KS1 History Quiz - Monuments around the World (Questions)

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 History for children aged 5, 6 and 7 in years 1 and 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with historical buildings around the world and their importance.

There are many historical buildings and monuments throughout the world but what is their importance? Monuments can be erected for all sorts of reasons, sometimes in memory of a person or to serve as a reminder of a key event in history. They can often offer glimpses of how life was at the time they were built. Young children may enjoy finding out more about the importance of World monuments and the reasons they were built.

1. The Statue of Liberty stands on Liberty Island in New York. Which country gave the statue to America?
[ ] Denmark
[ ] Germany
[ ] France
[ ] China
2. The Eiffel Tower is a famous French structure. Which city is it located in?
[ ] Nice
[ ] Lyon
[ ] Nantes
[ ] Paris
3. St. Basil’s Cathedral is a famous monument in Moscow, Russia. Who ordered it to be built?
[ ] Evan the Awful
[ ] Ivan the Terrible
[ ] James the Sly
[ ] Reece the Imposter
4. The Great Sphinx of Giza was probably built for Pharaoh Khafra. How tall is it?
[ ] Over 150m
[ ] Around 20m
[ ] Nearly 74m
[ ] Under 1m
5. A bronze statue sits on a rock in a harbour in Copenhagen, Denmark. What is the statue of?
[ ] An angel
[ ] A queen
[ ] A witch
[ ] A mermaid
6. The Great Wall of China is which of these options?
[ ] About to be demolished
[ ] The longest wall in the world
[ ] Made from foam bricks
[ ] Painted with rainbows
7. The Taj Mahal is in India. It was built by an emperor as a memorial to who?
[ ] His son
[ ] His brother
[ ] His cat
[ ] His wife
8. Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London. Which famous building is it next to?
[ ] The Houses of Parliament
[ ] Buckingham Palace
[ ] Tower Bridge
[ ] The Tower of London
9. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a freestanding bell tower located in Italy. Why does it lean?
[ ] Someone leant on it too hard
[ ] It was knocked by a bus
[ ] Too many people climb on it
[ ] The ground it was built on was very soft
10. Christ the Redeemer is a huge statue in Rio de Janeiro. Where did the stones used to build it come from?
[ ] Sweden
[ ] Rio
[ ] America
[ ] Japan
KS1 History Quiz - Monuments around the World (Answers)
1. The Statue of Liberty stands on Liberty Island in New York. Which country gave the statue to America?
[ ] Denmark
[ ] Germany
[x] France
[ ] China
It was given as a symbol of friendship between the two countries
2. The Eiffel Tower is a famous French structure. Which city is it located in?
[ ] Nice
[ ] Lyon
[ ] Nantes
[x] Paris
Millions of people climb the Eiffel Tower every year and it has had over 250 million visitors since its opening
3. St. Basil’s Cathedral is a famous monument in Moscow, Russia. Who ordered it to be built?
[ ] Evan the Awful
[x] Ivan the Terrible
[ ] James the Sly
[ ] Reece the Imposter
The cathedral was built as a monument to victorious battles
4. The Great Sphinx of Giza was probably built for Pharaoh Khafra. How tall is it?
[ ] Over 150m
[x] Around 20m
[ ] Nearly 74m
[ ] Under 1m
It is the largest statue carved from one piece of stone in the world
5. A bronze statue sits on a rock in a harbour in Copenhagen, Denmark. What is the statue of?
[ ] An angel
[ ] A queen
[ ] A witch
[x] A mermaid
The mermaid is a monument to the Hans Christian Anderson story and receives over a million visitors a year
6. The Great Wall of China is which of these options?
[ ] About to be demolished
[x] The longest wall in the world
[ ] Made from foam bricks
[ ] Painted with rainbows
The wall is over 6,000 km long and is not one continuous wall, but is built instead from lots of sections
7. The Taj Mahal is in India. It was built by an emperor as a memorial to who?
[ ] His son
[ ] His brother
[ ] His cat
[x] His wife
More than 1,000 elephants were employed to transport the construction materials used to build the Taj Mahal
8. Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London. Which famous building is it next to?
[x] The Houses of Parliament
[ ] Buckingham Palace
[ ] Tower Bridge
[ ] The Tower of London
The bell weighs about 13 and a half tons, about the same as a small elephant!
9. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a freestanding bell tower located in Italy. Why does it lean?
[ ] Someone leant on it too hard
[ ] It was knocked by a bus
[ ] Too many people climb on it
[x] The ground it was built on was very soft
The Leaning Tower of Pisa took 344 years to build, beginning in August 1173
10. Christ the Redeemer is a huge statue in Rio de Janeiro. Where did the stones used to build it come from?
[x] Sweden
[ ] Rio
[ ] America
[ ] Japan
The statue weighs approximately 635 tonnes but is not the largest statue of Jesus in the world!