Adjectives 02
In 'This is the most delicious cheesecake' the word 'delicious' is the adjective.

Adjectives 02

Adjectives are useful to describe nouns. Because adjectives describe the qualities possessed by nouns or pronouns, they can often be compared. By adding -er and -est to existing adjectives, you can use them to compare two or more nouns. For example, by adding -er and -est to the adjective, "low", you can make "lower" and "lowest". Thus, three objects can be compared: e.g. "My wall is low and your wall is lower, but his wall is the lowest". The adjectives "low", "lower" and "lowest" help to compare three of the same type of noun, in this case a wall.

Some adjectives cannot have the -er and -est suffixes added to them. In these cases, it is necessary to add the adverbs "more" and "most". For example, "Bill is interesting", "Bob is more interesting", "Ben is the most interesting". It's not correct to say that someone is the "interestingest"! Adjectives taking -er or "more" are known as comparative, while those taking -est or "most" are known as superlatives.

Select the correct forms in this English quiz.

  1. The canyon is the ... in the world.
    "Widest" = superlative, which means "the most"
  2. Apples are good for you, but watercress is ...
    "....... and oranges are the best"
  3. This cake tastes horrible, but that one tastes ...
    Standard English does not say "horribler"!
  4. Bus travel is quick, car travel is ... but air travel is ...
    "Quicker" = comparative, "quickest" = superlative
  5. Spring is pleasant, summer is ... but autumn is the ...
    "More pleasant" = comparative; "most pleasant" = superlative
  6. Tea tastes nice, coffee tastes ... but chocolate tastes ...
    "Nicer" is correct, not "more nice"!
  7. Honey is sweet, syrup is ... but sugar is the ...
    "Sweeter" = comparative; "sweetest" = superlative
  8. Your book is more interesting than mine, but his is the ...
    "Most interesting" = superlative
  9. My ring is valuable, her ring is ... but your ring is ...
    Standard English does not say "valuabler"!
  10. An hour is a long time to wait, but a two hour wait is ...
    ".......and a three hour wait is the longest" = superlative

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