The UK’s World Heritage

Lake-District-July-17-BlogIt’s one of the most beautiful landscapes in the UK and it’s been inspiring artists and poets for centuries – finally, the Lake District has been granted World Heritage status by UNESCO.

The Lake District is home to Scafell Pike, England’s highest mountain, and Windermere, our largest lake. It’s visited by tourists from all over the UK but its new status should help to attract more visitors from overseas. But it’s not the first World Heritage site here – there are in fact 28 others. Here’s a list of them all:

  • Blaenavon Industrial Landscape – A 19th Century town shaped by the production of iron and coal
  • Blenheim Palace – 18th Century home of the Duke of Marlborough
  • Canterbury Cathedral – Site of the oldest church in England
  • The Castles of Edward I in Wales – Dating from the 13th Century, they are considered the pinnacle of medieval military architecture
  • City of Bath – Roman spa town dating from the 1st Century
  • Cornwall and West Devon Mines – 18th Century tin and copper mines which supplied two thirds of the world’s ore
  • Derwent Valley Mills – Derbyshire valley famous as the birthplace of the factory
  • Dorset and East Devon Coast – Important site for fossils dating back 185 million years
  • Durham Castle and Cathedral – Fine example of Norman architecture built in the 11th Century
  • Forth Bridge – Constructed in 1890, the 9 mile long bridge is an iconic symbol of Scotland
  • Giant’s Causeway – 40,000 basalt columns rising from the sea which were formed 60 million years ago
  • Gough and Inaccessible Islands – Unique ecosystem almost untouched by mankind
  • Hadrian’s Wall – The frontier of the Roman Empire, built in 122 AD
  • Heart of Neolithic Orkney – Prehistoric sites off Scotland’s northern coast
  • Ironbridge Gorge – Site of the world’s first bridge built from iron
  • The Lake District – Newest Heritage Site, mentioned in introduction
  • Liverpool – Maritime mercantile city, site of perhaps the most important port in the 18th Century
  • Maritime Greenwich – Home of the Royal Observatory and the Meridian which divides east from west
  • New Lanark – 18th Century Scottish village created to provide housing for mill workers
  • Edinburgh-July-17Old and New Edinburgh – Medieval to Victorian architecture which influenced the design of many buildings around the world
  • Pontcysyllte Aqueduct – 18th Century high waterway built to carry canal boats from Shropshire to Wales
  • Royal Botanical Gardens – Kew Gardens were created in the mid-1700s and they were fundamental to our increasing knowledge of botany
  • St Kilda – Uninhabited island famed for its prehistoric settlements and sea bird colonies
  • Saltaire – Another village created to house Victorian workers. This one is in Yorkshire
  • Stonehenge – Ancient monument in Wiltshire which speaks for itself
  • Studley Royal Park – Yorkshire site of the 12th Century Fountains Abbey, one of the largest in England
  • Tower of London – Started in 1066, the first Norman building in England
  • Westminster Palace and Abbey – Seat of government since the 10th Century. Westminster Palace is home to parliament and all English monarchs since William the Conqueror have been crowned in Westminster Abbey

In addition, there are four more World Heritage Sites on British territories overseas – in Gibraltar, the Pitcairn Islands, the Ascension Islands and Bermuda – making a total of 32.

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