History: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Roman Army (Questions)

This History quiz is called 'Roman Army' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.

It costs only $12.50 per month to play this quiz and over 3,500 others that help you with your school work. You can subscribe on the page at Join Us

The army of the Roman Empire was made up of legions, cohorts and centuries, manned by legionaries and centurions. The Roman Army was well trained and very efficient at invading other lands. It was an important tool in conquering tribes and creating the Roman Empire. Just like in the modern army, Roman soldiers spent only a small part of their lives at war. Most of their time was spent on routine military duties such as training, patrolling and maintenance of equipment.

1. What was a Roman soldier called?
[ ] A centurion
[ ] A troop
[ ] A legionary
[ ] A scout
2. How many soldiers were in a legion?
[ ] 100 - 500 soldiers
[ ] 1,000 - 2,000 soldiers
[ ] 4,000 - 6,000 soldiers
[ ] 10,000 soldiers
3. What was the leader of a legion called?
[ ] A centurion
[ ] A legate
[ ] A cohort
[ ] A general
4. How many cohorts were in a legion?
[ ] 5
[ ] 10
[ ] 20
[ ] 50
5. What did a centurion lead?
[ ] A century
[ ] A cohort
[ ] A legion
[ ] An army
6. How many legionaries were in a century?
[ ] 50
[ ] 80
[ ] 100
[ ] 1,000
7. Which of these was not a Roman weapon?
[ ] Catapult
[ ] Cannon
[ ] Javelin
[ ] Sword
8. What was a Roman legionary’s armor made of?
[ ] Metal strips
[ ] Wooden strips
[ ] Leather strips
[ ] Paper strips
9. How many years was a legionary required to serve in the army?
[ ] 10
[ ] 15
[ ] 25
[ ] 30
10. What did a legionary receive when they retired?
[ ] A watch
[ ] A golden sword
[ ] A house
[ ] A pension
History: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Roman Army (Answers)
1. What was a Roman soldier called?
[ ] A centurion
[ ] A troop
[x] A legionary
[ ] A scout
Legionaries were grouped together in legions
2. How many soldiers were in a legion?
[ ] 100 - 500 soldiers
[ ] 1,000 - 2,000 soldiers
[x] 4,000 - 6,000 soldiers
[ ] 10,000 soldiers
The legions were the Roman army's elite heavy infantry
3. What was the leader of a legion called?
[ ] A centurion
[x] A legate
[ ] A cohort
[ ] A general
There were around 30 legions in the Roman Army
4. How many cohorts were in a legion?
[ ] 5
[x] 10
[ ] 20
[ ] 50
The commanding officer of the first cohort was the leader of the legion
5. What did a centurion lead?
[x] A century
[ ] A cohort
[ ] A legion
[ ] An army
There were six centuries in a cohort
6. How many legionaries were in a century?
[ ] 50
[x] 80
[ ] 100
[ ] 1,000
A century had 100 men but only 80 were legionaries
7. Which of these was not a Roman weapon?
[ ] Catapult
[x] Cannon
[ ] Javelin
[ ] Sword
Cannons were not used in Europe until the 11th or 12th century
8. What was a Roman legionary’s armor made of?
[x] Metal strips
[ ] Wooden strips
[ ] Leather strips
[ ] Paper strips
The armor was surprisingly effective
9. How many years was a legionary required to serve in the army?
[ ] 10
[ ] 15
[x] 25
[ ] 30
Legionaries were Roman citizens under the age of 45 who signed up for 25 years in the army
10. What did a legionary receive when they retired?
[ ] A watch
[ ] A golden sword
[ ] A house
[x] A pension
Instead of a pension some soldiers were given a gift of farmland