GCSE History Quiz - Cold War: 1963-1969 - The Invasion Of Czechoslovakia (Questions)

In GCSE History students will look at the Cold War, which lasted from the end of World War II until the fall of the Soviet Union. One aspect of the Cold War they will cover will be the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

In 1968 the Soviet Union led a Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, in order to bring to an end the reforms introduced by the new government. They feared that the virus of reform could spread to other communist countries, and that Czechoslovakia could leave the Warsaw Pact and join NATO instead. The invasion guaranteed that that would not happen.

Discover more about the Cold War in Central Europe in this quiz.

1. Which Soviet leader was forced to resign as Communist Party Secretary in 1964, and replaced by Brezhnev, Kosygin and the ideologist Suslov?
[ ] Khrushchev
[ ] Malenkov
[ ] Ponamaryev
[ ] Andropov
2. Which hard line Communist leader was replaced as Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party a few months before the Warsaw Pact invasion?
[ ] Gottwald
[ ] Novotny
[ ] Grotewohl
[ ] Strougal
3. What name is usually given to the series of reforms passed by the new Party leadership in Czechoslovakia in nearly 1968, in an atmosphere of optimism - especially among young people?
[ ] The Czech Spring
[ ] The Czechoslovak Spring
[ ] The Prague Spring
[ ] The New Turning Point
4. What name was given to the Soviet view that Communist states should enjoy only limited sovereignty, as even their internal policies could affect their neighbours?
[ ] The Molotov Doctrine
[ ] The Bulganin Doctrine
[ ] The Chernenko Doctrine
[ ] The Brezhnev Doctrine
5. Which Warsaw Pact state refused to join in the invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968?
[ ] Romania
[ ] Albania
[ ] Yugoslovia
[ ] Poland
6. Who was the Czechoslovak Party Secretary whose name is associated with the reforms introduced there in early 1968?
[ ] Palach
[ ] Sik
[ ] Benes
[ ] Dubcek
7. From which part of Czechoslovakia did the new leader come?
[ ] Bohemia
[ ] Slovakia
[ ] Moravia
[ ] Teschen
8. Who was the President of Czechoslovakia during 1968?
[ ] Hacha
[ ] Svoboda
[ ] Zatopek
[ ] Masaryk
9. Who was the Soviet choice of Czechoslovak Party Secretary after the invasion?
[ ] Kadar
[ ] Gomulka
[ ] Zhivkov
[ ] Husak
10. Which of the Warsaw Pact invaders of 1968 did not share a border with Czechoslovakia?
[ ] Bulgaria
[ ] Hungary
[ ] The Soviet Union
[ ] East Germany
GCSE History Quiz - Cold War: 1963-1969 - The Invasion Of Czechoslovakia (Answers)
1. Which Soviet leader was forced to resign as Communist Party Secretary in 1964, and replaced by Brezhnev, Kosygin and the ideologist Suslov?
[x] Khrushchev
[ ] Malenkov
[ ] Ponamaryev
[ ] Andropov
Khrushchev had made mistakes: the so-called "Virgin Lands" scheme in Central Asia and the failure to defeat the United States in the Cuba Crisis of 1962, among them
2. Which hard line Communist leader was replaced as Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party a few months before the Warsaw Pact invasion?
[ ] Gottwald
[x] Novotny
[ ] Grotewohl
[ ] Strougal
Czechoslovakia seemed to be going the way of Hungary in 1956: liberal reforms in a heady atmosphere of liberation and the ousting of previous, more repressive leaders
3. What name is usually given to the series of reforms passed by the new Party leadership in Czechoslovakia in nearly 1968, in an atmosphere of optimism - especially among young people?
[ ] The Czech Spring
[ ] The Czechoslovak Spring
[x] The Prague Spring
[ ] The New Turning Point
The new reforms, particularly relaxation of censorship, permission to travel abroad and the right to create political parties other than the Communists, alarmed the USSR and its other allies
4. What name was given to the Soviet view that Communist states should enjoy only limited sovereignty, as even their internal policies could affect their neighbours?
[ ] The Molotov Doctrine
[ ] The Bulganin Doctrine
[ ] The Chernenko Doctrine
[x] The Brezhnev Doctrine
The Soviet Union and most of its allies believed that members of the Soviet bloc should expect to have their policies, domestic and foreign, criticised and amended by their neighbours
5. Which Warsaw Pact state refused to join in the invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968?
[x] Romania
[ ] Albania
[ ] Yugoslovia
[ ] Poland
One member state of the Warsaw Pact believed that all members should be freer to pursue their own policies
6. Who was the Czechoslovak Party Secretary whose name is associated with the reforms introduced there in early 1968?
[ ] Palach
[ ] Sik
[ ] Benes
[x] Dubcek
A new leadership contrasted starkly with its Stalinist predecessors which had repressed the Czechoslovak people since 1948
7. From which part of Czechoslovakia did the new leader come?
[ ] Bohemia
[x] Slovakia
[ ] Moravia
[ ] Teschen
Czechoslovakia was divided between the industrialised and advanced west, and the more backward and agricultural east
8. Who was the President of Czechoslovakia during 1968?
[ ] Hacha
[x] Svoboda
[ ] Zatopek
[ ] Masaryk
The Czechoslovak head of state was the President, more of a figurehead than the Party Secretary
9. Who was the Soviet choice of Czechoslovak Party Secretary after the invasion?
[ ] Kadar
[ ] Gomulka
[ ] Zhivkov
[x] Husak
Henceforward the Soviet Union used a compliant, "puppet" President to ensure that there would be no return to the liberal policies of 1968
10. Which of the Warsaw Pact invaders of 1968 did not share a border with Czechoslovakia?
[x] Bulgaria
[ ] Hungary
[ ] The Soviet Union
[ ] East Germany
Most Warsaw Pact countries did have common borders with Czechoslovakia, which made them even keener to avoid contamination with liberal policies