GCSE History Quiz - Germany: 1933-1945 - Nazi Control Of Germany Established, 1933-1935 (Questions)

In GCSE History students will look at Germany between the two World Wars. One area focussed on is how the Nazis came to establish totalitarian control over Germany.

The Nazis moved rapidly to establish totalitarian control over Germany following Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in January 1933. This meant that, before long, the Nazis began to exercise control over every aspect of German life.

How did the Nazis come to establish totalitarian control of Germany? Find out in this quiz.

1. What name was given to the 1933 agreement between Hitler and the Vatican, which outlined the role of the Roman Catholic Church under a Nazi state?
[ ] Encyclical
[ ] Concordat
[ ] Papal Bull
[ ] Papal Treaty
2. In June 1934 Hitler used his SS bodyguard to liquidate the leadership of the SA in the "Night of the Long Knives". Who was the leader of the SA who perished in this massacre?
[ ] Ernst Rohm
[ ] Horst Wessel
[ ] Gregor Strasser
[ ] Otto Streicher
3. Which composer's work was showcased every year at the Bayreuth Festival, which Hitler attended annually?
[ ] Richard Strauss
[ ] Richard Wagner
[ ] Anton Bruckner
[ ] Gustav Mahler
4. In August 1934 President Hindenburg died. How did Hitler deal thereafter with the office of President?
[ ] The office was abolished, and the Hohenzollern monarchy was restored
[ ] The office was merged with that of Chancellor
[ ] New elections were held according to the Weimar Constitution to choose a new President
[ ] Hitler appointed a figurehead President from among his Nazi cronies
5. After 1933 the Nazis built up strong party youth movements. What name was given to the main boys' organisation?
[ ] Hitler Jugend
[ ] Nazi Jugend
[ ] NSDAP Jugend
[ ] Deutscher Jugend
6. At a major Nazi rally in 1935 Hitler announced re-armament. Where did this event take place?
[ ] Berlin
[ ] Munich
[ ] Nuremberg
[ ] Koenigsberg
7. The Nazis constructed a network of super-highways across Germany: partly to absorb unemployment, and partly to give German armoured columns rapid access to the frontiers in the event of war. What name was given to such roads?
[ ] Autobahns
[ ] Motorways
[ ] Highways
[ ] Autoroutes
8. Hitler split the German Protestant Church: half of it became a state church, and half of it an independent body ("bekennende Kirche"). What name is usually given in English to this breakaway entity, which was led by Pastor Martin Niemoller?
[ ] Lutheran Church
[ ] Reformed Church
[ ] Confessing or Confessional Church
[ ] Independent Protestant Church
9. Which famous female film maker produced a notorious film in 1935 called "Triumph of the Will"?
[ ] Leni Riefenstahl
[ ] Eva Braun
[ ] Winifried Wagner
[ ] Alice von Rosenberg
10. In 1935 the Nazis introduced racial laws, one of which forbade marriage or sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. Where were these new laws first announced?
[ ] Nuremberg
[ ] Munich
[ ] Berlin
[ ] Cologne
GCSE History Quiz - Germany: 1933-1945 - Nazi Control Of Germany Established, 1933-1935 (Answers)
1. What name was given to the 1933 agreement between Hitler and the Vatican, which outlined the role of the Roman Catholic Church under a Nazi state?
[ ] Encyclical
[x] Concordat
[ ] Papal Bull
[ ] Papal Treaty
Nearly half of all Germans claimed to be Catholics - especially along the Rhine, and in Bavaria in the south. Hitler wanted to eliminate possible opposition from the Catholic Church, and Rome wanted to protect its members from possible persecution
2. In June 1934 Hitler used his SS bodyguard to liquidate the leadership of the SA in the "Night of the Long Knives". Who was the leader of the SA who perished in this massacre?
[x] Ernst Rohm
[ ] Horst Wessel
[ ] Gregor Strasser
[ ] Otto Streicher
By 1934 the bloated SA had become a monster out of control, and was no longer required to terrorize anti-Nazi opposition. There was pressure from both the SS and the army to eliminate the SA hierarchy, who took the "socialist" side of the NSDAP rather too seriously
3. Which composer's work was showcased every year at the Bayreuth Festival, which Hitler attended annually?
[ ] Richard Strauss
[x] Richard Wagner
[ ] Anton Bruckner
[ ] Gustav Mahler
Hitler appreciated classical music, provided that the composer was not Jewish, and ideally could be identified as - in fact - anti-Semitic
4. In August 1934 President Hindenburg died. How did Hitler deal thereafter with the office of President?
[ ] The office was abolished, and the Hohenzollern monarchy was restored
[x] The office was merged with that of Chancellor
[ ] New elections were held according to the Weimar Constitution to choose a new President
[ ] Hitler appointed a figurehead President from among his Nazi cronies
The Weimar Constitution provided for an elected President, while monarchists hoped that the family of the Kaiser could provide a head of state. Hitler's colleagues hoped for some reward
5. After 1933 the Nazis built up strong party youth movements. What name was given to the main boys' organisation?
[x] Hitler Jugend
[ ] Nazi Jugend
[ ] NSDAP Jugend
[ ] Deutscher Jugend
A youth movement was important to the Nazis in order to carry the Nazi ideal on to the next generation
6. At a major Nazi rally in 1935 Hitler announced re-armament. Where did this event take place?
[ ] Berlin
[ ] Munich
[x] Nuremberg
[ ] Koenigsberg
A major Nazi rally took place annually in September, when Hitler would announce his policy proposals for the forthcoming year
7. The Nazis constructed a network of super-highways across Germany: partly to absorb unemployment, and partly to give German armoured columns rapid access to the frontiers in the event of war. What name was given to such roads?
[x] Autobahns
[ ] Motorways
[ ] Highways
[ ] Autoroutes
Some of the original surfaces still exist on sections of these roads. They consisted of concrete blocks joined together
8. Hitler split the German Protestant Church: half of it became a state church, and half of it an independent body ("bekennende Kirche"). What name is usually given in English to this breakaway entity, which was led by Pastor Martin Niemoller?
[ ] Lutheran Church
[ ] Reformed Church
[x] Confessing or Confessional Church
[ ] Independent Protestant Church
Half of Germans were Protestants, concentrated mainly in the north and east. Unlike the Catholics they were not influenced by any outside body
9. Which famous female film maker produced a notorious film in 1935 called "Triumph of the Will"?
[x] Leni Riefenstahl
[ ] Eva Braun
[ ] Winifried Wagner
[ ] Alice von Rosenberg
For many years this film was hard to obtain, as it was regarded as too pro-Nazi
10. In 1935 the Nazis introduced racial laws, one of which forbade marriage or sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. Where were these new laws first announced?
[x] Nuremberg
[ ] Munich
[ ] Berlin
[ ] Cologne
The Nazis had long campaigned against the Jews, of whom there were roughly half a million in Germany