11-Plus English Quiz - Spelling: Plurals 2 (Questions)

Plurals are more than one of something, such as cows, hens and chickens. You don't have one cows. One cow - two cows. However, there are exceptions, such as one sheep, two sheep.

When we first start to learn the English language, it seems straightforward enough. A, B, C and so on. But then we come across irregular words that don't follow the rules. Our English language can be very rebellious at times and often does its own thing! Take the words good - better - best. The second two words are completely different from the first - how did it get from good to better? Plurals sometimes have a mind of their own too and it's a case of having to memorise irregular plurals until you know them by heart.

This second 11-plus spelling quiz is probably a little bit more difficult: just learn the more unusual plurals.

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1. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] teeth
[ ] noses
[ ] axises
[ ] noes
2. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] bacteriums
[ ] tornadoes
[ ] tornados
[ ] cherries
3. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] crisises
[ ] halos
[ ] haloes
[ ] aircraft
4. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] whales
[ ] cargos
[ ] criterions
[ ] cargoes
5. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] zeros
[ ] formulars
[ ] zeroes
[ ] witches
6. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] toys
[ ] ways
[ ] studies
[ ] photoes
7. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] series
[ ] species
[ ] elfs
[ ] days
8. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] loaves
[ ] oxen
[ ] lice
[ ] leafs
9. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] languages
[ ] antennaes
[ ] stories
[ ] ghosts
10. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] focus's
[ ] forests
[ ] fights
[ ] fridges
11-Plus English Quiz - Spelling: Plurals 2 (Answers)
1. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] teeth
[ ] noses
[x] axises
[ ] noes
It should be 'axes': 'axis-axes'. Note: nouns ending in '-is' change to '-es' in the plural. For example, basis-bases; oasis-oases; hypothesis-hypotheses; analysis-analyses
2. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[x] bacteriums
[ ] tornadoes
[ ] tornados
[ ] cherries
It should be 'bacteria': 'bacterium-bacteria'. Note: nouns ending in '-um' change the ending to '-a', '-i' or '-s'. For example, stratum-strata; erratum-errata
3. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[x] crisises
[ ] halos
[ ] haloes
[ ] aircraft
It should be 'crises': 'crisis-crises'. Note: nouns ending in '-is' change it to '-es' in the plural. For example, basis-bases; oasis-oases; hypothesis-hypotheses; analysis-analyses
4. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] whales
[ ] cargos
[x] criterions
[ ] cargoes
It should be 'criteria': 'criterion-criteria'. Note: nouns ending in '-on' change it to '-a' in the plural: phenomenon-phenomena
5. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] zeros
[x] formulars
[ ] zeroes
[ ] witches
It should be 'formulae/formulas': 'formula-formulae/formulas'
6. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] toys
[ ] ways
[ ] studies
[x] photoes
It should be 'photos': 'photo-photos'. Nouns ending in '-o' add '-es' or '-s' to form the plural. For example, photos, discos, pianos BUT sometimes you have a choice: buffalo - buffalos/buffaloes; motto - mottos/mottoes; tornado - tornados/tornadoes; volcano - volcanos/volcanoes; zero - zeros/zeroes
7. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] series
[ ] species
[x] elfs
[ ] days
It should be 'elves': 'elf-elves'. Nouns ending in '-f/fe' drop the ending and add '-ves' to form their plurals BUT some just add '-s' to the ending: roof-roofs; cliff-cliffs; sheriff-sheriffs. If the noun ends in '-ff' just add '-s'. Sometimes you have a choice: scarf - scarfs/scarves; hoof - hoofs/hooves
8. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] loaves
[ ] oxen
[ ] lice
[x] leafs
It should be 'leaves': 'leaf-leaves'. Nouns ending in '-f/fe' drop the ending and add '-ves' to form their plurals BUT some just add '-s' to the ending: roof-roofs; cliff-cliffs; sheriff-sheriffs. If the noun ends in '-ff' just add '-s'. Sometimes you have a choice: scarf-scarfs/scarves; hoof - hoofs/hooves
9. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[ ] languages
[x] antennaes
[ ] stories
[ ] ghosts
It should be 'antennae/antennas': 'antenna-antennae/antennas'
10. Which plural has been written incorrectly?
[x] focus's
[ ] forests
[ ] fights
[ ] fridges
Focus can take either focuses or foci as a plural