In KS2 Year Six, children should be quite comfortable when dealing with fractions in Maths. By now they should be well aware of the values of different fractions and know the difference between numerators and denominators. They should also be able to convert improper fractions into mixed numbers and be good at recognising equivalent values for proper and improper fractions.

Recognising a fraction when you see one is easy. Fractions represent part of a whole number. But not all fractions are the same type. Proper fractions have top numbers, or numerators, lower than their bottom numbers, or denominators. Improper fractions are those where the numerators are bigger than the denominators. Another way to write improper fractions is as mixed numbers where units are shown next to a proper fraction. For example, ^{4}⁄_{3} is the equivalent of 1^{1}⁄_{3}.

Fractions can be tricky to understand. Give your child some help in our extensive Fractions in Maths article.

^{1,000}⁄_{1,000}= 1, just as^{100}⁄_{100}or^{3}⁄_{3}= 1