KS3 History Quiz - The Cold War 02 (Questions)

See how much you know about the Cold War in this KS3 History quiz. Behind the 'Iron Curtain', Stalin's Soviet Union controlled Eastern Europe by various means - secret police, murders of political opponents and a one-party (Communist) state. A common punishment was to send political prisoners to work in the salt mines in Siberia. Conditions there were very harsh and many people sent there died.

The Soviets built up their stock of arms and had a huge army. This was a great worry to the western democracies. Most countries did not have sufficient soldiers or weapons to stand up to a Soviet invasion. This lead to the formation of NATO - the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. The alliance guarantees that if one country is attacked, the others will all come together to help. The communist nations formed their own alliance called the Warsaw Pact. After the end of the Cold War, many of the former Eastern Bloc countries have now joined NATO. The first three of these were Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic.

1. Russia refused any part in which American aid programme?
[ ] Kennedy Plan
[ ] Marshall Plan
[ ] Mitchell Plan
[ ] Sherriff Plan
2. What was set up in 1949 to protect the world from Communism?
[ ] NATO
[ ] SEATO
[ ] UNICEF
[ ] WHO
3. What does 'NA' stand for in NATO?
[ ] Newly Authorised
[ ] Non-Aggressive
[ ] North Atlantic
[ ] Northern Association
4. The USSR set up which rival organisation in 1955?
[ ] Berlin Agreement
[ ] Budapest League
[ ] Prague Council
[ ] Warsaw Pact
5. NATO and the Warsaw Pact built more and better what?
[ ] Air raid shelters
[ ] Aircraft carriers
[ ] Army barracks
[ ] Nuclear weapons
6. For almost a year, from mid-1948, Russia blockaded which city?
[ ] Brussels
[ ] Paris
[ ] Vienna
[ ] West Berlin
7. In 1952 the USA tested which bomb?
[ ] Atomic bomb
[ ] Helium bomb
[ ] Hydrogen bomb
[ ] Nitrogen bomb
8. The Berlin Wall was built in which year?
[ ] 1959
[ ] 1961
[ ] 1963
[ ] 1965
9. Which Soviet leader ordered the Wall to be built?
[ ] Brezhnev
[ ] Khrushchev
[ ] Kosygin
[ ] Malenkov
10. Who visited Berlin and vowed to protect freedom?
[ ] Charles de Gaulle
[ ] Harold Macmillan
[ ] John F. Kennedy
[ ] Spiro Agnew
KS3 History Quiz - The Cold War 02 (Answers)
1. Russia refused any part in which American aid programme?
[ ] Kennedy Plan
[x] Marshall Plan
[ ] Mitchell Plan
[ ] Sherriff Plan
It aimed to help European recovery after WW2
2. What was set up in 1949 to protect the world from Communism?
[x] NATO
[ ] SEATO
[ ] UNICEF
[ ] WHO
Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has become a peacekeeping force, particularly in Eastern Europe
3. What does 'NA' stand for in NATO?
[ ] Newly Authorised
[ ] Non-Aggressive
[x] North Atlantic
[ ] Northern Association
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
4. The USSR set up which rival organisation in 1955?
[ ] Berlin Agreement
[ ] Budapest League
[ ] Prague Council
[x] Warsaw Pact
Made up of all the Eastern European Communist countries
5. NATO and the Warsaw Pact built more and better what?
[ ] Air raid shelters
[ ] Aircraft carriers
[ ] Army barracks
[x] Nuclear weapons
This became known as the 'arms race'
6. For almost a year, from mid-1948, Russia blockaded which city?
[ ] Brussels
[ ] Paris
[ ] Vienna
[x] West Berlin
Road and rail links with the west were cut
7. In 1952 the USA tested which bomb?
[ ] Atomic bomb
[ ] Helium bomb
[x] Hydrogen bomb
[ ] Nitrogen bomb
A year later Russia developed its own H-bomb
8. The Berlin Wall was built in which year?
[ ] 1959
[x] 1961
[ ] 1963
[ ] 1965
To stop East Germans leaving for the west - anyone trying to escape was shot
9. Which Soviet leader ordered the Wall to be built?
[ ] Brezhnev
[x] Khrushchev
[ ] Kosygin
[ ] Malenkov
He took power in 1953 after Stalin's death
10. Who visited Berlin and vowed to protect freedom?
[ ] Charles de Gaulle
[ ] Harold Macmillan
[x] John F. Kennedy
[ ] Spiro Agnew
He said, "Ich bin ein Berliner" meaning "I am one with the people of Berlin"