KS3 History Quiz - The Cold War 04 (Questions)

This KS3 History quiz takes a final look at the Cold War. Luckily for us, wars between the two superpowers were proxy wars. In other words, they were not fighting directly - they supported opposing sides in wars like the Korean war in 1950s, the Vietnam war, which began in 1965 and the Chinese civil war. The Vietnam war was particularly controversial. The communist rebels fought a geurrilla war. They hid themselves among the local population so it was difficult for the American forces to see who were soldiers and who were civilians. They bombed using napalm (a substance that is on fire and sticks to people and objects like buildings). They used a toxic chemical called Agent Orange which made the leaves fall off the trees in the jungle so they could see where the communists were hiding. There were many protests in the USA to end the Vietnam war.

During the 1980s, the Soviets realised that they would never win the Afghan war. Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the USSR. He opened talks with the USA to limit nuclear arms and started to reform the Soviet system, allowing greater human rights and business competition instead of state control.

1. What was North Vietnam's regular army called?
[ ] AVNC
[ ] CANV
[ ] NVAR
[ ] PAVN
2. The Vietcong were what sort of fighting force?
[ ] Dad's army
[ ] Gorilla army
[ ] Guerrilla army
[ ] Territorial army
3. The USA used which huge bomber planes in Vietnam?
[ ] A-47s
[ ] B-52s
[ ] C-63s
[ ] D-33s
4. In Vietnam the USA used which substance that burns skin?
[ ] CS Gas
[ ] Napalm
[ ] Pepper spray
[ ] Semtex
5. Which of the following is the name of a chemical weapon used by the USA during the Vietnam war?
[ ] Agent Lemon
[ ] Agent Lime
[ ] Agent Orange
[ ] Agent Strawberry
6. Over 100 innocent people were massacred in which Vietnamese village?
[ ] Hai Tai
[ ] Jai Nai
[ ] Kai Pai
[ ] Mai Lai
7. In the 1980s, Russia was almost bankrupted by an invasion of which country?
[ ] Afghanistan
[ ] Iran
[ ] Iraq
[ ] Kazakhstan
8. In 1989 free elections in Poland were won by which trade union?
[ ] Glasnost
[ ] Liberation
[ ] Polarity
[ ] Solidarity
9. The communist leader Ceaucescu was overthrown where in 1989?
[ ] Bulgaria
[ ] Czechoslovakia
[ ] Hungary
[ ] Romania
10. The Cold War ended when which president allowed free elections in Russia?
[ ] Andropov
[ ] Chernenko
[ ] Gorbachev
[ ] Gromyko
KS3 History Quiz - The Cold War 04 (Answers)
1. What was North Vietnam's regular army called?
[ ] AVNC
[ ] CANV
[ ] NVAR
[x] PAVN
It stood for People's Army of North Vietnam. You would think that the acronym would be PANV but it is actually PAVN
2. The Vietcong were what sort of fighting force?
[ ] Dad's army
[ ] Gorilla army
[x] Guerrilla army
[ ] Territorial army
They did not wear uniforms
3. The USA used which huge bomber planes in Vietnam?
[ ] A-47s
[x] B-52s
[ ] C-63s
[ ] D-33s
It was a B-52 bomber that dropped the first atomic bomb
4. In Vietnam the USA used which substance that burns skin?
[ ] CS Gas
[x] Napalm
[ ] Pepper spray
[ ] Semtex
It was first used against buildings but later in the war, it was used directly on people
5. Which of the following is the name of a chemical weapon used by the USA during the Vietnam war?
[ ] Agent Lemon
[ ] Agent Lime
[x] Agent Orange
[ ] Agent Strawberry
It caused damage to the body and destroyed trees
6. Over 100 innocent people were massacred in which Vietnamese village?
[ ] Hai Tai
[ ] Jai Nai
[ ] Kai Pai
[x] Mai Lai
An American officer was found guilty of war crimes
7. In the 1980s, Russia was almost bankrupted by an invasion of which country?
[x] Afghanistan
[ ] Iran
[ ] Iraq
[ ] Kazakhstan
It led to USSR's military withdrawal from Eastern Europe
8. In 1989 free elections in Poland were won by which trade union?
[ ] Glasnost
[ ] Liberation
[ ] Polarity
[x] Solidarity
The union was led by Lech Walesa who later became president of Poland
9. The communist leader Ceaucescu was overthrown where in 1989?
[ ] Bulgaria
[ ] Czechoslovakia
[ ] Hungary
[x] Romania
He and his wife were executed on Christmas Day
10. The Cold War ended when which president allowed free elections in Russia?
[ ] Andropov
[ ] Chernenko
[x] Gorbachev
[ ] Gromyko
The communists were driven from power in Eastern Europe