English Language: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Subject and Predicates (Questions)

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This quiz, Subject and Predicates, looks at descriptions. When writing a sentence, the subject tells us about whom or what the sentence is about. On the other hand, the predicate tells us something about the subject. Here are some examples:

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In our history class today we learned about Benjamin Franklin. (Benjamin Franklin is the subject that they were learning about.)

He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and he wanted the turkey to be the bird of the new country.

These two highlighted sections are predicates as they are telling us something about the subject, i.e., Benjamin Franklin.

Predicate Nominative: A predicate nominative is a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb to further describe or rename the subject in a sentence. A linking verb does not express an action but, rather, connects the subject to additional information in the sentence about the subject. For example, if you were to say “Mr. Smith is the Principal,” the verb “is” is a linking verb because it connects Mr. Smith with being the Principal.

Now, in order to find the predicate nominative, you need to locate the noun that comes after the linking verb. In the sentence above, the noun that comes after the linking verb is “Principal.”

Predicate Adjective: A predicate adjective is simply an adjective that modifies the subject of a sentence. Again, a linking verb needs to be used. Here is an example: “The roses are red.” “The roses” are the subject of the sentence and “red” is the adjective as it describes the rose. However, as the word “red” comes after a linking verb, in this case “are”, it is a predicate adjective.

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For each sentence below, determine if the underlined word or words is the subject, the predicate, the predicate nominative or the predicate adjective.

1. Weston was elected Class President.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
2. The neighbor’s dog barked all night long.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
3. They went to see Wicked at the new theater.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
4. The Bible is old.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
5. The surgeon operated on me for three hours.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
6. Michael is the new champion!
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
7. The museum was full of artifacts from around the world.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
8. The school bus was late.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
9. Jane is going to be married on Saturday.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
10. Bees do an amazing job of pollinating everything in my garden.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
English Language: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Subject and Predicates (Answers)
1. Weston was elected Class President.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[x] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
A predicate nominative is a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb. It is used to further describe or rename the subject in a sentence. In this sentence “Weston” is the subject. The linking verb is “was.” “Class President” is further describing Weston. It is also a way of renaming Weston. As such, Answer (c) is the correct answer
2. The neighbor’s dog barked all night long.
[ ] subject
[x] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
A predicate tells us something about the subject of the sentence. In this instance, the subject is the neighbor’s “dog.” So now we need to find out something about the dog. Here we learn that the dog “barked all night long.” This section of the sentence is the predicate that is telling us about the dog. Answer (b) is the correct answer
3. They went to see Wicked at the new theater.
[x] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
Wicked is a musical play and it is the main subject of this sentence. Answer (a) is correct
4. The Bible is old.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[x] predicate adjective
A predicate adjective is an adjective that modifies the subject of a sentence while linking the subject to the adjective using a linking verb. In this sentence the subject is the “Bible”. The linking verb is “is.” The “Bible” is then modified by being “old”. Therefore, in this sentence, “old” is a predicate adjective so Answer (d) is correct
5. The surgeon operated on me for three hours.
[ ] subject
[x] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
As a predicate tells us something about the subject of the sentence, we need to locate the subject. In this instance, the subject is the “surgeon.” Next we need to find out something about the surgeon. What we learn is that the surgeon “operated on me”. The “operated on me” is the predicate of this sentence so Answer (b) is the correct answer
6. Michael is the new champion!
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[x] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
A predicate nominative is a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb. In this sentence “Michael” is the subject. The linking verb is “is” as it connects “Michael” with “new champion.” As “new champion” further describes Michael it is a predicate nominative. Therefore, Answer (c) is the correct answer
7. The museum was full of artifacts from around the world.
[x] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
The museum is the main subject of this sentence. Therefore, Answer (a) is correct
8. The school bus was late.
[ ] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[x] predicate adjective
A predicate adjective is an adjective that modifies the subject of a sentence while linking the subject to the adjective using a linking verb. In this sentence the subject is the “school bus”. The linking verb is “was.” The “school bus” is then modified by being “late”. Therefore, in this sentence, “late” is a predicate adjective. Answer (d) is correct
9. Jane is going to be married on Saturday.
[ ] subject
[x] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
We know that a predicate tells us something about the subject of the sentence. In this sentence, “Jane” is the subject so what do we learn about Jane? We learn that she is “going to be married.” “Going to be married” is the predicate of this sentence making Answer (b) the correct answer
10. Bees do an amazing job of pollinating everything in my garden.
[x] subject
[ ] predicate
[ ] predicate nominative
[ ] predicate adjective
Bees are the main subject of this sentence, making Answer (a) the correct answer