GCSE History Quiz - Middle East: 1948-1999 - Origins Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict Up To 1948 (Questions)

One of the subjects that is covered in GCSE History is the Middle East during the period from 1948-1999. One aspect looked at is the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Unsurprisingly, the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict go back a long way. However, after the Great War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East, the problem intensified - to the point that the British (responsible for Palestine since the 1920s) evacuated Palestine as Israel's independence loomed. The consequences have plagued the Middle East ever since.

Learn more about how the Arab-Israeli conflict began in this informative quiz.

1. In 1916 a secret agreement was signed between Britain and France after the defeat of the Turks. Britain was to receive Palestine. What was the deal called?
[ ] The Hoare-Laval Pact
[ ] The Sykes-Picot Agreement
[ ] The Anglo-French Understanding
[ ] The Entente Cordiale
2. In 1917 the British government issued a declaration that encouraged the setting up of a "Jewish homeland" in Palestine, and at the same time promised to respect Palestinian rights. What was the declaration called?
[ ] The Lawrence Declaration
[ ] The Balfour Declaration
[ ] The Churchill Declaration
[ ] The Weizmann Declaration
3. Under what terms did Britain accept responsibility for Palestine after the Great War?
[ ] As a colony as part of the spoils of war enshrined in the Treaties of Sevres and Lausanne with Turkey
[ ] As a mandate from the League of Nations
[ ] As a gift from the Treaty of Versailles
[ ] In a referendum conducted within Palestine
4. In 1921 a Jewish paramilitary force was set up in Palestine, which soon exceeded its rivals in terms of numbers of volunteers. What was its name?
[ ] The Irgun
[ ] The Stern Gang
[ ] The Haganah
[ ] Shin Bet
5. In the 1930s and 1940s the spiritual leader of Palestine's Muslim Arab population, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, regularly met one of the European dictators. Which one?
[ ] Stalin
[ ] Mussolini
[ ] Hitler
[ ] Franco
6. In 1946 Jewish terrorists bombed a prominent building in Jerusalem, killing many Jews, Arabs and British. What was the building's name?
[ ] The David Hotel
[ ] The Temple Hotel
[ ] The King David Hotel
[ ] Hotel Jerusalem
7. Aware of British reluctance to bear the burden indefinitely, the United Nations came up with a plan for Palestine in 1948. What did this plan involve?
[ ] Jews to live within an Arab state, but to enjoy special rights
[ ] Arabs to live within a Jewish state, but to enjoy special rights
[ ] The 2 - state solution: a partition plan giving some parts to the new Israeli state, and the rest to a Palestinian state
[ ] Britain to remain nominally in charge, but UN forces to be stationed in Palestine in case of trouble
8. In 1948 the fighting intensified, after the declaration of the state of Israel, and a massacre took place at Deir Yassin. What happened?
[ ] Jewish terrorists murdered Arab civilians
[ ] Arab terrorists murdered Jewish civilians
[ ] British forces attacked a Jewish settlement
[ ] British forces attacked an Arab settlement
9. On the 14th of May 1948, the state of Israel was proclaimed. Which Israeli politician made the announcement?
[ ] Abba Eban
[ ] Moshe Dayan
[ ] Golda Meir
[ ] David Ben-Gurion
10. Which of the following Arab states was not involved in the 1948 First Arab-Israeli War?
[ ] Lebanon
[ ] Syria
[ ] Jordan
[ ] Saudi Arabia
GCSE History Quiz - Middle East: 1948-1999 - Origins Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict Up To 1948 (Answers)
1. In 1916 a secret agreement was signed between Britain and France after the defeat of the Turks. Britain was to receive Palestine. What was the deal called?
[ ] The Hoare-Laval Pact
[x] The Sykes-Picot Agreement
[ ] The Anglo-French Understanding
[ ] The Entente Cordiale
Palestine already had a mixed Jewish-Arab population. Palestinian Arabs feared the arrival of more Jews
2. In 1917 the British government issued a declaration that encouraged the setting up of a "Jewish homeland" in Palestine, and at the same time promised to respect Palestinian rights. What was the declaration called?
[ ] The Lawrence Declaration
[x] The Balfour Declaration
[ ] The Churchill Declaration
[ ] The Weizmann Declaration
This was to prove difficult to put into practice, as more Jews pressed to get into Palestine
3. Under what terms did Britain accept responsibility for Palestine after the Great War?
[ ] As a colony as part of the spoils of war enshrined in the Treaties of Sevres and Lausanne with Turkey
[x] As a mandate from the League of Nations
[ ] As a gift from the Treaty of Versailles
[ ] In a referendum conducted within Palestine
Britain would now have to reconcile Arab aspirations with Jewish ones. This would not be easy
4. In 1921 a Jewish paramilitary force was set up in Palestine, which soon exceeded its rivals in terms of numbers of volunteers. What was its name?
[ ] The Irgun
[ ] The Stern Gang
[x] The Haganah
[ ] Shin Bet
Palestinian Arabs responded by building up their own armed forces, giving the British supervisory power yet further headaches
5. In the 1930s and 1940s the spiritual leader of Palestine's Muslim Arab population, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, regularly met one of the European dictators. Which one?
[ ] Stalin
[ ] Mussolini
[x] Hitler
[ ] Franco
Clearly some Palestinians were so frustrated by British policy in their homeland that they were prepared to seek help elsewhere
6. In 1946 Jewish terrorists bombed a prominent building in Jerusalem, killing many Jews, Arabs and British. What was the building's name?
[ ] The David Hotel
[ ] The Temple Hotel
[x] The King David Hotel
[ ] Hotel Jerusalem
This atrocity shocked the world. Some in the British government wondered whether ruling Palestine was worth the candle
7. Aware of British reluctance to bear the burden indefinitely, the United Nations came up with a plan for Palestine in 1948. What did this plan involve?
[ ] Jews to live within an Arab state, but to enjoy special rights
[ ] Arabs to live within a Jewish state, but to enjoy special rights
[x] The 2 - state solution: a partition plan giving some parts to the new Israeli state, and the rest to a Palestinian state
[ ] Britain to remain nominally in charge, but UN forces to be stationed in Palestine in case of trouble
All of these suggestions involved compromise
8. In 1948 the fighting intensified, after the declaration of the state of Israel, and a massacre took place at Deir Yassin. What happened?
[x] Jewish terrorists murdered Arab civilians
[ ] Arab terrorists murdered Jewish civilians
[ ] British forces attacked a Jewish settlement
[ ] British forces attacked an Arab settlement
Whatever happened exactly at Deir Yassin, the massacre remains a source of bitterness
9. On the 14th of May 1948, the state of Israel was proclaimed. Which Israeli politician made the announcement?
[ ] Abba Eban
[ ] Moshe Dayan
[ ] Golda Meir
[x] David Ben-Gurion
The new state was immediately attacked by several of its Arab neighbours
10. Which of the following Arab states was not involved in the 1948 First Arab-Israeli War?
[ ] Lebanon
[ ] Syria
[ ] Jordan
[x] Saudi Arabia
Despite this onslaught Israel prevailed - until the next time