Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 03
In 1963 over 250,000 civil rights protesters marched in Washington.

Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 03

This KS3 History quiz is about racial unrest and civil rights in the USA. The USA is known as the 'land of the free', yet black Americans had to campaign long and hard in history for equal civil rights. Things were starting to change by the 1950s, for example, in 1954, the US government passed a law that it was no longer legal to segregate schoolchildren. The 1950s and 1960s saw many protests by civil rights groups. The majority of these were peaceful, for example, sit-ins. In 1960, students formed the SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) to organise them.

As well as the SNCC protests, many other civil rights groups were campaigning. In the city of Montgomery, Martin Luther King Jr. set up the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Their aim was to end all forms of segregation. In 1963, Birmingham in Alabama was said to be the most racially segregated city in America. The town authorities obtained a legal ban on civil rights protests but the SCLC protested anyway. Many people were arrested, including Martin Luther King.

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  1. In April 1963 race protests occurred where in Alabama?
    The city had closed public facilities to avoid having to desegregate
  2. What type of people set up the civil rights group SNCC?
    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
  3. The SNCC mainly used what type of protest?
    This was a peaceful way of protesting that makes it hard for businesses or public buildings to carry on as normal
  4. Who became chairman of SNCC in 1966?
    He took part in the Freedom Rides and was later to become important in the Black Power movement
  5. Which civil rights activist was assassinated in 1968?
    He used non-violent tactics
  6. Which white racist is thought to have killed Martin Luther King?
    King's birthday is a national holiday in the USA
  7. Where was Martin Luther King assassinated?
    There were race riots in anger at his assassination in many US cities
  8. In 1963 over 250,000 civil rights protesters marched in which city?
    About 50,000 of them were white
  9. In a 1963 speech, Martin Luther King famously said .......
    The speech inspired millions of Americans
  10. The Watts area of which city saw major riots in 1965?
    It was about how the police treated a black driver. The same happened in 1992 when arresting police officers were declared innocent of beating a black prisoner

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