Science: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Taxonomy (Questions)

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What is taxonomy? Taxonomy is the science of naming, classifying and describing organisms. This includes all forms of plants, animals and even micro-organisms in the world. All things are then placed or arranged in a specific order. In fact, the Greek translation of “taxonomy” is “arranged method.” The father of taxonomy is Carl Linnaeus. He was born in Sweden in 1707.

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In the past 250 years, taxonomists (those who study taxonomy) have identified and named some 1.78 million species of animals, micro-organisms and animals. However, it is believed that if ever completed, there will be somewhere between 5 to 30 million species.

What is a species? The largest group of organisms that are capable of interbreeding and producing offspring are known as species. Species include all kinds of animals, fungi, plants and micro-organisms. As the names for organisms are used in many languages, to make them more universal, their scientific names are given in Latin.

TAXONOMY AND CLASSIFICATION

Both taxonomy and classification are methods by which things are organized and then categorized into a simple form in which humans can comprehend. Through both we can create databases to separate and compare things.

Taxonomy is the orderly classification of animals and plants according to their natural relationships. It is an exhaustive, detailed listing. In the taxonomy process, a name is given to things or groups of things and then they are positioned into a hierarchy order. For example, a mouse would be lower in the hierarchy than a river rat.

Classification is the systematic arrangement into groups or categories according to specific criteria but it is not as an exhaustive listing as in taxonomy. As a simplistic example, it would be the division of all candies from all vegetables. Items are generally classified using only one or two criteria.

In short, taxonomy is the method of describing the relationships between things while classification is merely grouping items together.

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1. Taxonomy is the science of _______.
[ ] classifying cells and their structure
[ ] naming, classifying and describing organisms
[ ] recognizing differences in animals and plants
[ ] preserving animal tissue
2. He was the father of taxonomy.
[ ] Plato
[ ] Carl Linnaeus
[ ] Julius Caesar
[ ] Pontius Pilot
3. Taxonomy is Greek for __________.
[ ] organisms
[ ] hierarchy
[ ] arranged method
[ ] classification
4. As the name of organisms comes in many languages, the universal naming is given in ________.
[ ] Latin
[ ] English
[ ] Greek
[ ] Swedish
5. The largest group of organisms that are capable of interbreeding and producing offspring are known as ________.
[ ] taxonomy
[ ] fungi
[ ] plants
[ ] species
6. In the past 250 years, taxonomists have identified and named some _____ species of animals, micro-organisms and animals.
[ ] 5 million
[ ] 1.78 million
[ ] 30 million
[ ] 800,000
7. The systematic arrangement into groups or categories according to specific criteria is known as ___________.
[ ] classification
[ ] arranged method
[ ] hierarchy order
[ ] natural relationships
8. It is an exhaustive, detailed listing of species.
[ ] Micro-organisms
[ ] Linnaeus
[ ] Taxonomy
[ ] Classification
9. Through both taxonomy and classification we can create ________ of species.
[ ] hierarchy
[ ] groupings
[ ] arrangements
[ ] databases
10. Items are generally classified using only one or two _____.
[ ] organisms
[ ] criteria
[ ] similarities
[ ] species
Science: Middle School: Grades 6, 7 and 8 Quiz - Taxonomy (Answers)
1. Taxonomy is the science of _______.
[ ] classifying cells and their structure
[x] naming, classifying and describing organisms
[ ] recognizing differences in animals and plants
[ ] preserving animal tissue
Taxonomy is the science of naming, classifying and describing organisms. Answer (b) is correct
2. He was the father of taxonomy.
[ ] Plato
[x] Carl Linnaeus
[ ] Julius Caesar
[ ] Pontius Pilot
Carl Linnaeus is the father of taxonomy. Answer (b) is correct
3. Taxonomy is Greek for __________.
[ ] organisms
[ ] hierarchy
[x] arranged method
[ ] classification
Taxonomy is Greek for “arranged method.” Answer (c) is correct
4. As the name of organisms comes in many languages, the universal naming is given in ________.
[x] Latin
[ ] English
[ ] Greek
[ ] Swedish
The universal scientific name for organisms is given in Latin. Answer (a) is correct
5. The largest group of organisms that are capable of interbreeding and producing offspring are known as ________.
[ ] taxonomy
[ ] fungi
[ ] plants
[x] species
The largest group of organisms that are capable of interbreeding and producing offspring are known as species. Answer (d) is correct
6. In the past 250 years, taxonomists have identified and named some _____ species of animals, micro-organisms and animals.
[ ] 5 million
[x] 1.78 million
[ ] 30 million
[ ] 800,000
In the past 250 years, taxonomists have identified and named some 1.78 million species of animals, micro-organisms and animals. Answer (b) is correct
7. The systematic arrangement into groups or categories according to specific criteria is known as ___________.
[x] classification
[ ] arranged method
[ ] hierarchy order
[ ] natural relationships
Classification is the systematic arrangement into groups or categories according to specific criteria. Answer (a) is correct
8. It is an exhaustive, detailed listing of species.
[ ] Micro-organisms
[ ] Linnaeus
[x] Taxonomy
[ ] Classification
Taxonomy is an exhaustive, detailed listing of species. Answer (c) is correct
9. Through both taxonomy and classification we can create ________ of species.
[ ] hierarchy
[ ] groupings
[ ] arrangements
[x] databases
Through both taxonomy and classification we can create databases of species. Answer (d) is correct
10. Items are generally classified using only one or two _____.
[ ] organisms
[x] criteria
[ ] similarities
[ ] species
Items are generally classified using only one or two criteria. Answer (b) is correct