Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 01
Some ex-slaves rented farmland and were called what?

Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 01

Challenge yourself in this KS3 History quiz on racial unrest and civil rights in the USA. In America, early in the seventeenth century, the first slaves were traded. These people, kidnapped from their families in Africa, were sold for profit to wealthy settlers in the 'New World'. They were much cheaper than servants and a very profitable 'cargo' for the slave traders.

Slavery was more widespread in the southern states of America because there were large tobacco plantations and later, cotton plantations. These were very labour intensive (needed a lot of workers) and slaves were the cheapest option.

Many people in the northern states did not agree with slavery and, in 1861, some of the southern states joined together and formed the Confederate States of America.

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They split from the United states. One of the key issues was slavery. This split lead to the American Civil war. The northern states won and slavery was abolished. Even when slavery ended, black Americans had fewer rights than most white Americans, so they weren't much better off. White politicians made it hard for slaves to leave the plantations. Blacks and whites were segregated, in other words, there were areas where ex-slaves were not allowed.

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  1. Which laws made it hard for black people to leave the plantations?
    Introduced by white southern politicians
  2. What did the Government create to help former slaves?
    Amongst other things it set up schools for black children
  3. What did the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do for black people?
    The Amendment was added in 1870
  4. Some ex-slaves rented farmland and were called what?
    They gave part of their produce as rent
  5. What word means blacks and whites being kept apart?
    Everyone was supposed to receive the same services but with separate facilities for whites and blacks
  6. Which 19th century laws encouraged segregation?
    Jim Crow was a popular stage character created by a well-known performer of the first half of the nineteenth century. After the death of the performer, instead of being a likeable and positive character, the name was used more in a negative way
  7. The NAACP was formed in 1909 - what did the 'C' mean?
    National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People
  8. The NAACP campaigned for what?
    All they wanted was that the people who had been slaves or were descended from the African slaves would have the same rights as any citizen of the United States
  9. 1919 saw a week of race riots in which city?
    About 40 people were killed
  10. Which former slave founded a college in Alabama?
    He wanted blacks to have better job prospects and realised that having a better education would be a big benefit

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