GCSE History Quiz - USA: 1919-1932 - US Society In The 1920s (Questions)

In GCSE History one area studied is the history of the USA between 1840 and 1975. This, the third of eleven quizzes on the USA, is the first of three on the 1920s, and it looks at American society at the time - both the prosperity enjoyed by some, and the increase in organised crime.

Society in the USA was a mixed bag in the 1920s. For a minority of Americans it was a time of unprecedented prosperity and leisure, with new kinds of fashion, entertainment and lifestyle. But there was a darker side: a huge increase in organised crime and racism, a greater intolerance towards minorities and the persecution of progressives.

See how much you know about society, prosperity and crime in 1920s America by taking this quiz.

1. Which of the following musical styles was most popular among young people in the 1920s?
[ ] Pop
[ ] Jazz
[ ] Country
[ ] Folk
2. Of what are the following all examples during the 1920s? The "Charleston", the "Black Bottom", the "Lindy Hop" and the "Breakaway".
[ ] Dance Crazes
[ ] Women's hair styles
[ ] Swimming strokes
[ ] Items of women's underwear
3. What kind of behaviour would you not expect from a "flapper" in the 1920s?
[ ] Smoking in public
[ ] Wearing a corset
[ ] Using cosmetics
[ ] Sporting close-cropped hair
4. For which team did "Babe" Ruth regularly play baseball?
[ ] Trenton Thunderbirds
[ ] The Railriders
[ ] The Boston Red Sox
[ ] The New York Yankees
5. The Volstead Act of 1919 introduced strict controls on the manufacture and consumption of alcohol. What name was given to this policy?
[ ] Abstinence
[ ] De-Alcoholisation
[ ] Prohibition
[ ] Speaking Easy
6. Of which new artistic style was New York's Chrysler Building an example?
[ ] Modernism
[ ] Art Deco
[ ] Cubism
[ ] Bauhaus
7. Which infamous murder of 1929 forced the authorities to take firmer measures against gang members like Al Capone and Lucky Luciano?
[ ] The Jonny Torrio Shoot Out
[ ] The Christmas Massacre
[ ] The Ascension Day Murders
[ ] The St. Valentine's Day Massacre
8. Which racist organisation used burning crosses to advertise their presence?
[ ] The John Birch Society
[ ] The White America Defence League
[ ] The Ku Klux Klan
[ ] The Confederacy
9. In the "Red Scare" that swept America in the 1920s two Italian Americans, Sacco and Vanzetti, were executed in 1927. What political beliefs did they share?
[ ] Fascism
[ ] Communism
[ ] Anarchism
[ ] Christian Socialism
10. In which state did the Monkey-Scopes Trial take place in 1925?
[ ] Kentucky
[ ] West Virginia
[ ] Tennessee
[ ] North Carolina
GCSE History Quiz - USA: 1919-1932 - US Society In The 1920s (Answers)
1. Which of the following musical styles was most popular among young people in the 1920s?
[ ] Pop
[x] Jazz
[ ] Country
[ ] Folk
Singers and bandleaders became household names as never before
2. Of what are the following all examples during the 1920s? The "Charleston", the "Black Bottom", the "Lindy Hop" and the "Breakaway".
[x] Dance Crazes
[ ] Women's hair styles
[ ] Swimming strokes
[ ] Items of women's underwear
Fashions changed overnight, and the era featured these four styles and more
3. What kind of behaviour would you not expect from a "flapper" in the 1920s?
[ ] Smoking in public
[x] Wearing a corset
[ ] Using cosmetics
[ ] Sporting close-cropped hair
A minority of well-paid women tried to liberate themselves from what they regarded as past oppression
4. For which team did "Babe" Ruth regularly play baseball?
[ ] Trenton Thunderbirds
[ ] The Railriders
[ ] The Boston Red Sox
[x] The New York Yankees
Successful sports stars like Ruth formed a kind of aristocracy. They were hugely popular, and enjoyed an unprecedented cult of celebrity
5. The Volstead Act of 1919 introduced strict controls on the manufacture and consumption of alcohol. What name was given to this policy?
[ ] Abstinence
[ ] De-Alcoholisation
[x] Prohibition
[ ] Speaking Easy
Any such measure had to be defended against those elements who were determined to break it in order to make money
6. Of which new artistic style was New York's Chrysler Building an example?
[ ] Modernism
[x] Art Deco
[ ] Cubism
[ ] Bauhaus
This movement flourished during the 1920s, and it was a worldwide phenomenon
7. Which infamous murder of 1929 forced the authorities to take firmer measures against gang members like Al Capone and Lucky Luciano?
[ ] The Jonny Torrio Shoot Out
[ ] The Christmas Massacre
[ ] The Ascension Day Murders
[x] The St. Valentine's Day Massacre
Gangs more or less ran cities like Chicago, until the criminal bands went too far
8. Which racist organisation used burning crosses to advertise their presence?
[ ] The John Birch Society
[ ] The White America Defence League
[x] The Ku Klux Klan
[ ] The Confederacy
The activities of such groups intensified during the 1920s - largely (but not exclusively) in the Southern states
9. In the "Red Scare" that swept America in the 1920s two Italian Americans, Sacco and Vanzetti, were executed in 1927. What political beliefs did they share?
[ ] Fascism
[ ] Communism
[x] Anarchism
[ ] Christian Socialism
The persecution of these two seemed to show a growing intolerance of immigrants, and of political views which challenged the historic American ideal
10. In which state did the Monkey-Scopes Trial take place in 1925?
[ ] Kentucky
[ ] West Virginia
[x] Tennessee
[ ] North Carolina
Scopes was a biology teacher in a state school who was prosecuted for teaching the theory of evolution in his lessons