Natural Resources 01
Cow dung is a type of biomass fuel.

Natural Resources 01

This KS3 Geography quiz takes a look at natural resources. A natural resource is a material or source of energy that is supplied by nature. Unfortunately, obtaining and using these natural resources can be very destructive to the environment e.g. mining in rainforests. The Industrial Revolution in the UK was powered by the natural resource of coal. Coal is a fossil fuel and when it is burnt, it releases harmful gases like sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Someday, there will be no fossil fuels left - they are non-renewable resources.

Using natural resources other than fossil fuels to produce energy is often cleaner for the environment. It is also better for us as they are renewable - they will last as long as the Earth lasts. Hydroelectric power (HEP) is a method of generating electricity using the energy of water flowing downhill. Wind turbines can be built to generate electricity from the energy of the wind. Fuel is only burnt as they are being manufactured and set up. The biggest disadvantage is that the energy in the environment is not as concentrated as in a fossil fuel. This means that a large area is needed to generate as much electricity as one fossil fuel power station.

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  1. Which of these statements is true?
    About 25% of the world's electricity comes from non-fossil fuels. This figure is increasing all the time so by the time you are reading this, it will probably be even more!
  2. How are coal, oil and natural gas collectively known?
    Formed from fossil remains of plants and animals millions of years ago
  3. The letters HEP refer to what type of power?
    The very first hydroelectric system was built in the county of Northumberland by the engineer William Armstrong at his home Cragside, near the town of Rothbury
  4. Which problem is not caused by burning fossil fuels?
    The release of CFC gases damages the ozone layer
  5. Trees give out which gas?
    Actually, they do that only during the day. Oxygen is a waste product from photosynthesis. All plants, not just trees, produce oxygen in the daytime
  6. Which of these is not a biomass fuel?
    Biomass fuels work in the same way as fossil fuels. They have been formed in recent times, not millions of years in the past
  7. What form of power uses heat from below ground?
    This is useful in countries like Iceland and Italy where there are active volcanoes
  8. Bauxite is a mineral that can be made into what?
    One of the uses of aluminium is to make drinks cans
  9. Which of these is not a natural resource?
    Plastic doesn't occur in nature - it's man-made
  10. Coal, oil and natural gas can be described how?
    Once used they cannot be replaced

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