Spelling:  Graphemes
She had a long journey ahead of her.

Spelling: Graphemes

A grapheme is a written representation of a phoneme, for example: 'f', ''ph' and 'gh' (as in 'fat', 'photo' and 'tough') represent the same sound 'f'. Don't forget: a grapheme can only represent a single sound; otherwise, it is not a grapheme. Also, some phonemes can be represented by different graphemes, for example: the 'k' sound can be written with 'c', 'k' and 'ck'; the 'ee' can be be written with 'ee', 'ea', 'ie', 'ei', 'e' and 'ee'. Wow!

It might help if you say the words out loud. Once you have got to grips with this subject, move onto our 11-plus English Spelling: Phonemes quiz to give you an all-round understanding.

First, have a go at this quiz and see how good you are at spotting graphemes. Good luck!

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  1. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Ocean
    The 'sh' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ce'
  2. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Through
    The 'oo' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ough'
  3. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Leaf
    The 'ee' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ea'
  4. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Knock
    The 'n' sound is represented by the grapheme 'kn'
  5. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Journey
    The 'ur' sound is represented by the grapheme 'our'
  6. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Drought
    The 'ow' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ough'
  7. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Mosquito
    The 'k' sound is represented by the grapheme 'qu'
  8. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    School
    The 'k' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ch'
  9. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Rabbit
    The 'b' sound is represented by the grapheme 'bb'
  10. Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
    Caterpillar
    The 'k' sound is represented by the grapheme 'c'

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