KS3 Geography Quiz - Development 02 (Questions)

This KS3 Geography quiz looks at development. A poor country is known as a Less Economically Developed Country, or LEDC for short. They usually have an economy that is based on farming. In order to develop the economy, an LEDC needs to industrialise. The reason for that is because manufactured goods can be exported and sold for more money than agricultural produce. Countries that have very few natural resources can find it more difficult to develop. MEDCs (the richest countries) donate money to help with the development of LEDCs.

Regional development is the provision of aid and other assistance to regions which are less economically developed. Regional development may be domestic or international in nature. Many MEDCs pay money into an organisation called the World Bank. This organisation then pays that money to LEDCs in order to help them with projects that will develop their economy. But that doesn't always work for all the people in an LEDC. Some become trapped in a poverty cycle when they have their land taken from them for industrial or intensive agriculture.

1. Work such as making pottery and selling it in the street is called what?
[ ] Immature
[ ] Immoral
[ ] Informal
[ ] Internal
2. When poor people become poorer they are said to be trapped in a poverty what?
[ ] Cycle
[ ] Maze
[ ] Puzzle
[ ] Wheel
3. Why do many UK banks use call centres in India?
[ ] The bosses can have free trips to India
[ ] There are more telephones in India
[ ] They can pay lower wages
[ ] They cannot find workers in the UK
4. Which of these would be an obstacle to development?
[ ] Flat landscape
[ ] Lack of natural resources
[ ] Plentiful water supply
[ ] Temperate climate
5. Which organisation often lends money to LEDCs?
[ ] Global Bank
[ ] International Bank
[ ] Pan European Bank
[ ] World Bank
6. A poor country owned by a richer one is called what?
[ ] A colony
[ ] A mug
[ ] A principality
[ ] A republic
7. What is the best definition of a civil war?
[ ] A war between a monarch and politicians
[ ] A war between a rich and a poor country
[ ] Countries in the same continent fighting each other
[ ] Different groups in the same country fighting each other
8. Goods sold to other countries are called what?
[ ] Exports
[ ] Imports
[ ] Inports
[ ] Outports
9. LEDCs mainly rely on what type of industry?
[ ] Primary
[ ] Quaternary
[ ] Secondary
[ ] Tertiary
10. What means 'the difference between the value of imports and the value of exports'?
[ ] Balance of trade
[ ] Juggling of trade
[ ] Trade deficit
[ ] Trading scale
KS3 Geography Quiz - Development 02 (Answers)
1. Work such as making pottery and selling it in the street is called what?
[ ] Immature
[ ] Immoral
[x] Informal
[ ] Internal
Informal employment is common in LEDCs
2. When poor people become poorer they are said to be trapped in a poverty what?
[x] Cycle
[ ] Maze
[ ] Puzzle
[ ] Wheel
They are trapped because they need money to help them to improve their lives. If they can't get jobs or if they can't buy tools and materials to grow or make things to sell, they are stuck in poverty. There are even people in the UK caught in a poverty cycle, it is not just a problem limited to LEDCs
3. Why do many UK banks use call centres in India?
[ ] The bosses can have free trips to India
[ ] There are more telephones in India
[x] They can pay lower wages
[ ] They cannot find workers in the UK
This increases the profits of companies who do this
4. Which of these would be an obstacle to development?
[ ] Flat landscape
[x] Lack of natural resources
[ ] Plentiful water supply
[ ] Temperate climate
Raw materials can be extracted and used to increase wealth
5. Which organisation often lends money to LEDCs?
[ ] Global Bank
[ ] International Bank
[ ] Pan European Bank
[x] World Bank
It receives donations from rich countries which can then be shared out to poor countries
6. A poor country owned by a richer one is called what?
[x] A colony
[ ] A mug
[ ] A principality
[ ] A republic
Colonies were common in the past - rich countries stripped many of them of their wealth
7. What is the best definition of a civil war?
[ ] A war between a monarch and politicians
[ ] A war between a rich and a poor country
[ ] Countries in the same continent fighting each other
[x] Different groups in the same country fighting each other
Money for development may be wasted in the war
8. Goods sold to other countries are called what?
[x] Exports
[ ] Imports
[ ] Inports
[ ] Outports
Exports are important to a country as they bring money into the country from other countries
9. LEDCs mainly rely on what type of industry?
[x] Primary
[ ] Quaternary
[ ] Secondary
[ ] Tertiary
Natural resources are usually sold for low prices
10. What means 'the difference between the value of imports and the value of exports'?
[x] Balance of trade
[ ] Juggling of trade
[ ] Trade deficit
[ ] Trading scale
A positive balance of trade means that a country earns more from its exports than it spends on its imports