Romanticism
'The Death of Sardanapalus' is a painting by the Romantic artist Eugène Delacroix.

Romanticism

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS3 in Art and Design for children aged 11 to 14 in years 7 to 9. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with understanding art movements and their influence on the world, and it focusses in particular on the movement of Romanticism.

In KS3 children will learn how to critically appraise historical works of art, as well as understand the influence ancient movements have had on art today.

Romanticism, which was first defined around 1800, gathered momentum as an artistic movement in France and Britain in the early decades of the nineteenth century and was a mainstay until the middle of that century. The movement placed a great deal of emphasis on imagination and emotion, and many critics think Romanticism emerged as a response the Industrial Revolution, the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, and the scientific rationalisation of nature.

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Early Romanticism was shaped largely by artists trained in Jacques Louis David's studio, including Baron Antoine Jean Gros, Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson and Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres. Romanticism placed high value on the achievements of "heroic" individualists and artists, whose examples, it maintained, would ultimately raise the quality of society through their actions.

Eventually, the movement declined - partly due to the effects of social and political change and partly due to the growth of Realism and the onset and spread of nationalism.

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  1. Charles Baudelaire famously summed up the entire movement by saying which of the following:
    Most artists of the time would have agreed that the movement was mainly about feelings and emotion, not processes and rules
  2. In which particular discipline did Romanticism first show itself?
    From as early as the 1760s, British artists began to turn to wilder landscapes and storms, and Gothic architecture
  3. Which art form remained largely unaffected by Romanticism?
    This may well have been because sculpting in marble, which was popular at the time, does not lend itself well to the dramatic gestures required by Romanticism
  4. Romanticism flourished, in part, due to a manufacturing turning point which was commonly known as what?
    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
  5. Romantics tended to believe that it was mentally and morally healthy to have a close connection with what?
    The Romantic artists surrounded themselves with nature and were distrustful of the man-made world around them
  6. The Romantic Artists rebelled against the traditional rules surrounding art, maintaining instead that art should come from where?
    The movement believed the artist should be inspired by their own emotions, with as little interference as possible from "artificial" rules dictating what a work should consist of
  7. One trend during the period, was for very large apocalyptic historical paintings. What does this mean?
    Some of these paintings were so dramatic and emotive that they came with a warning!
  8. Which war happened early in the Romantic period and may have influenced the art?
    The French Revolution took place from 1789 to 1799, followed by the Napoleonic Wars until 1815
  9. Which period came after Romanticism?
    This period came in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century
  10. The Romantic movement placed new emphasis on emotions never really explored in mainstream art before. Which emotions were they?
    The movement emphasised intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience and many artists used these emotions as inspiration

Author: Angela Smith

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