GCSE History Quiz - Britain: Elizabethan England - Accession And Marriage (Questions)

In GCSE History, as a part of their learning the history of Britain, students will be taught about Elizabethan England. One aspect of this is Elizabeth's accession to the throne and her possible marriage.

Elizabeth's accession to the throne in 1558 marked the beginning of Elizabethan England. She was an unmarried woman, and she died in 1603 still unmarried. If she married an Englishman she risked alienating his rivals. Likewise if she married a foreigner, she risked upsetting other potential foreign suitors.

Test your knowledge on Elizabeth's accession and her prospective marriage by playing this quiz - one of four on Elizabethan England.

1. Who was Elizabeth's heir when she took the throne in 1558?
[ ] Mary Tudor
[ ] Edward Tudor
[ ] Mary, Queen of Scots
[ ] James Stuart
2. Which European king, recently widowed, sought Elizabeth's hand from 1558, but later became hostile?
[ ] Eric of Sweden
[ ] Archduke Charles of Austria
[ ] Philip II of Spain
[ ] Henry II of France
3. Which English suitor's chances as a bridegroom for Elizabeth were reduced when his wife, Amy Robsart, was found dead at the foot of a staircase?
[ ] Lord Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester
[ ] Sir Walter Raleigh
[ ] William Cecil
[ ] Sir Francis Walsingham
4. To which continental family did Francis, Duke of Anjou (previously Duke of Alencon) belong?
[ ] Bourbon
[ ] Valois
[ ] Hapsburg
[ ] Guise
5. Who was the legal heir to the throne after the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587?
[ ] James Stuart, Mary's son
[ ] Henry III of France
[ ] Christian of Denmark
[ ] Henry IV of France
6. In 1562 Elizabeth nearly died from a contagious disease. Had she died the succession would have been thrown into turmoil. From which illness did she suffer?
[ ] Bubonic Plague
[ ] Cholera
[ ] Polio
[ ] Smallpox
7. Mary, Queen of Scots was a serious contender for the throne until her execution in 1587. Why was she put to death?
[ ] Plotting with Roman Catholics to overthrow Elizabeth
[ ] Following the Roman Catholic faith
[ ] Inviting the French king to invade England
[ ] Urging Scottish nobles to make war on Elizabeth
8. Ambassador de Feria pressed his monarch's claim for Elizabeth's hand. Which sovereign state was he representing?
[ ] Portugal
[ ] Spain
[ ] Italy
[ ] Belgium
9. Charles, Archduke of Austria, threw his hat in the ring for Elizabeth's hand in marriage in 1563. Which religion did he practise?
[ ] Islam
[ ] Judaism
[ ] Protestantism
[ ] Roman Catholicism
10. Who eventually succeeded Elizabeth on the English throne?
[ ] James I
[ ] Henry IV of France
[ ] Margaret of Denmark
[ ] Philip III of Spain
GCSE History Quiz - Britain: Elizabethan England - Accession And Marriage (Answers)
1. Who was Elizabeth's heir when she took the throne in 1558?
[ ] Mary Tudor
[ ] Edward Tudor
[x] Mary, Queen of Scots
[ ] James Stuart
Contemporaries worried that Elizabeth might be succeeded by another woman, and by a Roman Catholic one too
2. Which European king, recently widowed, sought Elizabeth's hand from 1558, but later became hostile?
[ ] Eric of Sweden
[ ] Archduke Charles of Austria
[x] Philip II of Spain
[ ] Henry II of France
Many foreign royals wooed Elizabeth as they wanted England's alliance against their diplomatic or military rivals
3. Which English suitor's chances as a bridegroom for Elizabeth were reduced when his wife, Amy Robsart, was found dead at the foot of a staircase?
[x] Lord Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester
[ ] Sir Walter Raleigh
[ ] William Cecil
[ ] Sir Francis Walsingham
There was acute rivalry at the English court for Elizabeth's favour, and even more for her hand in marriage. But she was unlikely to accept an English claimant for fear of fuelling factional disputes
4. To which continental family did Francis, Duke of Anjou (previously Duke of Alencon) belong?
[ ] Bourbon
[x] Valois
[ ] Hapsburg
[ ] Guise
Foreign candidates welcomed the chance to marry the English queen as they valued an English alliance against rival European states. Naturally Elizabeth was an even more valuable catch while she was of child-bearing age
5. Who was the legal heir to the throne after the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587?
[x] James Stuart, Mary's son
[ ] Henry III of France
[ ] Christian of Denmark
[ ] Henry IV of France
By the age of 54 Elizabeth could not bear a child, but she still had value as a potential wife
6. In 1562 Elizabeth nearly died from a contagious disease. Had she died the succession would have been thrown into turmoil. From which illness did she suffer?
[ ] Bubonic Plague
[ ] Cholera
[ ] Polio
[x] Smallpox
As an unmarried woman, with a disputed succession likely on her death, Elizabeth's health was always a major issue
7. Mary, Queen of Scots was a serious contender for the throne until her execution in 1587. Why was she put to death?
[x] Plotting with Roman Catholics to overthrow Elizabeth
[ ] Following the Roman Catholic faith
[ ] Inviting the French king to invade England
[ ] Urging Scottish nobles to make war on Elizabeth
Mary's persistent Catholicism and her secret contacts with foreign powers put her in danger of treason charges
8. Ambassador de Feria pressed his monarch's claim for Elizabeth's hand. Which sovereign state was he representing?
[ ] Portugal
[x] Spain
[ ] Italy
[ ] Belgium
Diplomats in London were by now often resident in the capital, and were able to arrange audiences with the Queen to seek her hand in marriage on their employer's behalf
9. Charles, Archduke of Austria, threw his hat in the ring for Elizabeth's hand in marriage in 1563. Which religion did he practise?
[ ] Islam
[ ] Judaism
[ ] Protestantism
[x] Roman Catholicism
Religious divisions were crucial in the 16th Century. Non-Christians or Catholics were at a disadvantage in seeking Elizabeth's hand. This factor did not, however, discourage a number from trying
10. Who eventually succeeded Elizabeth on the English throne?
[x] James I
[ ] Henry IV of France
[ ] Margaret of Denmark
[ ] Philip III of Spain
Elizabeth never did marry, so the Tudor line died out on her death. She was succeeded by James Stuart who was already King James VI of Scotland and now became King James I of England