Population 05
See if you can get full marks in this quiz on population.

Population 05

Play our final KS3 Geography quiz on population. Changes in populations are due to many factors - migration, improving or worsening standards of living, wars, natural disasters and so on. An example of the latter was the destruction of the town of Pompeii by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD79 - the town was completely depopulated.

In more recent times, in places like Africa and the Balkan states, certain groups of people have tried to completely exterminate other populations by killing them. This is called genocide and is usually caused by racial or religious prejudices.

Populations fluctuate (change up and down) naturally. In times of famine, populations will decline as the most vulnerable people starve to death.

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The immune systems of babies are not as well developed as older children and adults so if there are diseases around, infant mortality will be high - fewer babies will survive and if the rates of infant survival is less than the death rate amongst the rest of the population overall, the population will fall. In LEDCs, women tend to have more children than women in MEDCs, and they start having children at much younger ages too. The birth rate is often higher than the death rate and so the population shows a natural increase

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  1. If birth rate is higher than death rate what will happen?
    This is referred to as a natural increase
  2. Population grows slowly in MEDCs. What is not a reason for this?
    Women tend to marry younger in LEDCs and have more children sooner than women in MEDCs
  3. What is the best way to describe the UK's population?
    People are living longer so the average age in the UK is getting higher
  4. Moving by choice is what sort of migration?
    Migration can be either internal or international
  5. Which of the following is most likely to have a sparse population density?
    It's difficult to build and farm in such areas so very few people attempt it unless they have no other option
  6. Which is an argument against migration?
    It's thought there are over 100,000 racial incidents in the UK each year - not all of them are reported
  7. In which of the following countries is rapid population growth most likely to have happened?
    Ghana is in West Africa and is an LEDC. Many LEDCs have had a large population growth since international aid agencies have brought better healthcare and clean water supplies to remote communities
  8. How is natural population growth defined?
    Death rate includes infant mortality
  9. When a person moves for less than a year it is known as what?
    An example would be a student going to university
  10. The average number of children born to each woman is called the what?
    It's used as one of the ways of measuring population growth and is a statistical figure rather than a measure of the fertility of the women in a particular country

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