History: Elementary School: Grades 3, 4 and 5 Quiz - Maya (Questions)

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The Maya are best known for the stepped pyramids they built and their calendar, among other things. The Maya civilization developed around 1500 BCE. Over the years the Maya created many kingdoms and small empires in what is now South-Eastern Mexico and some smaller countries in Central America. They built huge palaces and temples, and developed a hieroglyphic writing system similar to that used by the Ancient Egyptians. Their pyramids and their hieroglyphs are both like those of Egypt but the two civilisations are separated by thousands of years and thousands of miles of ocean.

1. Where did the Mayans live?
[ ] Egypt
[ ] Italy
[ ] Mexico
[ ] Canada
2. Which was not a food of the Maya?
[ ] Black beans
[ ] Coffee
[ ] Cocoa
[ ] Maize
3. What are the Mayans famous for building?
[ ] Pyramids
[ ] Amphitheatres
[ ] Cathedrals
[ ] Temples
4. What was the Mayan name for a year?
[ ] Annual
[ ] Kin
[ ] Jahr
[ ] Yil
5. What was the name for Mayan writing?
[ ] Runes
[ ] Hieroglyphs
[ ] Cuneiform
[ ] Alphabet
6. What did Mayans make books from?
[ ] Papyrus
[ ] Silk
[ ] Tree bark
[ ] Animal skin
7. What did the Mayans consider the most precious material?
[ ] Gold
[ ] Silver
[ ] Jade
[ ] Diamond
8. Which is the most famous Mayan city?
[ ] Palenque
[ ] Tikal
[ ] Merida
[ ] Chichen Itza
9. When did the Maya begin to decline?
[ ] 900 BCE
[ ] 100 BCE
[ ] 100 CE
[ ] 900 CE
10. Who conquered the Maya?
[ ] The Aztecs
[ ] The Russians
[ ] The British
[ ] The Spanish
History: Elementary School: Grades 3, 4 and 5 Quiz - Maya (Answers)
1. Where did the Mayans live?
[ ] Egypt
[ ] Italy
[x] Mexico
[ ] Canada
The Mayans lived in what is now South-Eastern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and the western parts of Honduras and El Salvador
2. Which was not a food of the Maya?
[ ] Black beans
[x] Coffee
[ ] Cocoa
[ ] Maize
Coffee originated in Africa, not the Americas
3. What are the Mayans famous for building?
[x] Pyramids
[ ] Amphitheatres
[ ] Cathedrals
[ ] Temples
They had never seen the Egyptian ones so they cannot have copied
4. What was the Mayan name for a year?
[ ] Annual
[x] Kin
[ ] Jahr
[ ] Yil
The Mayan developed their own calendar
5. What was the name for Mayan writing?
[ ] Runes
[x] Hieroglyphs
[ ] Cuneiform
[ ] Alphabet
Hieroglyphic writing was developed by the Mayans before the 3rd century BC and was the most advanced form of writing in the Americas before Europeans settled there
6. What did Mayans make books from?
[ ] Papyrus
[ ] Silk
[x] Tree bark
[ ] Animal skin
The bark was processed into a kind of paper called amatl
7. What did the Mayans consider the most precious material?
[ ] Gold
[ ] Silver
[x] Jade
[ ] Diamond
Jade was used to make jewelry and religious objects
8. Which is the most famous Mayan city?
[ ] Palenque
[ ] Tikal
[ ] Merida
[x] Chichen Itza
The ruins of Chichen Itza still exist and are visited by over a million people a year
9. When did the Maya begin to decline?
[ ] 900 BCE
[ ] 100 BCE
[ ] 100 CE
[x] 900 CE
No one knows why some of the Mayan cities began to decline
10. Who conquered the Maya?
[ ] The Aztecs
[ ] The Russians
[ ] The British
[x] The Spanish
The Spanish first arrived in the Yucatan in 1517