Geography: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Mountains (Questions)

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Mountains are large steep hills found all over the world, but even ones in hot countries have cold climates at their highest altitudes. The tops of the highest mountains are dangerous environments for a human. The temperature is bitterly cold and there is very little oxygen in the air. The adjective 'montane' is used to describe mountainous areas and things associated with them. Did you know that the highest known mountain in the Solar System is on the planet Mars? It is over twice the height of Mount Everest!

1. At which height does a hill become a mountain?
[ ] 6 m
[ ] 60 m
[ ] 600 m
[ ] 6,000 m
2. What is a chain of mountains called?
[ ] A series
[ ] A range
[ ] A system
[ ] A group
3. What happens to the climate as you get higher up a mountain?
[ ] Cooler and wetter
[ ] Cooler and drier
[ ] Warmer and wetter
[ ] Warmer and drier
4. Which side of a mountain can be a desert?
[ ] Leeward
[ ] Windward
[ ] Left
[ ] Right
5. What type of climate is at the foot of a mountain?
[ ] Cold
[ ] Tropical
[ ] That of the surrounding area
[ ] The same as the peak
6. What is the timberline?
[ ] The line where trees do not grow any further up the mountain
[ ] The line where trees start to grow on a mountain
[ ] The line where trees change from deciduous to coniferous
[ ] The line where trees change from coniferous to deciduous
7. What type of tree grows just below the timberline?
[ ] Deciduous
[ ] Coniferous
[ ] Oak
[ ] Tropical
8. What is the name of permanently frozen rivers?
[ ] Ice cubes
[ ] Glaciers
[ ] Icebergs
[ ] Ice channels
9. Where are most mountains found?
[ ] Asia
[ ] Africa
[ ] Under the oceans
[ ] America
10. Which is the highest mountain in the world?
[ ] Ben Nevis
[ ] Kilimanjaro
[ ] Mount Etna
[ ] Mount Everest
Geography: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Mountains (Answers)
1. At which height does a hill become a mountain?
[ ] 6 m
[ ] 60 m
[x] 600 m
[ ] 6,000 m
There are 120 mountains in the British Isles
2. What is a chain of mountains called?
[ ] A series
[x] A range
[ ] A system
[ ] A group
The longest mountain range is the Andes in South America
3. What happens to the climate as you get higher up a mountain?
[x] Cooler and wetter
[ ] Cooler and drier
[ ] Warmer and wetter
[ ] Warmer and drier
Because it is colder higher up the water in the air condenses
4. Which side of a mountain can be a desert?
[x] Leeward
[ ] Windward
[ ] Left
[ ] Right
This is because the mountains block rain so that one side is wet while the other is dry
5. What type of climate is at the foot of a mountain?
[ ] Cold
[ ] Tropical
[x] That of the surrounding area
[ ] The same as the peak
If a mountain is found in a tropical climate then the foot of the mountain will be tropical. While a mountain found in a cold climate will be cold at the foot
6. What is the timberline?
[x] The line where trees do not grow any further up the mountain
[ ] The line where trees start to grow on a mountain
[ ] The line where trees change from deciduous to coniferous
[ ] The line where trees change from coniferous to deciduous
The climate is too harsh for trees above the timberline
7. What type of tree grows just below the timberline?
[ ] Deciduous
[x] Coniferous
[ ] Oak
[ ] Tropical
Coniferous trees are better able to withstand the cold climate higher up the mountainside
8. What is the name of permanently frozen rivers?
[ ] Ice cubes
[x] Glaciers
[ ] Icebergs
[ ] Ice channels
Glaciers covered much of Britain during the Ice Age
9. Where are most mountains found?
[ ] Asia
[ ] Africa
[x] Under the oceans
[ ] America
Lots of tiny islands are the tips of underwater mountains
10. Which is the highest mountain in the world?
[ ] Ben Nevis
[ ] Kilimanjaro
[ ] Mount Etna
[x] Mount Everest
Mount Everest can be found in the Himalayas mountain range