GCSE History Quiz - Cold War: 1958-1961 - U2 Flights And The Berlin Wall (Questions)

GCSE History covers, amongst other things, the Cold War, which lasted from the end of World War II until the fall of the Soviet Union. One aspect looked at is the building of the Berlin Wall and American U2 spy 'planes.

The Cold War became even more dangerous when the Russians shot down a U2 spy 'plane over their territory in 1960. The following year saw the build-up of the Cuba Crisis and the building of the Berlin Wall. East/West relations grew ever more cold.

Explore the circumstances which led to the building of the Berlin Wall in this informative quiz.

1. Which Republican politician served as Eisenhower's Vice President from 1956 to 1960?
[ ] Richard Nixon
[ ] Henry Kissinger
[ ] Gerald Ford
[ ] Henry Cabot Lodge
2. Which close associate of Fidel Castro hailed from Argentina and had trained as a doctor?
[ ] Raoul Castro
[ ] Ernesto "Che" Guevara
[ ] Juan Peron
[ ] Hugo Chavez
3. Which pro-American dictator was forced into exile by Castro's success in taking over Cuba?
[ ] Batista
[ ] Frei
[ ] Stroessner
[ ] Kubishek
4. How was the American U2 spy 'plane shot down over Soviet Russia in 1960?
[ ] By conventional anti-aircraft fire
[ ] By intercepting Soviet fighter 'planes
[ ] By surface to air missile
[ ] By unmanned drone
5. Who was the U2 pilot, who was captured and put on trial in 1960?
[ ] Gary Powers
[ ] Buzz Aldrin
[ ] Douglas MacArthur
[ ] Arnold Whitman
6. Which US government agency co-operated closely with anti-Castro Cuban exiles attempting to invade the island in 1961?
[ ] The FBI
[ ] The CIA
[ ] The State Department
[ ] The Pentagon
7. Who served as Kennedy's Vice-President from 1961?
[ ] Walter Mondale
[ ] Bobby Kennedy
[ ] Lyndon Johnson
[ ] George McGovern
8. At which battle in 1961 were anti-Castro exiles forced back into the sea when they tried to invade the island?
[ ] Moncada Barracks
[ ] The Bay of Pigs
[ ] Guantanamo Bay
[ ] Havana
9. Which East German leader ordered the building of a wall to divide West Berlin from the Eastern Soviet Sector?
[ ] Willi Stoph
[ ] Otto Grotewohl
[ ] Walter Ulbricht
[ ] Erich Honecker
10. Which Soviet leader approved the wall's construction and promised to defend it with military force in 1961?
[ ] Malenkov
[ ] Kosygin
[ ] Brezhnev
[ ] Khrushchev
GCSE History Quiz - Cold War: 1958-1961 - U2 Flights And The Berlin Wall (Answers)
1. Which Republican politician served as Eisenhower's Vice President from 1956 to 1960?
[x] Richard Nixon
[ ] Henry Kissinger
[ ] Gerald Ford
[ ] Henry Cabot Lodge
The job of Vice President entails few formal responsibilities, but is often occupied by someone who is really seeking the highest office (the presidency), which Nixon managed to achieve in 1969
2. Which close associate of Fidel Castro hailed from Argentina and had trained as a doctor?
[ ] Raoul Castro
[x] Ernesto "Che" Guevara
[ ] Juan Peron
[ ] Hugo Chavez
Fidel Castro ("el Commandante") was surrounded by a small group of cronies, some of whom became ministers in his government of Cuba, and some of whom tried to spread revolution elsewhere after the capture of Havana in 1959
3. Which pro-American dictator was forced into exile by Castro's success in taking over Cuba?
[x] Batista
[ ] Frei
[ ] Stroessner
[ ] Kubishek
Many Latin American governments were dominated by military dictators who often enjoyed American support, as they tended to be right-wing and anti-Communist
4. How was the American U2 spy 'plane shot down over Soviet Russia in 1960?
[ ] By conventional anti-aircraft fire
[ ] By intercepting Soviet fighter 'planes
[x] By surface to air missile
[ ] By unmanned drone
The Americans had believed that their U2s could not be shot down as they operated at extreme altitudes
5. Who was the U2 pilot, who was captured and put on trial in 1960?
[x] Gary Powers
[ ] Buzz Aldrin
[ ] Douglas MacArthur
[ ] Arnold Whitman
The capture of an American airman offered the Russians the chance to interrogate him, and to exchange him for a Soviet spy in American custody
6. Which US government agency co-operated closely with anti-Castro Cuban exiles attempting to invade the island in 1961?
[ ] The FBI
[x] The CIA
[ ] The State Department
[ ] The Pentagon
Although the President (Kennedy) knew little about the plan, elements of his government were deeply involved
7. Who served as Kennedy's Vice-President from 1961?
[ ] Walter Mondale
[ ] Bobby Kennedy
[x] Lyndon Johnson
[ ] George McGovern
Under the US Constitution the "Veep" (the Vice-President) automatically becomes President if the existing President dies in office, or has to leave the White House for any other reason
8. At which battle in 1961 were anti-Castro exiles forced back into the sea when they tried to invade the island?
[ ] Moncada Barracks
[x] The Bay of Pigs
[ ] Guantanamo Bay
[ ] Havana
Anti-Castro exiles from Florida failed to effect a landing on the Cuban coast despite considerable help from the United States authorities
9. Which East German leader ordered the building of a wall to divide West Berlin from the Eastern Soviet Sector?
[ ] Willi Stoph
[ ] Otto Grotewohl
[x] Walter Ulbricht
[ ] Erich Honecker
The East German government became increasingly worried about the loss of skilled workers crossing the sector borders from East to West Berlin
10. Which Soviet leader approved the wall's construction and promised to defend it with military force in 1961?
[ ] Malenkov
[ ] Kosygin
[ ] Brezhnev
[x] Khrushchev
Without the support of the Soviet Union the Berlin Wall would never have been built