KS3 History Quiz - The French Revolution 04 (Questions)

This KS3 History quiz takes a further look at the French Revolution. Revolution can be defined as a complete, drastic and usually far-reaching change. History tells us that was certainly the case during the French Revolution! The kings of France had enjoyed absolute power for almost a thousand years. The nobles still operated a feudal system, similar to the one that had existed in the Middle Ages in Britain. The lords extracted taxes from the poor and built their magnificent chateaus. King Louis XVI was in power but was not a strong or particularly popular king. His support for the Americans against the British during the War of Independence cost a lot of money. This did not help the state of the French economy.

Louis XVI's reign as an absolute monarch came to an end when a mob of angry women infiltrated the Palace of Versailles and tried to kill Marie Antoinette.

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She was associated with a luxury lifestyle that highlighted the differences between the ruling classes and the working population. They were forced to move to the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Less than two years later, the King must have realised that the monarchy would soon be completely abolished. He realised that their lives were in danger once again and attempted to flee to Austria. He was captured at a place called Varennes and eventually executed in Paris.

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1. What happened to the Church under the new Constitution?
[ ] All the church buildings were demolished
[ ] All the Priests were banished
[ ] Catholicism was banned
[ ] Its land was given to the State
2. When the King fled Paris in 1791 he was caught where?
[ ] Artenay
[ ] Beauvais
[ ] Chantilly
[ ] Varennes
3. Many sans-culottes wore a red .......
[ ] Beret of Defiance
[ ] Cap of Liberty
[ ] Scarf of Freedom
[ ] Shirt of Blood
4. At which palace was Louis XVI arrested in 1791?
[ ] Evian Palace
[ ] Palace of Fontainebleau
[ ] Palace of Versailles
[ ] Tuileries Palace
5. Many blamed the King for France's defeat by which country in a war of 1792?
[ ] Austria
[ ] Italy
[ ] Portugal
[ ] Spain
6. When the starving could not afford bread Marie Antoinette is claimed to have said .......
[ ] 'Can't they have toast instead'
[ ] 'Let them bake their own'
[ ] 'Let them eat cake'
[ ] 'The peasants are revolting'
7. September 1791 saw France announced as what?
[ ] A Democracy
[ ] A Republic
[ ] Bankrupt
[ ] Being in a state of emergency
8. When Louis went on trial what was he not charged with?
[ ] Bankrupting France
[ ] Being disloyal to the new Constitution
[ ] Murder
[ ] Plotting with France's enemies
9. How was Louis executed in January 1793?
[ ] By firing squad
[ ] By guillotine
[ ] By hanging
[ ] By the electric chair
10. What word means the killing of a king?
[ ] Crownicide
[ ] Palicide
[ ] Regicide
[ ] Rulicide
KS3 History Quiz - The French Revolution 04 (Answers)
1. What happened to the Church under the new Constitution?
[ ] All the church buildings were demolished
[ ] All the Priests were banished
[ ] Catholicism was banned
[x] Its land was given to the State
Before then, the Church owned a significant percentage of the land in France
2. When the King fled Paris in 1791 he was caught where?
[ ] Artenay
[ ] Beauvais
[ ] Chantilly
[x] Varennes
He was recognised despite being in disguise and using a false name
3. Many sans-culottes wore a red .......
[ ] Beret of Defiance
[x] Cap of Liberty
[ ] Scarf of Freedom
[ ] Shirt of Blood
This was a red felt hat with a conical shape. The tip of the cone was pulled forward
4. At which palace was Louis XVI arrested in 1791?
[ ] Evian Palace
[ ] Palace of Fontainebleau
[ ] Palace of Versailles
[x] Tuileries Palace
It no longer exists, but it originally stood next to where the Louvre art gallery is. It burnt down and eventually the ruins were demolished
5. Many blamed the King for France's defeat by which country in a war of 1792?
[x] Austria
[ ] Italy
[ ] Portugal
[ ] Spain
The war caused higher food prices and starvation
6. When the starving could not afford bread Marie Antoinette is claimed to have said .......
[ ] 'Can't they have toast instead'
[ ] 'Let them bake their own'
[x] 'Let them eat cake'
[ ] 'The peasants are revolting'
It seems very likely that this is a myth and that she never said these words at all. The words appeared in a book by the French writer Rousseau when referring to a princess, but he didn't name the princess. The book was published before Marie Antoinette even arrived in France. The English translation is not quite correct. In French, the word used was actually 'brioche' which is a sweetened bread, not a cake. It requires eggs, milk and sugar to make it and was therefore an expensive luxury, so if she did say it, you can probably see how it could annoy starving people with little money to spend on food
7. September 1791 saw France announced as what?
[ ] A Democracy
[x] A Republic
[ ] Bankrupt
[ ] Being in a state of emergency
This means the monarchy was abolished
8. When Louis went on trial what was he not charged with?
[ ] Bankrupting France
[ ] Being disloyal to the new Constitution
[x] Murder
[ ] Plotting with France's enemies
Revolutionary Jean-Baptiste Drouet wanted to execute Louis without any sort of trial
9. How was Louis executed in January 1793?
[ ] By firing squad
[x] By guillotine
[ ] By hanging
[ ] By the electric chair
His wife was guillotined in October of the same year
10. What word means the killing of a king?
[ ] Crownicide
[ ] Palicide
[x] Regicide
[ ] Rulicide
The word comes from the Latin word reg or regis meaning king and the suffix -cide which usually indicates some sort of killing has taken place