KS2 History Quiz - Romans - Religion (Questions)

One important part of KS2 history is the culture of Ancient Rome and this is the third of four quizzes on the subject. Specifically it looks at the religion, gods and goddesses of Ancient Rome and its conversion to Christianity.

The religion of the Romans incorporated a belief in a collection of gods and goddesses, each with their own responsibilities. For example, Mars was the god of War and Minerva the goddess of Wisdom. They thought of themselves as highly religious and attributed their success as a world power to their good relations with the gods. However, despite their initial persecution of Christians, by the time of the Fall of Rome most Romans had stopped worshipping the Roman gods and goddesses and had become Christians themselves.

See how much you know about the religion of the Ancient Romans by playing this quiz.

1. Where did the Ancient Romans worship their gods?
[ ] In a church
[ ] In a temple
[ ] In a synagogue
[ ] In a mosque
2. What did pre-Christian Romans have in their homes to worship the gods?
[ ] A shrine
[ ] Candles
[ ] A crucifix
[ ] A Bible
3. What did Romans do in the temple?
[ ] They sacrificed animals
[ ] They gave gifts of fruit to the gods
[ ] They placed statues of their gods
[ ] All of these
4. Who were also seen as gods?
[ ] Children
[ ] Centurions
[ ] Emperors
[ ] Women with black hair
5. Why was a coin placed on a dead body?
[ ] To pay for food in the underworld
[ ] To pay the gods for a happy life
[ ] To pay the ferryman to cross the river to the underworld
[ ] To pay admission into the underworld
6. Who was the king of the Roman gods?
[ ] Pluto
[ ] Mars
[ ] Jupiter
[ ] Neptune
7. Who was the goddess of love?
[ ] Venus
[ ] Juno
[ ] Minerva
[ ] Vesta
8. What get their names from many of the Roman gods?
[ ] Mountains in Europe
[ ] The planets
[ ] The oceans
[ ] The streets of London
9. Which emperor made Christianity the official Roman religion?
[ ] Hadrian
[ ] Caesar
[ ] Constantine
[ ] Nero
10. In which century did Rome become Christian?
[ ] 4th Century BCE
[ ] 4th Century CE
[ ] 5th Century BCE
[ ] 5th Century CE

 

KS2 History Quiz - Romans - Religion (Answers)
1. Where did the Ancient Romans worship their gods?
[ ] In a church
[x] In a temple
[ ] In a synagogue
[ ] In a mosque
There were different temples for different gods and goddesses. There were also some temples dedicated to all the gods
2. What did pre-Christian Romans have in their homes to worship the gods?
[x] A shrine
[ ] Candles
[ ] A crucifix
[ ] A Bible
Crucifixes and Bibles came after Rome's conversion to Christianity
3. What did Romans do in the temple?
[ ] They sacrificed animals
[ ] They gave gifts of fruit to the gods
[ ] They placed statues of their gods
[x] All of these
Domestic animals, like pigs, sheep or cattle, were most often sacrificed
4. Who were also seen as gods?
[ ] Children
[ ] Centurions
[x] Emperors
[ ] Women with black hair
Animals were even sacrificed in order to worship the emperor
5. Why was a coin placed on a dead body?
[ ] To pay for food in the underworld
[ ] To pay the gods for a happy life
[x] To pay the ferryman to cross the river to the underworld
[ ] To pay admission into the underworld
The River Styx had to be crossed to reach the underworld
6. Who was the king of the Roman gods?
[ ] Pluto
[ ] Mars
[x] Jupiter
[ ] Neptune
Jupiter was the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Zeus
7. Who was the goddess of love?
[x] Venus
[ ] Juno
[ ] Minerva
[ ] Vesta
Venus was the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite
8. What get their names from many of the Roman gods?
[ ] Mountains in Europe
[x] The planets
[ ] The oceans
[ ] The streets of London
Some of our days of the week and months of the year are also named after Roman gods and emperors
9. Which emperor made Christianity the official Roman religion?
[ ] Hadrian
[ ] Caesar
[x] Constantine
[ ] Nero
The Turkish city of Constantinople (recently renamed Istanbul) was named after Constantine
10. In which century did Rome become Christian?
[ ] 4th Century BCE
[x] 4th Century CE
[ ] 5th Century BCE
[ ] 5th Century CE
Constantine was in his forties when he made Christianity the official religion of Rome some time around 315 AD