GCSE History Quiz - World War One: 1890-14 - The Events Of The Summer Of 1914 (Questions)

When studying GCSE History students will be taught about World War One and one part of this topic is the build up to the war. This is the second of two quizzes on that subject, focussing in particular on the events of the summer of 1914.

The crisis which unfolded in the summer of 1914 proved to be the one set of events that led to outright warfare involving all the main European powers. It started in a familiar cauldron of tension - namely the Balkans - and then drew in nations from all corners of the world.

Find out how the events of the summer of 1914 led to World War One in this enlightening quiz.

1. Which Austrian notable was visiting Bosnia in June 1914, only to lose his life at the hands of a Serb terrorist?
[ ] The Emperor Franz Josef
[ ] The Archduke Rudolf
[ ] The Archduke Karl
[ ] The Archduke Franz Ferdinand
2. Which European ruler saw himself as the protector of Slav states like Serbia?
[ ] Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
[ ] King Ferdinand of Bulgaria
[ ] Kaiser William II of Germany
[ ] The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
3. What was the official reason for the British ultimatum to Germany to withdraw her troops from Belgium by the 4th of August 1914?
[ ] Britain had signed a separate military alliance with Belgium
[ ] Britain was one of several signatories to the Treaty of London of 1839, which guaranteed Belgian independence
[ ] British public opinion demanded action against a large bully attacking a small, weak power
[ ] Russia, already at war with Germany, requested help to relieve pressure on its Western border
4. German armies swept through Belgium and into Northern France according to a pre-arranged plan. Devised first in 1906, what was this plan called?
[ ] The Hindenburg Plan
[ ] The Moltke Plan
[ ] The Ludendorff Plan
[ ] The Schlieffen Plan
5. French troops were rushed to the front line from Paris to engage the German advance to the River Aisne. All public transport and military conveyances were fully stretched, so private measures were necessary. What unusual transport was used to get the troops to the front?
[ ] Taxis
[ ] Hire cars
[ ] Hitchhiking
[ ] Bicycles
6. A small British expeditionary force crossed the Channel in early August 1914. Who was appointed to command them?
[ ] French
[ ] Haig
[ ] Kitchener
[ ] Rawlinson
7. At which battle in Belgium did some British troops report the sight of an angel, which guided them away from a superior German force?
[ ] Ypres
[ ] Loos
[ ] Mons
[ ] Passchendaele
8. Meanwhile, in the late summer of 1914 Russian forces invaded East Prussia, only to be defeated at two major battles. Which of the following was one of these engagements?
[ ] Tannenberg
[ ] Koenigsberg
[ ] Brest Litovsk
[ ] Memel
9. The French were keen to attack Germany in the west in order to liberate the occupied provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. What name was given to this 1914 attack which failed?
[ ] Plan 17
[ ] Plan 231
[ ] Plan 1871
[ ] Plan 12
10. The Germans employed cavalry to advance rapidly into France and Belgium - an elite force. What name was given to such troops?
[ ] Grenadiere
[ ] Uhlans
[ ] Cavaliere
[ ] Pferdwehr
GCSE History Quiz - World War One: 1890-14 - The Events Of The Summer Of 1914 (Answers)
1. Which Austrian notable was visiting Bosnia in June 1914, only to lose his life at the hands of a Serb terrorist?
[ ] The Emperor Franz Josef
[ ] The Archduke Rudolf
[ ] The Archduke Karl
[x] The Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The members of the Habsburg family saw themselves as fathers to the disparate races of the Empire. Regular visits were believed to enhance cohesion
2. Which European ruler saw himself as the protector of Slav states like Serbia?
[x] Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
[ ] King Ferdinand of Bulgaria
[ ] Kaiser William II of Germany
[ ] The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
The Balkans seethed with tension: there were internecine rivalries among the small states of South East Europe, many of whom looked to bigger powers for support if they got into difficulties
3. What was the official reason for the British ultimatum to Germany to withdraw her troops from Belgium by the 4th of August 1914?
[ ] Britain had signed a separate military alliance with Belgium
[x] Britain was one of several signatories to the Treaty of London of 1839, which guaranteed Belgian independence
[ ] British public opinion demanded action against a large bully attacking a small, weak power
[ ] Russia, already at war with Germany, requested help to relieve pressure on its Western border
Belgium attracted sympathy from many quarters. Britain had historically resisted one continental power dominating the channel ports, and thus threatening Britain's trade and security
4. German armies swept through Belgium and into Northern France according to a pre-arranged plan. Devised first in 1906, what was this plan called?
[ ] The Hindenburg Plan
[ ] The Moltke Plan
[ ] The Ludendorff Plan
[x] The Schlieffen Plan
The plan was to avoid Bismarck's nightmare of a two-front war. Germany would move first to defeat France, then swing her forces over to the east to deal with Russia
5. French troops were rushed to the front line from Paris to engage the German advance to the River Aisne. All public transport and military conveyances were fully stretched, so private measures were necessary. What unusual transport was used to get the troops to the front?
[x] Taxis
[ ] Hire cars
[ ] Hitchhiking
[ ] Bicycles
In a dire emergency special measures may be necessary. In the end sufficient troops did reach the Aisne, and the German advance was pushed back to the River Marne
6. A small British expeditionary force crossed the Channel in early August 1914. Who was appointed to command them?
[x] French
[ ] Haig
[ ] Kitchener
[ ] Rawlinson
This was the army so derided by the Kaiser, who called them "a contemptible little army"
7. At which battle in Belgium did some British troops report the sight of an angel, which guided them away from a superior German force?
[ ] Ypres
[ ] Loos
[x] Mons
[ ] Passchendaele
All belligerent nations claimed that God was on their side, and they looked for signs that this might be so
8. Meanwhile, in the late summer of 1914 Russian forces invaded East Prussia, only to be defeated at two major battles. Which of the following was one of these engagements?
[x] Tannenberg
[ ] Koenigsberg
[ ] Brest Litovsk
[ ] Memel
Russian forces mobilised quicker than the Germans had expected but they were no match for the Imperial German Army
9. The French were keen to attack Germany in the west in order to liberate the occupied provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. What name was given to this 1914 attack which failed?
[x] Plan 17
[ ] Plan 231
[ ] Plan 1871
[ ] Plan 12
The recovery of Alsace-Lorraine was a major French war aim
10. The Germans employed cavalry to advance rapidly into France and Belgium - an elite force. What name was given to such troops?
[ ] Grenadiere
[x] Uhlans
[ ] Cavaliere
[ ] Pferdwehr
The Western Allies also deployed cavalry for a short time at the beginning of the war