Abolition of Slavery in the USA 01
Which American states were in favour of slavery?

Abolition of Slavery in the USA 01

This KS3 History quiz looks at the abolition of slavery in the USA. Early in the seventeenth century, a Dutch ship arrived in the British colony of Jamestown, Virginia. On board was a 'cargo' of about twenty Africans. These people had been kidnapped and were sold to wealthy Europeans as slaves. They were the very first of an estimated seven million Africans who were forced into slavery in the New World during the next one hundred and fifty years. They were a cheaper and more plentiful source of labour than servants brought over from Europe.

Slavery was not as widespread in the northern states of America and by the start of the nineteenth century they had abolished slavery. In Britain, the textile industry was becoming more mechanised and required an increased supply of cotton. The southern states of America had perfect conditions for growing cotton, so many plantations changed from tobacco production to cotton production. The cotton plantations required a lot of labour so slavery remained firmly in place. In the mid-nineteenth century conflict grew between the northern and southern states over the issue of slavery, leading to a long and bitter civil war.

  1. Who led an American slave rebellion in 1831?
    Turner believed that God chose him to lead the revolt
  2. White men who controlled plantation slaves were known as what?
    They kept their slaves under control by severe punishment for even minor things
  3. William Lloyd Garrison fought slavery by writing in which newspaper?
    He was an important person in the abolition movement
  4. Which American states were in favour of slavery?
    The plantations were located in the south
  5. How many southern states split from the United States in 1860-61?
    When South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas split from the United States, it led to the civil war. When the war started, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina joined them
  6. In 1859, who raided a weapons store in order to arm slaves?
    He was executed and is remembered in the song 'John Brown's Body'
  7. What did the southern states call themselves?
    The northern states were known as the Union
  8. Which was NOT a Confederate state?
    Georgia and Texas were confederate states from the start, Virginia was one of four states who joined when the civil war broke out
  9. Which book of 1852 describes the cruelty of slavery?
    It made a big impression on those who read it
  10. Who wrote the antislavery novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'?
    It sold about 300,000 copies in the first year after publication which was remarkable as she was not an established author

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