KS3 History Quiz - The Industrial Revolution 03 (Questions)

This KS3 History quiz asks questions about the Industrial Revolution. Without steam engines and iron, the Industrial Revolution may not have happened. Iron production was only carried out on a small scale before the eighteenth century. It increased by about 10 times between 1750 and 1830 and, without iron, the steam engine could not have been made. Iron production was on a small scale before Abraham Darby invented a method of extracting iron using coke. The coke replaced charcoal as a fuel.

Coke was initially cheaper than charcoal and it overcame the problems of a lack of wood to produce charcoal locally. The iron that was produced was not particularly pure and was called cast iron. Cast Iron was brittle but strong enough to make many machine parts and building materials like girders and columns. Eventually, during the middle of the nineteenth century, Henry Bessemer discovered a way of making steel, a much less brittle, stronger and more useful material than cast iron and wrought iron. This opened up the way for some incredible pieces of engineering.

1. Edmund Cartwright's invention caused unemployment for which workers?
[ ] Cloth dyers
[ ] Hand-loom weavers
[ ] Sheep shearers
[ ] Wool sorters
2. Those who smashed factory machinery were called what?
[ ] Doleites
[ ] Hittites
[ ] Luddites
[ ] Mabbites
3. Who usually crawled under a jammed machine?
[ ] Children
[ ] Factory owners
[ ] Men
[ ] Women
4. Iron and steel making required what form of coal?
[ ] Anthracite
[ ] Bituminous coal
[ ] Coke
[ ] Lignite
5. Which of the following cities is most associated with steel making?
[ ] Bristol
[ ] Edinburgh
[ ] Manchester
[ ] Sheffield
6. In the early 18th century, who began making cast iron?
[ ] Abraham Darby
[ ] Adam Lester
[ ] Moses Carlisle
[ ] Noah Durham
7. Cast iron that could be shaped by bending or hammering was called what?
[ ] Distressed iron
[ ] Pressed iron
[ ] Wrought iron
[ ] Wrung iron
8. In the 1850's who developed a steelmaking process?
[ ] David Fitzsimmons
[ ] Henry Bessemer
[ ] Henry Cort
[ ] John Neilson
9. James Watt improved whose steam engine in the 1760's?
[ ] Terence Newgate
[ ] Thomas Newcomen
[ ] Timothy Newland
[ ] Tom Newsome
10. Which factory owner financed James Watt's work?
[ ] James Nasmyth
[ ] Lionel French
[ ] Matthew Boulton
[ ] Thomas Savery
KS3 History Quiz - The Industrial Revolution 03 (Answers)
1. Edmund Cartwright's invention caused unemployment for which workers?
[ ] Cloth dyers
[x] Hand-loom weavers
[ ] Sheep shearers
[ ] Wool sorters
His power loom was driven by steam engines
2. Those who smashed factory machinery were called what?
[ ] Doleites
[ ] Hittites
[x] Luddites
[ ] Mabbites
They were mainly unemployed skilled workers who were concerned about the loss of skills within the textile industry
3. Who usually crawled under a jammed machine?
[x] Children
[ ] Factory owners
[ ] Men
[ ] Women
Very dangerous - machines were often still running
4. Iron and steel making required what form of coal?
[ ] Anthracite
[ ] Bituminous coal
[x] Coke
[ ] Lignite
This was made by heating coal in the absence of air
5. Which of the following cities is most associated with steel making?
[ ] Bristol
[ ] Edinburgh
[ ] Manchester
[x] Sheffield
Especially stainless steel, particularly cutlery
6. In the early 18th century, who began making cast iron?
[x] Abraham Darby
[ ] Adam Lester
[ ] Moses Carlisle
[ ] Noah Durham
He used coke instead of charcoal
7. Cast iron that could be shaped by bending or hammering was called what?
[ ] Distressed iron
[ ] Pressed iron
[x] Wrought iron
[ ] Wrung iron
Stronger than cast iron - used for tools and machines but it was only made in small quantities and was therefore very expensive
8. In the 1850's who developed a steelmaking process?
[ ] David Fitzsimmons
[x] Henry Bessemer
[ ] Henry Cort
[ ] John Neilson
Steel was less brittle than wrought iron
9. James Watt improved whose steam engine in the 1760's?
[ ] Terence Newgate
[x] Thomas Newcomen
[ ] Timothy Newland
[ ] Tom Newsome
Newcomen's was the first really practical working steam engine
10. Which factory owner financed James Watt's work?
[ ] James Nasmyth
[ ] Lionel French
[x] Matthew Boulton
[ ] Thomas Savery
He was a Birmingham businessman