KS3 Geography Quiz - UK Farming 02 (Questions)

Have a go at our second KS3 Geography quiz all about UK farming. Agriculture is the production, processing, marketing and use of foods, fibres and by-products from plant crops and animals. In the UK, agriculture accounts for about five percent of the economy. The main crops that are grown are wheat and barley whilst the main animals that are farmed are cattle, pigs and poultry. There are two kinds of cattle farming - dairy and beef. Dairy cattle provide us with milk, which is also turned into cheese.

Farmers sometimes plant winter crops to reduce erosion and prevent leaching of nutrients. They plant the winter crops in autumn, the crops grow a little before it becomes too cold, then when the weather warms up and they start to grow again, they can be harvested or simply ploughed back into the soil to increase its fertility.

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Alternatively, crops can be used as animal feed. But if animals are fed food that is not appropriate for their species, it can lead to problems. In the 1990s there was an outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE for short) when cattle were fed the wrong food. As a result of the mistake on one farm, over 4 million cattle had to be killed to prevent the spread of the disease.

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1. Which is not a cereal crop?
[ ] Barley
[ ] Oilseed rape
[ ] Rye
[ ] Wheat
2. Making a profit from sales of produce is called what?
[ ] Commercial farming
[ ] Cumulative farming
[ ] Sedentary farming
[ ] Speculative farming
3. Why would a farmer use crop rotation?
[ ] To keep the soil healthy
[ ] To make the fields look prettier
[ ] To scare off birds
[ ] To stop him getting bored
4. Which is not an important factor for dairy farming?
[ ] Fertile soil
[ ] Flat land
[ ] Large labour force
[ ] Plenty of rain
5. What are common features of market gardens?
[ ] Combine harvesters
[ ] Greenhouses
[ ] Shearing sheds
[ ] Windmills
6. In recent years farms have been affected by which disease?
[ ] Beak and claw
[ ] Foot and mouth
[ ] Horn and udder
[ ] Trotter and snout
7. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is commonly known as what?
[ ] Silly cow disease
[ ] Crazy cow disease
[ ] Mad cow disease
[ ] Crackers cow disease
8. Using farmland differently to make money is called what?
[ ] Contradiction
[ ] Desperation
[ ] Diversification
[ ] Separation
9. Which is not an important sheep farming area?
[ ] East Anglia
[ ] Lake District
[ ] North Wales
[ ] North Yorkshire
10. Introduced by the EU, what is a quota?
[ ] A ban on certain types of farming
[ ] A loan to be paid back over 10 years
[ ] Money to buy equipment
[ ] The maximum amount the EU will buy from a farmer
KS3 Geography Quiz - UK Farming 02 (Answers)
1. Which is not a cereal crop?
[ ] Barley
[x] Oilseed rape
[ ] Rye
[ ] Wheat
It's used to make vegetable oil
2. Making a profit from sales of produce is called what?
[x] Commercial farming
[ ] Cumulative farming
[ ] Sedentary farming
[ ] Speculative farming
It is the opposite to subsistence farming
3. Why would a farmer use crop rotation?
[x] To keep the soil healthy
[ ] To make the fields look prettier
[ ] To scare off birds
[ ] To stop him getting bored
Crops such as wheat take many nutrients from the soil, crop rotation allows them to be replenished naturally
4. Which is not an important factor for dairy farming?
[ ] Fertile soil
[ ] Flat land
[x] Large labour force
[ ] Plenty of rain
Machinery has replaced humans on many dairy farms
5. What are common features of market gardens?
[ ] Combine harvesters
[x] Greenhouses
[ ] Shearing sheds
[ ] Windmills
Temperature and water supply can be controlled
6. In recent years farms have been affected by which disease?
[ ] Beak and claw
[x] Foot and mouth
[ ] Horn and udder
[ ] Trotter and snout
During a foot and mouth disease outbreak, access to the countryside is carefully controlled
7. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is commonly known as what?
[ ] Silly cow disease
[ ] Crazy cow disease
[x] Mad cow disease
[ ] Crackers cow disease
Sales of beef and dairy products were heavily affected by the outbreak of BSE in the 1990s because it can mutate into a form that affects humans
8. Using farmland differently to make money is called what?
[ ] Contradiction
[ ] Desperation
[x] Diversification
[ ] Separation
For example setting up a campsite
9. Which is not an important sheep farming area?
[x] East Anglia
[ ] Lake District
[ ] North Wales
[ ] North Yorkshire
East Anglia is too flat and fertile! Sheep farming is associated with highland areas with poor soils
10. Introduced by the EU, what is a quota?
[ ] A ban on certain types of farming
[ ] A loan to be paid back over 10 years
[ ] Money to buy equipment
[x] The maximum amount the EU will buy from a farmer
The idea is to prevent cheap imports and large farms from putting small farms out of business