KS3 History Quiz - Medieval Castles 01 (Questions)

This KS3 History quiz challenges you about medieval castles. Although castles existed before the medieval period, they were just fortified villages surrounded by a wooden palisade (large strong fence) and one or more ditches. After the Norman invasion of 1066, a new phase of castle building took place. Instead of housing ordinary people, castles were built to house the Norman soldiers and nobles. They showed off the power of the invaders, provided a safe place for Norman soldiers to live and reminded the British people that they had been invaded and had better watch out should they decide to rebel!

The first castles built by the Normans were of a relatively simple motte and bailey design. A motte is a tall mound of earth and stones with steep sides. A fairly simple but strong wooden structure was built on the top of the motte. The bailey was the surrounding area usually protected by a ditch and palisade. A motte and bailey castle could be constructed in less than 3 months by a team of 50 soldiers.

1. Castles were first built in England after which event?
[ ] Julius Caesar's invasion
[ ] The Battle of Agincourt
[ ] The Norman Conquest
[ ] The Spanish Armada
2. Which King had the first castles built?
[ ] Harold II
[ ] Stephen
[ ] William I
[ ] William II
3. William was worried about attacks by which people?
[ ] Huns
[ ] Jutes
[ ] Saxons
[ ] Vikings
4. What were the earliest castles made of?
[ ] Brick
[ ] Concrete
[ ] Earth and wood
[ ] Sand and pebbles
5. A wooden fort built on top of a mound was called a .......
[ ] Mite
[ ] Moat
[ ] Motte
[ ] Mount
6. The enclosed area around the motte was the .......
[ ] Bailey
[ ] Bailiff
[ ] Bailrigg
[ ] Bewley
7. What usually protected a motte and bailey castle?
[ ] A high hedge
[ ] A line of trees
[ ] A wooden fence
[ ] Electric fences
8. The wooden fence had what special name?
[ ] Balustrade
[ ] Palisade
[ ] Palister
[ ] Palladio
9. As well as the king, castles were symbols of authority for whom?
[ ] Barons
[ ] Lord Mayors
[ ] Priests
[ ] Schoolteachers
10. What was an advantage of motte and bailey castles?
[ ] The wood rotted fairly quickly
[ ] They did not last for very long
[ ] They were cheap and quick to build
[ ] They were easily set on fire
KS3 History Quiz - Medieval Castles 01 (Answers)
1. Castles were first built in England after which event?
[ ] Julius Caesar's invasion
[ ] The Battle of Agincourt
[x] The Norman Conquest
[ ] The Spanish Armada
The Normans came from France where they used castles to protect themselves from invaders from further north like the Vikings
2. Which King had the first castles built?
[ ] Harold II
[ ] Stephen
[x] William I
[ ] William II
He was also known as William the Conqueror
3. William was worried about attacks by which people?
[ ] Huns
[ ] Jutes
[x] Saxons
[ ] Vikings
He had defeated the Saxons at the Battle of Hastings
4. What were the earliest castles made of?
[ ] Brick
[ ] Concrete
[x] Earth and wood
[ ] Sand and pebbles
Using these made it possible to build a castle in just a few weeks
5. A wooden fort built on top of a mound was called a .......
[ ] Mite
[ ] Moat
[x] Motte
[ ] Mount
It protected the most important people
6. The enclosed area around the motte was the .......
[x] Bailey
[ ] Bailiff
[ ] Bailrigg
[ ] Bewley
People often lived within the bailey
7. What usually protected a motte and bailey castle?
[ ] A high hedge
[ ] A line of trees
[x] A wooden fence
[ ] Electric fences
A wooden bridge or ladder linked the motte to the bailey
8. The wooden fence had what special name?
[ ] Balustrade
[x] Palisade
[ ] Palister
[ ] Palladio
A palisade is a simple fence built from stakes of wood hammered into the ground and often sharpened at the top
9. As well as the king, castles were symbols of authority for whom?
[x] Barons
[ ] Lord Mayors
[ ] Priests
[ ] Schoolteachers
By 1070 about 400 had been built
10. What was an advantage of motte and bailey castles?
[ ] The wood rotted fairly quickly
[ ] They did not last for very long
[x] They were cheap and quick to build
[ ] They were easily set on fire
It was reported that the motte and bailey castle at Dover was built in just eight days