KS3 Geography Quiz - Case Study Australia 01 (Questions)

This KS3 Geography quiz asks questions about Australia. For at least 40,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians distinguished as either Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders. They lived in hunter-gatherer communities and lived off the land. As with the majority of indigenous people, they lived sustainably and developed.

Australia has a lot of mineral resources, including gold. It also proved to be suitable for raising cattle and sheep. When the early settlers from Europe found gold, diamonds and other precious gemstones, they drove the native Australians from their lands. The same happened as large farms (first mainly sheep and then later, cattle) were developed. Some of the Aboriginals were killed and some died from diseases brought over by the settlers to which they had no resistance. As more settlers arrived, the main cities grew around the natural harbours.

1. Which mountain range lies in south-east Australia?
[ ] Australian Alps
[ ] Australian Andes
[ ] Australian Himalayas
[ ] Australian Pennines
2. What is found around Australia's northern coast?
[ ] Desert
[ ] Ice sheets
[ ] Tropical grassland
[ ] Tropical rainforest
3. Which is Australia's only major inland city?
[ ] Brisbane
[ ] Canberra
[ ] Perth
[ ] Sydney
4. Most of Australia's cities grew around what?
[ ] Forests
[ ] Lakes
[ ] Natural harbours
[ ] Volcanoes
5. Australia's native people have what name?
[ ] Aboriginals
[ ] Ainu
[ ] Bruce
[ ] Maoris
6. In the 18th century Britain sent what type of people to Australia?
[ ] Convicts
[ ] Naughty schoolchildren
[ ] Policemen
[ ] Politicians
7. Which region has the highest population density?
[ ] North coast
[ ] North-west coast
[ ] South-east coast
[ ] The centre
8. Australia is the world's largest exporter of what?
[ ] Coffee
[ ] Diamonds
[ ] Tin
[ ] Wool
9. Why do very few people live in central Australia?
[ ] It has a desert climate
[ ] It is an earthquake zone
[ ] The shops are expensive
[ ] There are too many poisonous spiders
10. The Kimberley region is known for mining which of the following?
[ ] Bauxite
[ ] Coal
[ ] Diamonds
[ ] Iron ore
KS3 Geography Quiz - Case Study Australia 01 (Answers)
1. Which mountain range lies in south-east Australia?
[x] Australian Alps
[ ] Australian Andes
[ ] Australian Himalayas
[ ] Australian Pennines
Mount Kosciuszko, Australia's highest peak at 2,228 metres (7,310 ft) above sea level, is part of this mountain range
2. What is found around Australia's northern coast?
[ ] Desert
[ ] Ice sheets
[ ] Tropical grassland
[x] Tropical rainforest
A result of the heavy rainfall and high temperatures
3. Which is Australia's only major inland city?
[ ] Brisbane
[x] Canberra
[ ] Perth
[ ] Sydney
It is a purpose-built capital city that dates from the early part of the 20th century
4. Most of Australia's cities grew around what?
[ ] Forests
[ ] Lakes
[x] Natural harbours
[ ] Volcanoes
Very important for trade with other countries
5. Australia's native people have what name?
[x] Aboriginals
[ ] Ainu
[ ] Bruce
[ ] Maoris
They probably migrated to Australia from Asia approx. 50,000 years ago
6. In the 18th century Britain sent what type of people to Australia?
[x] Convicts
[ ] Naughty schoolchildren
[ ] Policemen
[ ] Politicians
The penal colony was set up at Botany Bay
7. Which region has the highest population density?
[ ] North coast
[ ] North-west coast
[x] South-east coast
[ ] The centre
The cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra are located here
8. Australia is the world's largest exporter of what?
[ ] Coffee
[ ] Diamonds
[ ] Tin
[x] Wool
The sheep ranches are much larger than sheep farms in Britain
9. Why do very few people live in central Australia?
[x] It has a desert climate
[ ] It is an earthquake zone
[ ] The shops are expensive
[ ] There are too many poisonous spiders
Temperatures can reach 50°C in summer!
10. The Kimberley region is known for mining which of the following?
[ ] Bauxite
[ ] Coal
[x] Diamonds
[ ] Iron ore
Kimberley is in the north-west of the country. Just to confuse everyone, there is another famous Kimberley in South Africa, also famous for mining diamonds!