KS2 Science Quiz - Healthy Eating (Questions)

In this KS2 Science quiz we take a closer look at healthy eating, nutrition and a balanced diet - all vital if we want to maintain a healthy body.

Healthy eating is about the balanced diet your body needs to keep it in good condition. We all know that eating things like crisps, chocolate, sweets and soft drinks alone would be bad nutrition and would not make up a healthy diet. They're ok in small amounts but we need other things - fruit and vegetables, proteins, vitamins and minerals for example - in a balanced diet. It's important that we eat a variety of foods to get all of the nutrients we need to stay healthy.

But what, exactly, is needed to be healthy? Why are vitamins important and in which foods can we find them? See how much you know by trying this quiz on healthy eating and nutrition.

1. Which of the following statements is true?
[ ] A balanced diet should not include anything sweet
[ ] Pasta and vegetables are enough to provide a balanced diet
[ ] A balanced diet must include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water and fibre
[ ] A balanced diet should not include any fats
2. Which of the following foods is a good source of protein?
[ ] Fruit
[ ] Salad
[ ] Butter
[ ] Beans
3. Which of the following foods is a good source of carbohydrates?
[ ] Cheese
[ ] Rice
[ ] Tea
[ ] Celery
4. Fruit and vegetables are a good source of what?
[ ] Vitamins
[ ] Minerals
[ ] Fibre
[ ] All of the above
5. Why is fibre a necessary part of a balanced diet?
[ ] Fibre aids the digestive system
[ ] Fibre aids cell growth and repair
[ ] Fibre is used for energy
[ ] Fibre is essential to build bones and teeth
6. Which of these meals would not provide a healthy balance?
[ ] Pasta baked with cheese and a tomato sauce, served with salad, followed by sliced oranges
[ ] Grilled chicken, salad and new potatoes, followed by yoghurt and fruit
[ ] Vegetable stir-fry, followed by fruit salad and jelly
[ ] Baked salmon, vegetables and rice, followed by banana and ice cream
7. What does the body use carbohydrates for?
[ ] Carbohydrates enable the transport of essential nutrients around the body
[ ] Carbohydrates improve digestion
[ ] Carbohydrates are used by the body for growth
[ ] Carbohydrates provide the body with a source of energy
8. A lack of which vitamin causes scurvy?
[ ] Vitamin A
[ ] Vitamin C
[ ] Vitamin D
[ ] Vitamin E
9. Which vitamin is good for bone health, but is not an essential part of the diet because it can be made by the human body from sunlight?
[ ] Vitamin A
[ ] Vitamin D
[ ] Vitamin E
[ ] Vitamin K
10. Why is it not a good idea to fill your plate with foods that are all the same colour?
[ ] Having foods of a variety of colours shows that the meal contains a variety of nutrients
[ ] Foods that are all the same colour are unhealthy
[ ] A variety of colours shows that your meal is low-fat
[ ] Your plate will look better with lots of different foods

 

KS2 Science Quiz - Healthy Eating (Answers)
1. Which of the following statements is true?
[ ] A balanced diet should not include anything sweet
[ ] Pasta and vegetables are enough to provide a balanced diet
[x] A balanced diet must include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water and fibre
[ ] A balanced diet should not include any fats
Carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water, fibre and even fats are essential for a healthy body - sweet foods, in small amounts, can be included as part of a healthy diet, too
2. Which of the following foods is a good source of protein?
[ ] Fruit
[ ] Salad
[ ] Butter
[x] Beans
Good sources of protein include fish, meat, cheese, eggs and beans
3. Which of the following foods is a good source of carbohydrates?
[ ] Cheese
[x] Rice
[ ] Tea
[ ] Celery
Good sources of carbohydrates include potatoes, bread, pasta, rice and cereal
4. Fruit and vegetables are a good source of what?
[ ] Vitamins
[ ] Minerals
[ ] Fibre
[x] All of the above
Fruit and vegetables are very important parts of a healthy diet
5. Why is fibre a necessary part of a balanced diet?
[x] Fibre aids the digestive system
[ ] Fibre aids cell growth and repair
[ ] Fibre is used for energy
[ ] Fibre is essential to build bones and teeth
Some good sources of fibre are wholemeal bread, brown rice, fruit and veg, beans and cereal
6. Which of these meals would not provide a healthy balance?
[ ] Pasta baked with cheese and a tomato sauce, served with salad, followed by sliced oranges
[ ] Grilled chicken, salad and new potatoes, followed by yoghurt and fruit
[x] Vegetable stir-fry, followed by fruit salad and jelly
[ ] Baked salmon, vegetables and rice, followed by banana and ice cream
Although vegetable stir-fry and fruit salad are very healthy foods, this meal would be more balanced if some protein, such as cashew nuts, were added. A carbohydrate-rich food, such as noodles, would help too
7. What does the body use carbohydrates for?
[ ] Carbohydrates enable the transport of essential nutrients around the body
[ ] Carbohydrates improve digestion
[ ] Carbohydrates are used by the body for growth
[x] Carbohydrates provide the body with a source of energy
Carbohydrates are a good source of energy - only those made from whole grains will also be a good source of fibre, therefore aiding the digestive system
8. A lack of which vitamin causes scurvy?
[ ] Vitamin A
[x] Vitamin C
[ ] Vitamin D
[ ] Vitamin E
In 1747, a doctor in the Royal Navy called James Lind discovered that eating foods with vitamin C could prevent sailors from suffering scurvy
9. Which vitamin is good for bone health, but is not an essential part of the diet because it can be made by the human body from sunlight?
[ ] Vitamin A
[x] Vitamin D
[ ] Vitamin E
[ ] Vitamin K
A lack of vitamin D can lead to diseases like rickets
10. Why is it not a good idea to fill your plate with foods that are all the same colour?
[x] Having foods of a variety of colours shows that the meal contains a variety of nutrients
[ ] Foods that are all the same colour are unhealthy
[ ] A variety of colours shows that your meal is low-fat
[ ] Your plate will look better with lots of different foods
A variety of foods, and therefore a variety of nutrients, is essential for a balanced diet