GCSE History Quiz - Britain: Warfare Between AD 50 and AD 1350 (Questions)

When studying GCSE History students will be taught about warfare in Britain during the past. One timespan they will cover is from the Roman invasion to the late medieval era.

Britain has witnessed much warfare throughout its history, whether in modern times or in the times of the Roman Empire. The Romans in Britain were challenged by Boudica's revolt. Following the Roman withdrawal from Britain 400 years later the Anglo-Saxons invaded, who in turn were defeated by the Normans. Subsequent English medieval kings like, Edward I and Edward III, expanded into Wales and France, but permanent success against the Scots eluded them.

See how much you know about warfare in Roman and Medieval Britain by playing this quiz.

1. Which tribe formed the main part of Boudica's forces?
[ ] Trinovantes
[ ] Londinii
[ ] Iceni
[ ] Camulodi
2. Which division of the Roman army contained between 4,000 and 6,000 soldiers?
[ ] Legion
[ ] Cohort
[ ] Century
[ ] Double Century
3. In the Saxon army what name was given to professional soldiers, paid by the king and other landowners and recruited while young?
[ ] Fyrdmen
[ ] Housecarls
[ ] Thegns
[ ] Eorls
4. What was the name of the coat of chainmail worn by Saxon troops?
[ ] Byrnie
[ ] Smock
[ ] Curthose
[ ] Surcoat
5. Who led the English forces at Hastings in 1066?
[ ] Harold Hardrada
[ ] Harold Godwinson
[ ] Leofwine
[ ] Gyrth
6. Which of the following was not killed at Hastings?
[ ] Bishop Odo of Bayeux
[ ] Harold Godwinson
[ ] Gyrth Godwinson
[ ] Leofwine Godwinson
7. What word is used to describe the circular configuration of Edward I's new castles in Wales?
[ ] Circular
[ ] Round
[ ] Concentric
[ ] Orotund
8. Who commanded the Scottish forces at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314?
[ ] William Wallace
[ ] Macbeth
[ ] Edward Bruce
[ ] Robert the Bruce
9. What was the name of Edward III's son, who fought at the Battle of Crecy In 1346?
[ ] Edward Longshanks
[ ] Piers Gaveston
[ ] Edward the Black Prince
[ ] John of Gaunt
10. What name is given to the war of which the Battle of Crecy is a part?
[ ] The 30 Years' War
[ ] The War of the Roses
[ ] The Great War
[ ] The Hundred Years' War
GCSE History Quiz - Britain: Warfare Between AD 50 and AD 1350 (Answers)
1. Which tribe formed the main part of Boudica's forces?
[ ] Trinovantes
[ ] Londinii
[x] Iceni
[ ] Camulodi
Britain's native inhabitants were far from united, being divided into numerous tribal areas
2. Which division of the Roman army contained between 4,000 and 6,000 soldiers?
[x] Legion
[ ] Cohort
[ ] Century
[ ] Double Century
The Roman army was carefully structured into various sizes of infantry formations
3. In the Saxon army what name was given to professional soldiers, paid by the king and other landowners and recruited while young?
[ ] Fyrdmen
[x] Housecarls
[ ] Thegns
[ ] Eorls
The Saxons did not use cavalry, but deployed two categories of foot soldiers
4. What was the name of the coat of chainmail worn by Saxon troops?
[x] Byrnie
[ ] Smock
[ ] Curthose
[ ] Surcoat
Saxon soldiers were well protected also by pointed helmets and wooden shields
5. Who led the English forces at Hastings in 1066?
[ ] Harold Hardrada
[x] Harold Godwinson
[ ] Leofwine
[ ] Gyrth
Having won the battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire, the English marched south to Hastings to face Duke William's invading army in October 1066
6. Which of the following was not killed at Hastings?
[x] Bishop Odo of Bayeux
[ ] Harold Godwinson
[ ] Gyrth Godwinson
[ ] Leofwine Godwinson
This was a long and closely fought battle with numerous casualties - as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
7. What word is used to describe the circular configuration of Edward I's new castles in Wales?
[ ] Circular
[ ] Round
[x] Concentric
[ ] Orotund
Edward subdued North Wales in the 1280's, and built many castles there in a relatively new style to secure his recent conquests
8. Who commanded the Scottish forces at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314?
[ ] William Wallace
[ ] Macbeth
[ ] Edward Bruce
[x] Robert the Bruce
Edward II sent a formidable army northwards in 1314, partly to relieve his beleaguered garrison in Stirling Castle
9. What was the name of Edward III's son, who fought at the Battle of Crecy In 1346?
[ ] Edward Longshanks
[ ] Piers Gaveston
[x] Edward the Black Prince
[ ] John of Gaunt
War erupted in 1337 between England and France. Edward III decided to assert his claim to French land and titles by invading France in 1346
10. What name is given to the war of which the Battle of Crecy is a part?
[ ] The 30 Years' War
[ ] The War of the Roses
[ ] The Great War
[x] The Hundred Years' War
Crecy was the best known land battle of this war, occurring just after the naval engagement at Sluys in 1340. But the campaign dragged on