Spelling:  Phonemes
Row, row, row your boat, gently down the stream.
Merrily, merrily, merrily, merrily, life is but a dream.

Spelling: Phonemes

A phoneme is a distinguishing speech sound. The English language has 44 phonemes. For example, 'dog' has three phonemes: 'd', 'o' and 'g'. Here are three more phonemes: 'ch', 'sh' and 'oo'.

If you are starting to really enjoy the English language, you will find phonemes ~ and graphemes ~ a source of fascination. For instance, did you know that there are approximately 24 phonemes that are consonants and a whopping 20 phonemes that are vowels. With only 5 vowels in the English alphabet, that's quite something! If you fancy becoming a linguistic (studying languages) when you leave school, phonemes will come in very useful.

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  1. In which one of the following words is the 'f' sound heard in 'fur' repeated?
    'Tough' repeats the 'f' sound of the phoneme 'f'
  2. In which one of the following words is the 'o' sound heard in 'go' repeated?
    'Row' repeats the 'o' sound of the phoneme 'o'
  3. In which one of the following words is the 'ea' sound heard in 'meat' repeated?
    'Heat' repeats the 'ea' sound of the phoneme 'ea'
  4. In which one of the following words is the 'ch' sound heard in 'chop' repeated?
    'Chop' repeats the 'ch' sound of the phoneme 'ch'
  5. In which one of the following words is the 'c' sound heard in 'cat' repeated?
    'Crank' repeats the 'k' sound of the phoneme 'c'
  6. In which one of the following words is the 'ee' sound heard in 'beer' repeated?
    'Pier' repeats the 'ee' sound of the phoneme 'ee'
  7. In which one of the following words is the 's' sound heard in 'leisure' repeated?
    'Measure' repeats the 'z' sound of the phoneme 's'
  8. In which one of the following words is the 'ea' sound heard in 'bear' repeated?
    'Bare' repeats the sound of the phoneme 'ea'
  9. In which one of the following words is the 't' sound heard in 'time' repeated?
    'Train' repeats the 't' sound of the phoneme 't'. 'Whistle' and 'thistle' take a silent 't': the 't' is not pronounced
  10. In which one of the following words is the 'y' sound heard in 'sky' repeated?
    'I' repeats the sound of the phoneme 'y'

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