KS2 History Quiz - Romans in Britain (Questions)

A major part of KS2 history is about the Roman Empire. This is the last of four quizzes on the subject and it looks in particular at Ancient Roman culture in Great Britain.

The Romans invaded and settled in Great Britain almost two thousand years ago, making the Celtic tribes who lived here a part of their vast Empire. The Ancient Romans referred to Britain as Britannia. But life in Britain got better for some of the people under Roman rule. The invaders introduced new developments to the country in agriculture, urbanisation, industry and architecture. There are still many Roman roads throughout the land today. They also brought with them many aspects of their culture such as their language and their religion. One of the main advantages of being a part of the Roman Empire was the defence it offered from other invaders like the Anglo-Saxons.

Take this quiz to find out what you know about the Ancient Romans in Britain and the effect they had on the culture here.

1. Who lived in Britain before the Romans?
[ ] The Anglo-Saxons
[ ] The Normans
[ ] The Celts
[ ] The Vikings
2. Who was the first Roman to attempt to invade Britain in 55 BCE?
[ ] Claudius
[ ] Caesar
[ ] Nero
[ ] Hadrian
3. When did Claudius invade Britain?
[ ] 43 CE
[ ] 43 BCE
[ ] 55 CE
[ ] 55 BCE
4. Who was the queen of the Iceni tribe that revolted against the Romans?
[ ] Caratacus
[ ] Boudicca
[ ] Cartimandua
[ ] Paulinus
5. What was the name of the people living in what later became Scotland?
[ ] Saxons
[ ] Picts
[ ] Goths
[ ] Vandals
6. Who ordered the building of a wall between what is now England and Scotland?
[ ] Hadrian
[ ] Nero
[ ] Claudius
[ ] Caesar
7. What did the Romans call York?
[ ] Eboracum
[ ] Jorvik
[ ] Londinium
[ ] Aquae Sulis
8. Which was NOT built by Romans?
[ ] Amphitheatres
[ ] Roads
[ ] Towns
[ ] Castles
9. Who were the people trying to invade Roman Britain from the sea?
[ ] Huns
[ ] Vandals
[ ] Saxons
[ ] Picts
10. When did the Romans leave Britain?
[ ] 200 CE
[ ] 350CE
[ ] 410 CE
[ ] 1066 CE

 

KS2 History Quiz - Romans in Britain (Answers)
1. Who lived in Britain before the Romans?
[ ] The Anglo-Saxons
[ ] The Normans
[x] The Celts
[ ] The Vikings
The Anglo-Saxons invaded after the Romans had left. The Vikings invaded two centuries later and the Normans, the last successful invaders, came here in 1066
2. Who was the first Roman to attempt to invade Britain in 55 BCE?
[ ] Claudius
[x] Caesar
[ ] Nero
[ ] Hadrian
Despite what many people think, Caesar was never Rome's Emperor - his adopted son Augustus was the first Roman Emperor
3. When did Claudius invade Britain?
[x] 43 CE
[ ] 43 BCE
[ ] 55 CE
[ ] 55 BCE
A triumphal arch was built in Rome to honour Claudius's invasion of Britain
4. Who was the queen of the Iceni tribe that revolted against the Romans?
[ ] Caratacus
[x] Boudicca
[ ] Cartimandua
[ ] Paulinus
Boudicca managed to burn London, Colchester and St Albans before being defeated by the Romans
5. What was the name of the people living in what later became Scotland?
[ ] Saxons
[x] Picts
[ ] Goths
[ ] Vandals
Scotland is named after the Scotti, another Celtic tribe who invaded from Ireland
6. Who ordered the building of a wall between what is now England and Scotland?
[x] Hadrian
[ ] Nero
[ ] Claudius
[ ] Caesar
Some parts of the wall still stand today
7. What did the Romans call York?
[x] Eboracum
[ ] Jorvik
[ ] Londinium
[ ] Aquae Sulis
Eboracum is thought to mean "place of the yew trees". Jorvik is what the Vikings called York, Aquae Sulis was the Roman name for Bath and Londinium was London
8. Which was NOT built by Romans?
[ ] Amphitheatres
[ ] Roads
[ ] Towns
[x] Castles
Romans preferred to live in villas with central heating and baths
9. Who were the people trying to invade Roman Britain from the sea?
[ ] Huns
[ ] Vandals
[x] Saxons
[ ] Picts
The Saxons, together with the Angles and the Jutes, invaded after the Romans left Britain and founded the country of England
10. When did the Romans leave Britain?
[ ] 200 CE
[ ] 350CE
[x] 410 CE
[ ] 1066 CE
In 410 the Britons asked the Roman Emperor for help to defend them from Anglo-Saxon invaders, but he refused