistic achievement to the Greeks. The Greeks had long since mastered the art of sculpture, creating some of the greatest masterpieces of all time. The elements of Greek sculpture - realism, idealism and harmony of form - held a great appeal to the Romans. The Romans may also have borrowed inspiration from the Etruscans, who had an artistic tradition all of their own, including sculptures and murals. Most historians tend to see Roman art as, at best, a poor copy of Greek art. It is possible that the Romans themselves shared this perspective. Roman authors rave about Greek sculptors but they make no mention at all of Roman sculptors!

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  1. What activity had a great deal of influence over both Greek and Roman sculptors?
    Myron sculpted the famous 'Discobolus', or 'Discus Thrower'. His 'Doryphorus', or 'Spear Bearer' was believed to follow the true proportions of the human body perfectly
  2. The Persian invasion (490-479 BC) of Greece destroyed many beautiful buildings. What was the greatest rebuilding triumph?
    The Parthenon, the Erechtheum, and other beautiful buildings, can still be seen in part today
  3. The Greeks had plenty of marble and used it prolifically. Which aspect of it did not please them?
    They overcame this by painting statues to make them look more lifelike
  4. Early Greek vases were predominately painted in which colour?
    Stick-like figures of men and animals were fitted into an over-all geometric pattern
  5. Another distinctive sculpture in the Louvre depicts the windswept goddess of Victory who gave her name to a sports company. What is it called?
    It is also known as 'Winged Victory'. The Greek government gave it to the Louvre in exchange for a frieze that once adorned a temple on the island
  6. The 'Aphrodite' of Melos is a beautiful sculpture house in the Louvre in Paris. What is it now known as?
    Nothing is known of its sculptor. Experts date it between 200 and 100 BC
  7. After the conquest, how did wealthy Romans decorate their lavish villas?
    Roman artists may have also been employed, but only if their influences were Greek!
  8. In 146 BC, what happened to entwine the creative development of both Greece and Rome?
    "Greece, conquered, led her conqueror captive" is a poet's way of expressing the triumph of Greek over Roman culture
  9. Phidas was a famous Greek sculptor. Some of his work now resides in the British Museum, and is known as what?
    Lord Elgin brought them from Athens in 1801-12
  10. The first and greatest period of classical art began in Greece about the middle of the 5th century BC. What had the Greeks learned how to do?
    They were, at first, mainly interested in portraying gods rather than humans

Author: Angela Smith

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