English Language: High School: 9th and 10th Grade Quiz - Bias (Questions)

This English Language quiz is called 'Bias' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at high school. Playing educational quizzes is a user-friendly way to learn if you are in the 9th or 10th grade - aged 14 to 16.

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At the simplest level, 'bias' expresses the difference between fact and opinion. But texts are not always so simple - writers can make a highly-opinionated piece appear factual, or can choose to present facts and statistics in a selective, biased manner. Learning to spot bias will make you a careful, critical reader.

Test your awareness of bias by trying this English revision quiz.

1. Which of the following statements is NOT a fact?
[ ] The number of wind farms either planned and approved or already in existence in Wales totals 73
[ ] Wind turbines, some of which are 127m in height, are a blot upon the natural landscape
[ ] Some of the newest turbines exceed the height of any other structures in Wales
[ ] Protesters argue that large-scale wind farms could be detrimental to tourism
2. Which of the following statements shows bias?
[ ] Temperatures rose today by as much as five degrees
[ ] An inch of rain fell in a 24-hour period
[ ] Last weekend's festival was a wash-out
[ ] Several performances and exhibitions were canceled at the weekend due to persistent rainfall
3. What does it mean to 'substantiate' a statement?
[ ] To rephrase the statement
[ ] To make a judgment about the statement
[ ] To offer an opinion
[ ] To support the statement with evidence
4. A statement of fact...
[ ] can be true or false
[ ] can only be true
[ ] can only be false
[ ] may contain bias
5. 'Those who will not admit to the existence of climate change continue driving everywhere, spewing toxic gasses into the environment.' - Bias is evident in which parts of this sentence?
[ ] Those, will not, continue driving
[ ] will not, existence, climate change
[ ] admit, spewing, toxic
[ ] driving, everywhere, environment
6. 'Litter louts, who fling their greasy fast-food packaging down in the high street might as well be harboring the rats their filthy habits attract.' - Bias is evident in which parts of this sentence?
[ ] Litter louts, greasy, high street
[ ] fling, packaging, rats
[ ] Litter louts, habits, attract
[ ] Litter louts, fling, might as well, harboring, filthy
7. 'Dr. Howard, lecturer in Nutrition at Anytown University, has shown that taking a daily fish oil supplement improves children's attainment in school by 20%. ' - What form does bias take in this sentence?
[ ] This is an example of an appeal to popularity
[ ] This is an example of a misleading fact
[ ] This is an example of an appeal to authority
[ ] There is no bias evident in this sentence
8. Which of the following is an example of a misleading fact?
[ ] The newspaper's film reviewer awarded the new release four stars
[ ] Nine percent of all high school pupils received an A* in last summer's exams
[ ] Tickets to the concert sold out within hours of being released
[ ] 90% of dentists say they would recommend Shinyclean toothpaste to their patients
9. 'Young people just don't have the opportunity to get enough exercise these days and this is beginning to show in the increase in weight-related problems among this age group.' - What might be the writer's motive in making this claim?
[ ] The writer might be promoting a new gym aimed specifically at young people
[ ] The writer could be advertising a range of indulgent snack foods
[ ] The writer could be concerned about the recent 'dumbing down' of exams
[ ] The writer might be advertising a new comedy aimed at young people
10. 'As everyone knows, alcohol damages the developing brain. What is less-commonly known, however, is that the human brain continues to develop until the age of 20.' Where would you expect to find this combination of fact and opinion?
[ ] A wine-taster's manual
[ ] A website warning of the dangers of under-age drinking and alcohol abuse
[ ] A magazine article describing a visit to a whisky distillery
[ ] An advert warning of the dangers of drunk driving
English Language: High School: 9th and 10th Grade Quiz - Bias (Answers)
1. Which of the following statements is NOT a fact?
[ ] The number of wind farms either planned and approved or already in existence in Wales totals 73
[x] Wind turbines, some of which are 127m in height, are a blot upon the natural landscape
[ ] Some of the newest turbines exceed the height of any other structures in Wales
[ ] Protesters argue that large-scale wind farms could be detrimental to tourism
Describing anything as a 'blot upon the landscape' is an example of emotive language and can only be an opinion, rather than a fact
2. Which of the following statements shows bias?
[ ] Temperatures rose today by as much as five degrees
[ ] An inch of rain fell in a 24-hour period
[x] Last weekend's festival was a wash-out
[ ] Several performances and exhibitions were canceled at the weekend due to persistent rainfall
3. What does it mean to 'substantiate' a statement?
[ ] To rephrase the statement
[ ] To make a judgment about the statement
[ ] To offer an opinion
[x] To support the statement with evidence
A writer can substantiate a statement of fact or an opinion by providing evidence in support
4. A statement of fact...
[x] can be true or false
[ ] can only be true
[ ] can only be false
[ ] may contain bias
A statement of fact can be proven to be true or false (when false, these statements are sometimes called 'false facts' or 'false claims'). A statement of fact will not include any bias in itself, but may be used to support a biased statement
5. 'Those who will not admit to the existence of climate change continue driving everywhere, spewing toxic gasses into the environment.' - Bias is evident in which parts of this sentence?
[ ] Those, will not, continue driving
[ ] will not, existence, climate change
[x] admit, spewing, toxic
[ ] driving, everywhere, environment
A non-biased way of making the same point could be: 'Those who have not been convinced by the arguments for the existence of climate change show no change to their driving habits'
6. 'Litter louts, who fling their greasy fast-food packaging down in the high street might as well be harboring the rats their filthy habits attract.' - Bias is evident in which parts of this sentence?
[ ] Litter louts, greasy, high street
[ ] fling, packaging, rats
[ ] Litter louts, habits, attract
[x] Litter louts, fling, might as well, harboring, filthy
7. 'Dr. Howard, lecturer in Nutrition at Anytown University, has shown that taking a daily fish oil supplement improves children's attainment in school by 20%. ' - What form does bias take in this sentence?
[ ] This is an example of an appeal to popularity
[ ] This is an example of a misleading fact
[x] This is an example of an appeal to authority
[ ] There is no bias evident in this sentence
If reporting on Dr. Howard's findings, the author would need to make bias explicit by using a phrase such as 'According to Dr. Howard' or 'Dr. Howard claims'
8. Which of the following is an example of a misleading fact?
[ ] The newspaper's film reviewer awarded the new release four stars
[ ] Nine percent of all high school pupils received an A* in last summer's exams
[ ] Tickets to the concert sold out within hours of being released
[x] 90% of dentists say they would recommend Shinyclean toothpaste to their patients
The statement which does not specify exactly which group of dentists (and how many) were surveyed is misleading. It might be a fact, but does not tell the reader any useful information. As few as ten dentists could have been surveyed - and the nine who agreed could have received a payment or free holiday in return for promoting the toothpaste!
9. 'Young people just don't have the opportunity to get enough exercise these days and this is beginning to show in the increase in weight-related problems among this age group.' - What might be the writer's motive in making this claim?
[x] The writer might be promoting a new gym aimed specifically at young people
[ ] The writer could be advertising a range of indulgent snack foods
[ ] The writer could be concerned about the recent 'dumbing down' of exams
[ ] The writer might be advertising a new comedy aimed at young people
10. 'As everyone knows, alcohol damages the developing brain. What is less-commonly known, however, is that the human brain continues to develop until the age of 20.' Where would you expect to find this combination of fact and opinion?
[ ] A wine-taster's manual
[x] A website warning of the dangers of under-age drinking and alcohol abuse
[ ] A magazine article describing a visit to a whisky distillery
[ ] An advert warning of the dangers of drunk driving