Complex Sentences
His favourite subject is geography, yet he still can't read a map.

Complex Sentences

Complex sentences include dependent clauses. Sentences are divided into four structural types: simple sentences, complex sentences, compound sentences and compound-complex sentences. In this quiz we are going to look at complex sentences and compound sentences. A simple sentence consists of a single subject and a single predicate: there are no clauses, e.g. 'Paul likes swimming': 'Paul' is the subject, 'likes swimming' is the predicate and 'likes' is the predicate verb. A compound sentence consists of two simple sentences (independent clauses) joined with one of the following conjunctions: 'and, but, for, nor, yet, so', e.g. 'He loved watching horror movies, and he had a large collection of horror DVDs'. A complex sentence consists of a simple sentence joined with one or more dependent clauses, e.g. 'He was late for work because he missed the 8 o'clock bus'. A dependent clause is a clause that is not a complete thought; therefore, it cannot stand alone as a sentence, e.g. 'because he missed the 8 o'clock bus' makes you ask 'What happened?'

It would be a good idea to do the 11-plus English Clauses and Phrases quiz before you do this quiz.

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  1. Which of the following sentences is a complex sentence?
    Independent clause: 'the children ran out of the classroom'; dependent clause: 'When the bell rang'. The dependent clause is often introduced by one of the following words: 'although', 'though', 'because', 'provided', 'however', 'if' and 'since'. The dependent clause may stand at the front or the end of the sentence
  2. Which of the following sentences is a compound sentence?
    The independent clauses are 'John ran fast' and 'Steve beat him'. The conjunction is 'but'. Don't forget: a compound sentence consists of two simple sentences (independent clauses) joined with one of the following conjunctions: 'and, but, for, nor, yet, so'. The first independent clause is separated from the second independent clause by a COMMA and one of the named CONJUNCTIONS
  3. Which of the following sentences is a complex sentence?
    Independent clause: 'he went into the forest alone'; dependent clause: 'Although he was scared'. The dependent clause is often introduced by one of the following words: 'although', 'though', 'because', 'provided', 'however', 'if' and 'since'. The dependent clause may stand at the front or the end of the sentence
  4. Which of the following sentences is a compound sentence?
    The independent clauses are 'He wants to be a top chess player' and 'he practises every day'. The conjunction is 'so'. Don't forget: a compound sentence consists of two simple sentences (independent clauses) joined with one of the following conjunctions: 'and, but, for, nor, yet, so'. The first independent clause is separated from the second independent clause by a COMMA and one of the named CONJUNCTIONS
  5. Which of the following sentences is a complex sentence?
    Independent clause: 'the kite flew high'; dependent clause: 'While the wind was blowing'. The dependent clause is often introduced by one of the following words: 'although', 'though', 'because', 'provided', 'however', 'if' and 'since'. The dependent clause may stand at the front or the end of the sentence
  6. Which of the following sentences is a complex sentence?
    Independent clause: 'He continued studying '; dependent clause: 'though he was very tired'. The dependent clause is often introduced by one of the following words: 'although', 'though', 'because', 'provided', 'however', 'if' and 'since'. The dependent clause may stand at the front or the end of the sentence
  7. Which of the following sentences is a complex sentence?
    Independent clause: 'Jane opened her umbrella'; dependent clause: 'because it was raining'. The dependent clause is often introduced by one of the following words: 'although', 'though', 'because', 'provided', 'however', 'if' and 'since'. The dependent clause may stand at the front or the end of the sentence
  8. Which of the following sentences is a compound sentence?
    The independent clauses are 'He tried hard to lift the heavy weight' and 'he wasn't strong enough to lift it'. The conjunction is 'but'. Don't forget: a compound sentence consists of two simple sentences (independent clauses) joined with one of the following conjunctions: 'and, but, for, nor, yet, so'. The first independent clause is separated from the second independent clause by a COMMA and one of the named CONJUNCTIONS
  9. Which of the following sentences is a compound sentence?
    The independent clauses are 'They bought lots of crockery' and 'they also bought some silver cutlery'. The conjunction is 'and'. Don't forget: a compound sentence consists of two simple sentences (independent clauses) joined with one of the following conjunctions: 'and, but, for, nor, yet, so'. The first independent clause is separated from the second independent clause by a COMMA and one of the named CONJUNCTIONS
  10. Which of the following sentences is a compound sentence?
    The independent clauses are 'His favourite subject is geography' and 'he still can't read a map'. The conjuction is 'yet'. Don't forget: a compound sentence consists of two simple sentences (independent clauses) joined with one of the following conjunctions: 'and, but, for, nor, yet, so'. The first independent clause is separated from the second independent clause by a COMMA and one of the named CONJUNCTIONS

Author: Frank Evans

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