GCSE History Quiz - Middle East: 1948-1999 - The Wars Of 1956, 1967 And 1973 (Questions)

As a part of GCSE History students will look at the Middle East during the period from 1948-1999. Amongst the topics studied are the wars of 1956, 1967 and 1973.

In the absence of a comprehensive peace in the Middle East, more wars were to be expected in attempts to reverse the verdict of the 1948 war. Wars did indeed follow, in 1956, 1967 and again in 1973. After successes for Israel in 1956 and 1967, the Arab states did best in the 1973 war. Subsequently, serious talks took place with Egypt.

Test your knowledge of the Arab-Israeli Wars of the Middle East in this quiz.

1. In 1956, in collusion with Britain and France, Israel attacked Egypt across which desert region?
[ ] The Gaza Strip
[ ] The Negev
[ ] The Nafud
[ ] The Sinai
2. The UN interposed UNEF units between the warring powers after the end of the 1956 War. What does UNEF stand for?
[ ] United Nations Emergency Force
[ ] United Nations Expeditionary Force
[ ] United Nations Extra Force
[ ] United Nations Engagement Force
3. In 1964 Palestinian militants set up a formal organisation to confront Israel. What was this body called?
[ ] The Palestinian People's Front
[ ] The Front for the Total Liberation of Palestine
[ ] The People's Liberation Organisation
[ ] The Palestine Liberation Organisation
4. In 1967 Egypt began a blockade of the Straits of Tiran, thus denying Israel access to which vital waterway?
[ ] The Suez Canal
[ ] The Gulf of Suez
[ ] The Gulf of Aquaba
[ ] The Gulf of Eilat
5. In 1967 a fresh war erupted. By what name is it usually known?
[ ] The 1967 War
[ ] The Six Day War
[ ] The Third Middle East War
[ ] The Third Arab-Israeli War
6. Which of the following territorial gains from 1967 does Israel still hold?
[ ] The Sinai Desert
[ ] The Gaza Strip
[ ] The Golan Heights
[ ] The East Bank of the Jordan
7. In 1970 Palestinian paramilitaries were forced to leave his territory by which Arab leader?
[ ] King Saud of Saudi Arabia
[ ] King Hussein of Jordan
[ ] Colonel Gadaafi of Libya
[ ] President Sadat of Egypt
8. In 1973 the final war of the four erupted. This was known as the Yom Kippur War, named after an important Jewish religious festival. By what English name is this day better known?
[ ] Passover
[ ] The Day of Atonement
[ ] The Day of Wrath
[ ] The Day of Masada
9. In 1972 an outrage by Palestinian militants horrified the world, when several Israeli Olympic athletes were murdered. Where did this incident occur?
[ ] Vienna
[ ] Bonn
[ ] Cologne
[ ] Munich
10. Which important state provided weapons on a vast scale to Arab states, especially to Egypt and Syria?
[ ] China
[ ] France
[ ] The Soviet Union
[ ] Britain
GCSE History Quiz - Middle East: 1948-1999 - The Wars Of 1956, 1967 And 1973 (Answers)
1. In 1956, in collusion with Britain and France, Israel attacked Egypt across which desert region?
[ ] The Gaza Strip
[ ] The Negev
[ ] The Nafud
[x] The Sinai
UN forces intervened and Israel had to pull back from the Suez Canal - for the time being
2. The UN interposed UNEF units between the warring powers after the end of the 1956 War. What does UNEF stand for?
[x] United Nations Emergency Force
[ ] United Nations Expeditionary Force
[ ] United Nations Extra Force
[ ] United Nations Engagement Force
This force remained in place until 1967, when President Nasser of Egypt demanded its removal
3. In 1964 Palestinian militants set up a formal organisation to confront Israel. What was this body called?
[ ] The Palestinian People's Front
[ ] The Front for the Total Liberation of Palestine
[ ] The People's Liberation Organisation
[x] The Palestine Liberation Organisation
There were several such groups, but this was by far the largest
4. In 1967 Egypt began a blockade of the Straits of Tiran, thus denying Israel access to which vital waterway?
[ ] The Suez Canal
[ ] The Gulf of Suez
[x] The Gulf of Aquaba
[ ] The Gulf of Eilat
This was a serious blow for Israel, as it threatened her trade. Israel regarded it as virtually an act of war
5. In 1967 a fresh war erupted. By what name is it usually known?
[ ] The 1967 War
[x] The Six Day War
[ ] The Third Middle East War
[ ] The Third Arab-Israeli War
The Israelis destroyed their adversaries' air forces on the ground
6. Which of the following territorial gains from 1967 does Israel still hold?
[ ] The Sinai Desert
[ ] The Gaza Strip
[x] The Golan Heights
[ ] The East Bank of the Jordan
Israel believes in holding these last vestiges of its gains as bargaining chips for future talks
7. In 1970 Palestinian paramilitaries were forced to leave his territory by which Arab leader?
[ ] King Saud of Saudi Arabia
[x] King Hussein of Jordan
[ ] Colonel Gadaafi of Libya
[ ] President Sadat of Egypt
Wherever these Palestinian fighters went there was likely to be trouble
8. In 1973 the final war of the four erupted. This was known as the Yom Kippur War, named after an important Jewish religious festival. By what English name is this day better known?
[ ] Passover
[x] The Day of Atonement
[ ] The Day of Wrath
[ ] The Day of Masada
The day was chosen by the Egyptians, who thought that this was an opportunity for a surprise attack, as most Israelis would be pre-occupied by their religious duties
9. In 1972 an outrage by Palestinian militants horrified the world, when several Israeli Olympic athletes were murdered. Where did this incident occur?
[ ] Vienna
[ ] Bonn
[ ] Cologne
[x] Munich
After this the Israeli authorities stepped up security even more
10. Which important state provided weapons on a vast scale to Arab states, especially to Egypt and Syria?
[ ] China
[ ] France
[x] The Soviet Union
[ ] Britain
This country always refused to supply arms to Israel