History: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Pyramids and Mummies (Questions)

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Ancient Egypt is most famous for its pyramids and mummies. Pyramids have been built by civilizations in many parts of the world, though none can quite compare with those of Ancient Egypt. For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids. The Great Pyramid of Khufu in Egypt is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still remaining. The pyramids were tombs for the pharaohs - the rulers of the kingdom. The bodies of the pharaohs were preserved for thousands of years and can still be seen today as mummies.

1. What were the Egyptian pyramids used for?
[ ] Tombs built for Pharaohs
[ ] Pharaoh's palaces
[ ] Grain stores
[ ] Large family homes
2. Where are the three largest pyramids still in Egypt?
[ ] Memphis
[ ] Cairo
[ ] Alexandria
[ ] Giza
3. What was built around the pyramids to help build them?
[ ] Scaffolding
[ ] Ramps
[ ] Bridges
[ ] Walls
4. What was usually placed on the top of the pyramid?
[ ] A statue of the pharaoh
[ ] A statue of a Bird
[ ] A statue of a Jackal
[ ] Gold
5. What is the first process of mummification?
[ ] Wrapping
[ ] Burying
[ ] Embalming
[ ] Cremating
6. What was originally placed in canopic jars?
[ ] Fingers
[ ] Oils
[ ] Pharaoh's ashes
[ ] Internal organs
7. What is a mummy wrapped in?
[ ] Cotton
[ ] Papyrus
[ ] Paper
[ ] Linen
8. What was placed between the layers of bandages?
[ ] Amulets
[ ] Internal organs
[ ] Pharaoh's hair
[ ] Paper
9. What was placed in the mummy's hands?
[ ] The Book of Life
[ ] The Book of the Dead
[ ] The Book of the Afterlife
[ ] The Book of Truth
10. What are the mummies' coffins placed inside?
[ ] A hole in the ground
[ ] A third coffin
[ ] A sarcophagus
[ ] A metal container
History: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Pyramids and Mummies (Answers)
1. What were the Egyptian pyramids used for?
[x] Tombs built for Pharaohs
[ ] Pharaoh's palaces
[ ] Grain stores
[ ] Large family homes
The Egyptian pharaohs began building pyramids to house their earthly remains around 2700 BC
2. Where are the three largest pyramids still in Egypt?
[ ] Memphis
[ ] Cairo
[ ] Alexandria
[x] Giza
The largest pyramid was The Great Pyramid built for pharaoh Khufu
3. What was built around the pyramids to help build them?
[ ] Scaffolding
[x] Ramps
[ ] Bridges
[ ] Walls
Archeological evidence for the use of ramps has been found at several pyramids. They made it easier to raise the heavy stones
4. What was usually placed on the top of the pyramid?
[ ] A statue of the pharaoh
[ ] A statue of a Bird
[ ] A statue of a Jackal
[x] Gold
The pyramids were originally covered in polished stone which made them very shiny
5. What is the first process of mummification?
[ ] Wrapping
[ ] Burying
[x] Embalming
[ ] Cremating
The Ancient Egyptians were experts at preserving dead bodies
6. What was originally placed in canopic jars?
[ ] Fingers
[ ] Oils
[ ] Pharaoh's ashes
[x] Internal organs
Later the Egyptians began to return the organs to the body once they had been dried
7. What is a mummy wrapped in?
[ ] Cotton
[ ] Papyrus
[ ] Paper
[x] Linen
Linen is a type of cloth made from the fibers of the flax plant
8. What was placed between the layers of bandages?
[x] Amulets
[ ] Internal organs
[ ] Pharaoh's hair
[ ] Paper
Amulets were thought to protect the body in the afterlife
9. What was placed in the mummy's hands?
[ ] The Book of Life
[x] The Book of the Dead
[ ] The Book of the Afterlife
[ ] The Book of Truth
The Book of the Dead was a book of spells to help entry to the afterlife
10. What are the mummies' coffins placed inside?
[ ] A hole in the ground
[ ] A third coffin
[x] A sarcophagus
[ ] A metal container
The mummy was put in two coffins before the Sarcophagus