Commas 2
His eldest brother, who is a famous athlete, doesn't like drinking.

Commas 2

Commas are used in sentences in order for you to pause and breathe! This 11-plus English quiz will give you some more practice in using the comma. This quiz will concentrate on the use of commas with words such as 'who', 'whose', and 'which'. Don't panic - everything will be explained. Here are some useful rules:

  1. If you want to include some information that is not important to the meaning of the sentence, enclose it in commas, e.g. 'Peter, who is my best friend, won't be able to come to the party tonight'. The extra information is 'who is my best friend'.
  2. If the information you include is important to the meaning of the sentence, DON'T enclose it in commas, e.g. 'The man who is standing in the corner is my uncle'. The important information is 'who is standing in the corner'. Without this important information, we would be left with 'The man is my uncle'. You might then ask 'Which man?'
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  1. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'which he loved so much' adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'The building reminded him of his house'
  2. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'that he had bought at the market' tells us which 'jacket' is being talked about - it is NOT extra information. If you remove it, you will be left with 'He was wearing the jacket '. Which jacket?
  3. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'who is 18 years old' adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'His brother spent his holiday in Greece'. You have been told that he only has one brother, so you know who is being spoken about
  4. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'whose dog was run over' tells us which 'man' is being talked about - it is NOT extra information. If you remove it, you will be left with 'The man is very sad'. Which man?
  5. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    ‘who is 80’ adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'My grandfather goes jogging every day'
  6. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'which is smaller than mine' adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'William's garden is wonderful.'
  7. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'who is a famous athlete' adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'His eldest brother doesn't like drinking'. You know who is being talked about - his ELDEST brother
  8. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'which we visited yesterday' tells us which church is being talked about - it is NOT extra information. If you remove it, you will be left with 'The church is very old'. Which church?
  9. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'who lives in France' adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'His sister speaks French and Spanish'. You know who is being talked about because he has only ONE sister. In 'He has two sisters. His sister, who lives in France, speaks French and Spanish' you have to define which 'sister' you are talking about. This means that you should omit the commas: 'He has two sisters. His sister who lives in France speaks French and Spanish.' Now you know that the person being talked about is his sister that lives in France
  10. In which of the following sentences has a comma / have commas been correctly used or omitted?
    'whose wife is Italian' adds extra information to the sentence. If we take it out of the sentence, the sentence still has the same meaning: 'My friend Paul moved to Italy last week'

Author: Frank Evans

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