KS3 History Quiz - The Industrial Revolution 01 (Questions)

This KS3 History quiz challenges you on the Industrial Revolution. The term 'Industrial Revolution' refers to the changes that occurred in Britain between about 1750 and 1900. It involved a change from small domestic industry to large-scale manufacturing in factories. During the eighteenth century and before, manufactured goods were made locally and on a small scale in cottage industries. Before the Industrial Revolution, some textiles were made in homes and others in small workshops where several people worked for a master weaver.

During the course of the eighteenth century, the machinery used for weaving was improved and new machines were developed. These needed much less labour to produce larger quantities of textiles. Around the middle of the century, spinning and weaving mills started to appear.

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In 1772, Richard Arkwright built what is said to be the first factory of the Industrial Revolution. He used water power to drive the spinning and weaving machines in his five-storeys-high mill at Cromford in Derbyshire. Not long after that, the idea was copied and improved by the use of steam power to drive the machines. Many entrepreneurs set up mills in the area of Manchester which gained the nickname of cottonopolis because of the large number of textile factories there.

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1. Before about 1750, where was most industry based?
[ ] In factories
[ ] In the home
[ ] Near the sea
[ ] Wales
2. What was another name for the domestic system?
[ ] Bungalow industry
[ ] Cottage industry
[ ] House industry
[ ] Hovel industry
3. The most common industry in homes was what?
[ ] Cake making
[ ] Iron making
[ ] Pottery
[ ] Textiles
4. Which of these did NOT lead to the Industrial Revolution?
[ ] A rising population meant employers had more workers
[ ] Banks had money to lend to factory owners
[ ] Millions of foreign workers arrived from abroad
[ ] Rising demand for goods from a growing population
5. Which statement did NOT apply to the domestic system?
[ ] Homes were too small for large machines
[ ] It was small-scale, so little cloth was produced
[ ] Only hand power was used
[ ] There was strict quality control on the finished cloth
6. Which areas of Britain saw most growth at that time?
[ ] Parklands
[ ] Scotland
[ ] Seaside resorts
[ ] Urban areas
7. Who built the first large cotton spinning factory?
[ ] Henry Cartwright
[ ] James Allwright
[ ] Matthew Wainwright
[ ] Richard Arkwright
8. Arkwright built which village to house his workers?
[ ] Cranford
[ ] Cromford
[ ] Latchford
[ ] Stamford
9. What replaced water power to drive the new machinery?
[ ] Electricity
[ ] Horsepower
[ ] Manpower
[ ] Steam
10. The new factory towns grew up around what?
[ ] Coalfields
[ ] Rivers
[ ] Sea ports
[ ] Shopping centres
KS3 History Quiz - The Industrial Revolution 01 (Answers)
1. Before about 1750, where was most industry based?
[ ] In factories
[x] In the home
[ ] Near the sea
[ ] Wales
Known as the domestic system (of industry)
2. What was another name for the domestic system?
[ ] Bungalow industry
[x] Cottage industry
[ ] House industry
[ ] Hovel industry
Cottage industries cannot compete against the mass-production of items in factories. They produce smaller amounts that are more expensive to buy and have a more variable quality
3. The most common industry in homes was what?
[ ] Cake making
[ ] Iron making
[ ] Pottery
[x] Textiles
We get the word 'spinster' from the girls who spun the yarn
4. Which of these did NOT lead to the Industrial Revolution?
[ ] A rising population meant employers had more workers
[ ] Banks had money to lend to factory owners
[x] Millions of foreign workers arrived from abroad
[ ] Rising demand for goods from a growing population
The workers for the factories were often people migrating from rural settlements to urban centres
5. Which statement did NOT apply to the domestic system?
[ ] Homes were too small for large machines
[ ] It was small-scale, so little cloth was produced
[ ] Only hand power was used
[x] There was strict quality control on the finished cloth
There was no way of ensuring consistent quality
6. Which areas of Britain saw most growth at that time?
[ ] Parklands
[ ] Scotland
[ ] Seaside resorts
[x] Urban areas
It was more convenient to build factories in towns and cities as there were better transport links as well as a readily available workforce
7. Who built the first large cotton spinning factory?
[ ] Henry Cartwright
[ ] James Allwright
[ ] Matthew Wainwright
[x] Richard Arkwright
In 1771 in Derbyshire - it used water power
8. Arkwright built which village to house his workers?
[ ] Cranford
[x] Cromford
[ ] Latchford
[ ] Stamford
He even built a church
9. What replaced water power to drive the new machinery?
[ ] Electricity
[ ] Horsepower
[ ] Manpower
[x] Steam
The first steam engines were used in the early 1700s to pump water out of mines but it was only in the late 1700s that they were starting to be used to power factory machinery
10. The new factory towns grew up around what?
[x] Coalfields
[ ] Rivers
[ ] Sea ports
[ ] Shopping centres
Coal produced steam to power the factory machines