Richard III Quiz - White Roses (Questions)

White Roses looks at the House of York.

The Wars of the Roses were fought between two royal houses: that of Lancaster and that of York. But who exactly were the people in these families and why were they rivals? Find out about the dynasty represented by a white rose: House of York.

1. The House of York gets its name because its members are descendants of Edward III's son, the first Duke of York. What was the first Duke of York's name?
[ ] Edward, the Black Prince
[ ] Lionel of Antwerp
[ ] John of Gaunt
[ ] Edmund of Langley
2. Before his death Richard II named Roger Mortimer, the grandson of Lionel of Antwerp, as his successor. Roger never got to be king because Richard II had his throne usurped by who?
[ ] Henry Bolingbroke
[ ] John Beaufort
[ ] Henry Stafford
[ ] Richard of Conisburgh
3. The head of the House of York bore the title the Duke of York. How many Dukes of York have there been?
[ ] 14 Dukes of York
[ ] 24 Dukes of York
[ ] 34 Dukes of York
[ ] 44 Dukes of York
4. The second Duke of York was Edmund's son, Edward. He was killed in 1415 at which battle?
[ ] The Battle of Bannockburn
[ ] The Battle of Crecy
[ ] The Battle of Agincourt
[ ] The Battle of Poitiers
5. Richard of York had four sons. How many of them became kings of England?
[ ] None of them
[ ] One of them
[ ] Two of them
[ ] Three of them
6. Richard of York's claim to the throne was strengthened because his mother was the daughter of Roger Mortimer, King Richard II's chosen heir. What was the name of Richard of York's mother?
[ ] Margaret Mortimer
[ ] Anne Mortimer
[ ] Catherine Mortimer
[ ] Jane Mortimer
7. If the Tudors had not taken the throne from the House of York, the descendants of the House of York would now be the rulers of England. What would be the name of the current king?
[ ] King Shaun
[ ] King Stephen
[ ] King Shane
[ ] King Simon
8. After the death of his only legitimate son, Richard III named John de la Pole as his heir. What relation was de la Pole to Richard?
[ ] He was Richard's illegitimate son
[ ] He was Richard's nephew
[ ] He was Richard's cousin
[ ] He was Richard's brother-in-law
9. Who was the last member of the House of York to hold the title Duke of York?
[ ] Edward of Norwich
[ ] Richard of Gloucester
[ ] Edward of Rutland
[ ] Richard of Shrewsbury
10. In addition to being the kings of England, the three Yorkist kings were also lords of which country?
[ ] Wales
[ ] Ireland
[ ] France
[ ] Scotland

 

Richard III Quiz - White Roses (Answers)
1. The House of York gets its name because its members are descendants of Edward III's son, the first Duke of York. What was the first Duke of York's name?
[ ] Edward, the Black Prince
[ ] Lionel of Antwerp
[ ] John of Gaunt
[x] Edmund of Langley
Edmund was Edward III's 5th eldest son. Later members of the House of York were also descended from Edward's 2nd eldest son, Lionel of Antwerp. The House of Lancaster was descended from Edward's fourth eldest son, John of Gaunt
2. Before his death Richard II named Roger Mortimer, the grandson of Lionel of Antwerp, as his successor. Roger never got to be king because Richard II had his throne usurped by who?
[x] Henry Bolingbroke
[ ] John Beaufort
[ ] Henry Stafford
[ ] Richard of Conisburgh
Henry was the son of John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster. He took the throne by force and the period of Lancastrian rule began
3. The head of the House of York bore the title the Duke of York. How many Dukes of York have there been?
[x] 14 Dukes of York
[ ] 24 Dukes of York
[ ] 34 Dukes of York
[ ] 44 Dukes of York
Following the demise of the Yorkist monarchy, the title was no longer passed down. Instead it has been traditionally given to the second son of the ruling monarch. Prince Andrew is the current Duke of York
4. The second Duke of York was Edmund's son, Edward. He was killed in 1415 at which battle?
[ ] The Battle of Bannockburn
[ ] The Battle of Crecy
[x] The Battle of Agincourt
[ ] The Battle of Poitiers
Edward had no children and so his title passed to his nephew, Richard. Richard, through his mother, was the grandson of the chosen heir of Richard II, Roger Mortimer
5. Richard of York had four sons. How many of them became kings of England?
[ ] None of them
[ ] One of them
[x] Two of them
[ ] Three of them
Richard's eldest son became Edward IV and his youngest son was Richard III. Of his two middle sons George was executed by his brother Edward IV for treason and Edmund died alongside his father in the Battle of Wakefield
6. Richard of York's claim to the throne was strengthened because his mother was the daughter of Roger Mortimer, King Richard II's chosen heir. What was the name of Richard of York's mother?
[ ] Margaret Mortimer
[x] Anne Mortimer
[ ] Catherine Mortimer
[ ] Jane Mortimer
Sadly, in bringing Richard into the world, Anne was taken from it. She died from complications arising from his birth one day later. She was 20 years old
7. If the Tudors had not taken the throne from the House of York, the descendants of the House of York would now be the rulers of England. What would be the name of the current king?
[ ] King Shaun
[ ] King Stephen
[ ] King Shane
[x] King Simon
The descendants of Richard III's brother George are the Earls of Loudoun. The current Earl of Loudoun is Simon Abney-Hastings who lives in Australia
8. After the death of his only legitimate son, Richard III named John de la Pole as his heir. What relation was de la Pole to Richard?
[ ] He was Richard's illegitimate son
[x] He was Richard's nephew
[ ] He was Richard's cousin
[ ] He was Richard's brother-in-law
De la Pole was the son of Richard's sister, Elizabeth. He rebelled against Henry VII and was killed at the Battle of Stoke Field in 1487
9. Who was the last member of the House of York to hold the title Duke of York?
[ ] Edward of Norwich
[ ] Richard of Gloucester
[ ] Edward of Rutland
[x] Richard of Shrewsbury
Richard of Shrewsbury was the youngest son of Edward IV. His brother, before becoming Edward V, was the Prince of Wales
10. In addition to being the kings of England, the three Yorkist kings were also lords of which country?
[ ] Wales
[x] Ireland
[ ] France
[ ] Scotland
The Lordship of Ireland was created in 1171 by the invasion of English King Henry II. It lasted until 1542 when English monarchs became the Kings or Queens of Ireland. The British monarchs relinquished their claim to southern Ireland in 1949 when it was proclaimed a republic